sha

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See also: shá, shà, shā, shǎ, s'ha, -sha, and shąʼ

Japanese[edit]

Romanization[edit]

sha

  1. Rōmaji transcription of しゃ
  2. Rōmaji transcription of シャ

Mandarin[edit]

Romanization[edit]

sha

  1. Nonstandard spelling of shā.
  2. Nonstandard spelling of shá.
  3. Nonstandard spelling of shǎ.
  4. Nonstandard spelling of shà.

Usage notes[edit]

  • English transcriptions of Mandarin speech often fail to distinguish between the critical tonal differences employed in the Mandarin language, using words such as this one without the appropriate indication of tone.

Swazi[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Nguni [Term?], from Proto-Bantu *-pɪ́à.

Adjective[edit]

-sha

  1. new
Inflection[edit]

This adjective needs an inflection-table template.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Nguni [Term?], from Proto-Bantu *-pɪ́a.

Verb[edit]

-shá

  1. to burn
Inflection[edit]

This verb needs an inflection-table template.


Zulu[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Nguni [Term?], from Proto-Bantu *-pɪ́à.

Adjective[edit]

-sha?

  1. new
  2. fresh
  3. young
Inflection[edit]
Adjective concord, tone class H
Modifier Copulative
1st singular engimusha ngimusha
2nd singular omusha umusha
1st plural esibasha sibasha
2nd plural enibasha nibasha
Class 1 omusha musha
Class 2 abasha basha
Class 3 omusha musha
Class 4 emisha misha
Class 5 elisha lisha
Class 6 amasha masha
Class 7 esisha sisha
Class 8 ezinsha zinsha
Class 9 ensha insha
Class 10 ezinsha zinsha
Class 11 olusha lusha
Class 14 obusha busha
Class 15 okusha kusha
Class 17 okusha kusha
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Nguni [Term?], from Proto-Bantu *-pɪ́a.

Verb[edit]

