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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
這-order.gif

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ŋrans): semantic  ‎(walk) + phonetic  ‎(OC *ŋan)

The character was originally a verb meaning "to meet", whose modern pronunciation is yàn. It was later borrowed for the proximal demonstrative "this/here", by a confusion in handwriting with . 遮箇 and 遮個 are found in old texts.

Han character[edit]

(radical 162 +7, 11 strokes, cangjie input 卜卜一口 (YYMR), four-corner 30306, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1258, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 38889
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1743, character 15
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3844, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+9019

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Etymology[edit]

Note: This character is used as a substitute for Min Nan chit, che, which may be etymologically unrelated.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (31)
Final () (79)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ŋɣiᴇnH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ŋɯiɛnH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋiænH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ŋianH/
Li
Rong
/ŋjɛnH/
Wang
Li
/ŋĭɛnH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ŋi̯ɛnH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yàn
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 14270
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ŋrans/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. (Beginning Mandarin) this, these
    [MSC, trad.]
    [MSC, simp.]
    Zhè bù shì nǐ de shū, zhè shì wǒ de shū. [Pinyin]
    This is not your book, it's mine.
    /   ―  Zhè ge jiù hěn hǎo, jiù mǎi zhè ge ba.  ―  This is really good. Buy this one.
    /   ―  Kàn zhè běn shū.  ―  Read this book.

Synonyms[edit]

Dialectal synonyms of ("this")
Variety Location Words
Classical Classical
Mandarin Beijing
Taiwan
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Hakka Miaoli (N. Sixian)
Liudui (S. Sixian)
Hsinchu (Hailu)
Dongshi (Dabu)
Taiwanese Raoping
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Min Dong Fuzhou
Min Nan Quanzhou
Xiamen
Zhangzhou
Taipei
Chaozhou
Shantou
Wu Shanghai

See also[edit]

  • (, “that, those”)

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. crawl

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(jeo, eon) (hangeul , , revised jeo, eon, McCune-Reischauer chŏ, ŏn, Yale ce, en)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(giá, gió)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.