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See also:
U+51F3, 凳
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-51F3

[U+51F2]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+51F4]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 16, +12, 14 strokes, cangjie input 弓廿竹弓 (NTHN), four-corner 12217, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 134, character 36
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1797
  • Dae Jaweon: page 300, character 21
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 278, character 20
  • Unihan data for U+51F3

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*tɯːŋ
*tɯːŋ
*tɯːŋ
*tɯːŋ
*tɯːŋ, *dɯːŋs
*tɯːŋ, *tɯːŋs, *tʰɯːŋ
*tɯːŋ, *tɯːŋs
*tɯːŋs
*tɯːŋs
*tɯːŋs, *rdɯːŋ
*tɯːŋs
*tɯːŋs
*tʰɯːŋ
*tʰɯːŋ
*dɯːŋs, *dɯŋ, *rdɯŋ
*dɯːŋs
*dɯːŋs, *tʰɯŋ
*tʰɯŋs
*dɯŋ, *dɯŋs, *rdɯːŋ
*dɯŋ, *rdɯŋ, *rdɯːŋ
*tjɯŋʔ
*tjɯŋs

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *tɯːŋs): phonetic  (OC *tɯːŋ) + semantic  (table; stool).

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (5)
Final () (129)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/təŋH/
Pan
Wuyun
/təŋH/
Shao
Rongfen
/təŋH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/təŋH/
Li
Rong
/təŋH/
Wang
Li
/təŋH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/təŋH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
dèng
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 2180
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*tɯːŋs/

Definitions[edit]

  1. bench, stool
      ―  dèngzi  ―  bench, stool
  2. (dialectal) chair (Classifier: c)
    真係穩陣 [Cantonese, trad.]
    真系稳阵 [Cantonese, simp.]
    Ni1 zoeng1 dang3 zan1 hai6 hou2 m4 wan2 zan6. [Jyutping]
    This chair is really wobbly.

Synonyms[edit]

Dialectal synonyms of 椅子 (“chair (with back)”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 椅子
Mandarin Beijing 椅子
Taiwan 椅子
Harbin 椅子
Shenyang 椅子
Hailar 椅子
Ulanhot 椅子
Tongliao 椅子
Chifeng 椅子
Bayanhot 椅子
Jinan 椅子
Muping 椅子
Luoyang 椅子, 靠背椅子
Wanrong 椅子
Xi'an 椅子
Zhengzhou 椅子
Xining 椅子
Xuzhou 椅子
Yinchuan 椅子
Lanzhou 椅子
Ürümqi 椅子
Wuhan 椅子, 靠背椅, 靠椅
Huanggang 椅子
Chengdu 椅子, 椅椅兒, 憑憑椅
Guiyang 椅子, 板凳
Liuzhou 椅子, 靠背椅
Kunming 椅子
Yangzhou 椅子
Nanjing 靠背兒椅子, 椅子
Hefei 椅子
Sokuluk (Gansu Dungan) 椅凳子, 椅凳兒
Cantonese Guangzhou , 挨屏椅
Hong Kong , , 挨屏椅
Hong Kong (San Tin Weitou) ,
Foshan
Shunde
Zhongshan (Shiqi)
Doumen (Shangheng Tanka)
Doumen
Taishan
Kaiping (Chikan)
Dongguan , 鉸椅
Yangjiang
Kuala Lumpur
Ho Chi Minh City
Gan Nanchang 交椅
Lichuan 椅仔
Pingxiang 椅子
Hakka Meixian 椅仔
Changting 靠背椅
Wuping 憑凳子
Ninghua 椅子
Yudu 椅子
Shicheng
Shangyou 椅子
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 凳仔
Liudui (S. Sixian) 凳仔
Hsinchu (Hailu) 凳仔
Dongshi (Dabu)
Hsinchu (Raoping) 凳仔
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Hong Kong 交椅
Senai
Huizhou Jixi 交椅
Fuliang 椅兒
Jin Taiyuan 椅子
Pingyao 椅子
Xinzhou 椅子
Baochang 椅子
Jining 椅子
Hohhot 椅子
Baotou 椅子
Dongsheng 椅子
Linhe 椅子
Haibowan 椅子
Min Bei Jian'ou 椅仔, 有屏椅
Min Dong Fuzhou , 椅頭
Changle 椅囝
Fuqing , 椅頭
Yongtai 椅囝
Gutian 椅頭
Fu'an
Ningde 凳頭
Shouning 凳頭
Zhouning , 長凳囝
Fuding 交椅囝
Matsu , 椅頭
Min Nan Xiamen , 椅仔
Chaozhou
Johor Bahru
Haikou 椅囝,
Leizhou
Puxian Min Putian , 厚椅, 仙椅
Xianyou 交椅
Pinghua Nanning (Tingzi) 椅子, 靠背椅
Shehua Fu'an
Fuding
Luoyuan
Sanming
Shunchang
Hua'an 椅仔
Guixi
Cangnan
Jingning 交椅
Lishui 家椅
Longyou 家椅
Chaozhou
Fengshun
Wu Shanghai 椅子
Suzhou 交椅, 靠背, 椅子, 靠背矮凳
Wuxi 靠背椅
Hangzhou 椅子, 靠背椅, 靠背椅子
Wenzhou 矮椅
Chongming 椅子
Danyang 椅子, 靠背椅子, 靠背椅
Jinhua 交椅, 椅子, 靠背椅
Ningbo 椅子
Xiang Changsha 椅子, 靠背椅子, 靠椅
Shuangfeng 椅子

Compounds[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Khmer: តាំង (tang)
  • Lao: ຕັ່ງ (tang)
  • Thai: ตั่ง (dtàng)

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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Readings[edit]

  • On (unclassified): とう ()
  • Kun: ひざかけのたぐい (hizakakenotagui)

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(eum (deung))

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

: Hán Nôm readings: đắng

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