-shá

  1. (intransitive) to burn, to be on fire
  2. (intransitive) to evaporate
  3. (intransitive) to dry up
Inflection[edit]
Tone H
Infinitive ukusha
Positive Negative
Infinitive ukusha ukungashi
Imperative
Simple + object concord
Singular yisha yishe
Plural yishani yisheni
Present
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyasha, ngisha engishayo, engisha ngisha angishi engingashi ngingashi
2nd singular uyasha, usha oshayo, osha usha awushi ongashi ungashi
1st plural siyasha, sisha esishayo, esisha sisha asishi esingashi singashi
2nd plural niyasha, nisha enishayo, enisha nisha anishi eningashi ningashi
Class 1 uyasha, usha oshayo, osha esha akashi ongashi engashi
Class 2 bayasha, basha abashayo, abasha besha abashi abangashi bengashi
Class 3 uyasha, usha oshayo, osha usha awushi ongashi ungashi
Class 4 iyasha, isha eshayo, esha isha ayishi engashi ingashi
Class 5 liyasha, lisha elishayo, elisha lisha alishi elingashi lingashi
Class 6 ayasha, asha ashayo, asha esha awashi angashi engashi
Class 7 siyasha, sisha esishayo, esisha sisha asishi esingashi singashi
Class 8 ziyasha, zisha ezishayo, ezisha zisha azishi ezingashi zingashi
Class 9 iyasha, isha eshayo, esha isha ayishi engashi ingashi
Class 10 ziyasha, zisha ezishayo, ezisha zisha azishi ezingashi zingashi
Class 11 luyasha, lusha olushayo, olusha lusha alushi olungashi lungashi
Class 14 buyasha, busha obushayo, obusha busha abushi obungashi bungashi
Class 15 kuyasha, kusha okushayo, okusha kusha akushi okungashi kungashi
Class 17 kuyasha, kusha okushayo, okusha kusha akushi okungashi kungashi
Recent past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngishile, ngishē engishile, engishē ngishile, ngishē angishanga engingashanga ngingashanga
2nd singular ushile, ushē oshile, oshē ushile, ushē awushanga ongashanga ungashanga
1st plural sishile, sishē esishile, esishē sishile, sishē asishanga esingashanga singashanga
2nd plural nishile, nishē enishile, enishē nishile, nishē anishanga eningashanga ningashanga
Class 1 ushile, ushē oshile, oshē eshile, eshē akashanga ongashanga engashanga
Class 2 bashile, bashē abashile, abashē beshile, beshē abashanga abangashanga bengashanga
Class 3 ushile, ushē oshile, oshē ushile, ushē awushanga ongashanga ungashanga
Class 4 ishile, ishē eshile, eshē ishile, ishē ayishanga engashanga ingashanga
Class 5 lishile, lishē elishile, elishē lishile, lishē alishanga elingashanga lingashanga
Class 6 ashile, ashē ashile, ashē eshile, eshē awashanga angashanga engashanga
Class 7 sishile, sishē esishile, esishē sishile, sishē asishanga esingashanga singashanga
Class 8 zishile, zishē ezishile, ezishē zishile, zishē azishanga ezingashanga zingashanga
Class 9 ishile, ishē eshile, eshē ishile, ishē ayishanga engashanga ingashanga
Class 10 zishile, zishē ezishile, ezishē zishile, zishē azishanga ezingashanga zingashanga
Class 11 lushile, lushē olushile, olushē lushile, lushē alushanga olungashanga lungashanga
Class 14 bushile, bushē obushile, obushē bushile, bushē abushanga obungashanga bungashanga
Class 15 kushile, kushē okushile, okushē kushile, kushē akushanga okungashanga kungashanga
Class 17 kushile, kushē okushile, okushē kushile, kushē akushanga okungashanga kungashanga
Remote past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngāsha engāsha ngāsha angishanga engingashanga ngingashanga
2nd singular wāsha owāsha wāsha awushanga ongashanga ungashanga
1st plural sāsha esāsha sāsha asishanga esingashanga singashanga
2nd plural nāsha enāsha nāsha anishanga eningashanga ningashanga
Class 1 wāsha owāsha āsha akashanga ongashanga engashanga
Class 2 bāsha abāsha bāsha abashanga abangashanga bengashanga
Class 3 wāsha owāsha wāsha awushanga ongashanga ungashanga
Class 4 yāsha eyāsha yāsha ayishanga engashanga ingashanga
Class 5 lāsha elāsha lāsha alishanga elingashanga lingashanga
Class 6 āsha āsha āsha awashanga angashanga engashanga
Class 7 sāsha esāsha sāsha asishanga esingashanga singashanga
Class 8 zāsha ezāsha zāsha azishanga ezingashanga zingashanga
Class 9 yāsha eyāsha yāsha ayishanga engashanga ingashanga
Class 10 zāsha ezāsha zāsha azishanga ezingashanga zingashanga
Class 11 lwāsha olwāsha lwāsha alushanga olungashanga lungashanga
Class 14 bāsha obāsha bāsha abushanga obungashanga bungashanga
