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Etymology 1[edit]

PIE root

From Middle English stool, stole, stol, from Old English stōl ‎(chair, seat, throne), from Proto-Germanic *stōlaz ‎(chair) (compare West Frisian/Dutch stoel, German Stuhl, Swedish/Danish/Norwegian stol), from Proto-Indo-European *stoh₂los (compare Lithuanian stálas, Russian стол ‎(stol, table), стул ‎(stul, chair), Serbo-Croatian stol ‎(table), Slovenian stol ‎(chair), Albanian shtallë ‎(crutch), Ancient Greek στήλη ‎(stḗlē, block of stone used as a prop or buttress to a wall)), from *steh₂- ‎(to stand). More at stand.



stool ‎(plural stools)

  1. A seat for one person without a back or armrest.
  2. A footstool.
  3. (chiefly medicine) Feces; excrement.
  4. (archaic) A decoy.
  5. (now chiefly dialectal, Scotland) A seat; a seat with a back; a chair.
  6. (now chiefly dialectal, Scotland, literally and figuratively) Throne.
  7. (obsolete) A seat used in evacuating the bowels; a toilet.
  8. (nautical) A small channel on the side of a vessel, for the dead-eyes of the backstays.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Totten to this entry?)
  9. (US, dialect) Material, such as oyster shells, spread on the sea bottom for oyster spat to adhere to.
Derived terms[edit]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Latin stolo. See stolon.


stool ‎(plural stools)

  1. A plant from which layers are propagated by bending its branches into the soil.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of P. Henderson to this entry?)


stool ‎(third-person singular simple present stools, present participle stooling, simple past and past participle stooled)

  1. (agriculture) To ramify; to tiller, as grain; to shoot out suckers.
    • 1869, Richard D. Blackmore, Lorna Doone, chapter 38
      I worked very hard in the copse of young ash, with my billhook and a shearing-knife; cutting out the saplings where they stooled too close together, making spars to keep for thatching, wall-crooks to drive into the cob, stiles for close sheep hurdles, and handles for rakes, and hoes, and two-bills, of the larger and straighter stuff.




stool m, f ‎(plural stools)

  1. (Canada, slang, derogatory) A denouncer or whistleblower; a stoolie.

Derived terms[edit]