Class 15 kwāsha okwāsha kwāsha akushanga okungashanga kungashanga
Class 17 kwāsha okwāsha kwāsha akushanga okungashanga kungashanga
Potential
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngingasha ngingasha ngingeshe ngingeshe
2nd singular ungasha ungasha ungeshe ungeshe
1st plural singasha singasha singeshe singeshe
2nd plural ningasha ningasha ningeshe ningeshe
Class 1 angasha engasha angeshe engeshe
Class 2 bangasha bengasha bangeshe bengeshe
Class 3 ungasha ungasha ungeshe ungeshe
Class 4 ingasha ingasha ingeshe ingeshe
Class 5 lingasha lingasha lingeshe lingeshe
Class 6 angasha engasha angeshe engeshe
Class 7 singasha singasha singeshe singeshe
Class 8 zingasha zingasha zingeshe zingeshe
Class 9 ingasha ingasha ingeshe ingeshe
Class 10 zingasha zingasha zingeshe zingeshe
Class 11 lungasha lungasha lungeshe lungeshe
Class 14 bungasha bungasha bungeshe bungeshe
Class 15 kungasha kungasha kungeshe kungeshe
Class 17 kungasha kungasha kungeshe kungeshe
Immediate future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngizokusha engizokusha ngizokusha angizukusha ngingezukusha
2nd singular uzokusha ozokusha uzokusha awuzukusha ungezukusha
1st plural sizokusha esizokusha sizokusha asizukusha singezukusha
2nd plural nizokusha enizokusha nizokusha anizukusha ningezukusha
Class 1 uzokusha ozokusha ezokusha akazukusha engezukusha
Class 2 bazokusha abazokusha bezokusha abazukusha bengezukusha
Class 3 uzokusha ozokusha uzokusha awuzukusha ungezukusha
Class 4 izokusha ezokusha izokusha ayizukusha ingezukusha
Class 5 lizokusha elizokusha lizokusha alizukusha lingezukusha
Class 6 azokusha azokusha ezokusha awazukusha engezukusha
Class 7 sizokusha esizokusha sizokusha asizukusha singezukusha
Class 8 zizokusha ezizokusha zizokusha azizukusha zingezukusha
Class 9 izokusha ezokusha izokusha ayizukusha ingezukusha
Class 10 zizokusha ezizokusha zizokusha azizukusha zingezukusha
Class 11 luzokusha oluzokusha luzokusha aluzukusha lungezukusha
Class 14 buzokusha obuzokusha buzokusha abuzukusha bungezukusha
Class 15 kuzokusha okuzokusha kuzokusha akuzukusha kungezukusha
Class 17 kuzokusha okuzokusha kuzokusha akuzukusha kungezukusha
Remote future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyokusha engiyokusha ngiyokusha angiyukusha ngingeyukusha
2nd singular uyokusha oyokusha uyokusha awuyukusha ungeyukusha
1st plural siyokusha esiyokusha siyokusha asiyukusha singeyukusha
2nd plural niyokusha eniyokusha niyokusha aniyukusha ningeyukusha
Class 1 uyokusha oyokusha eyokusha akayukusha engeyukusha
Class 2 bayokusha abayokusha beyokusha abayukusha bengeyukusha
Class 3 uyokusha oyokusha uyokusha awuyukusha ungeyukusha
Class 4 iyokusha eyokusha iyokusha ayiyukusha ingeyukusha
Class 5 liyokusha eliyokusha liyokusha aliyukusha lingeyukusha
Class 6 ayokusha ayokusha eyokusha awayukusha engeyukusha
Class 7 siyokusha esiyokusha siyokusha asiyukusha singeyukusha
Class 8 ziyokusha eziyokusha ziyokusha aziyukusha zingeyukusha
Class 9 iyokusha eyokusha iyokusha ayiyukusha ingeyukusha
Class 10 ziyokusha eziyokusha ziyokusha aziyukusha zingeyukusha
Class 11 luyokusha oluyokusha luyokusha aluyukusha lungeyukusha
Class 14 buyokusha obuyokusha buyokusha abuyukusha bungeyukusha
Class 15 kuyokusha okuyokusha kuyokusha akuyukusha kungeyukusha
Class 17 kuyokusha okuyokusha kuyokusha akuyukusha kungeyukusha
Present subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngishe ngingashi
2nd singular ushe ungashi
1st plural sishe singashi
2nd plural nishe ningashi
Class 1 ashe angashi
Class 2 bashe bangashi
Class 3 ushe ungashi
Class 4 ishe ingashi
Class 5 lishe lingashi
Class 6 ashe angashi
Class 7 sishe singashi
Class 8 zishe zingashi
Class 9 ishe ingashi
Class 10 zishe zingashi
Class 11 lushe lungashi
Class 14 bushe bungashi
Class 15 kushe kungashi
Class 17 kushe kungashi
Past subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngasha angisha
2nd singular washa awusha
1st plural sasha asisha
2nd plural nasha anisha
Class 1 washa akasha
Class 2 basha abasha
Class 3 washa awusha
Class 4 yasha ayisha
Class 5 lasha alisha
Class 6 asha awasha
Class 7 sasha asisha
Class 8 zasha azisha
Class 9 yasha ayisha
Class 10 zasha azisha
Class 11 lwasha alusha
Class 14 basha abusha
Class 15 kwasha akusha
Class 17 kwasha akusha
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]