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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
當-silk.svg 當-bigseal.svg 當-seal.svg

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *taːŋ, *taːŋs): phonetic  ‎(OC *djaŋ, *djaŋs) + semantic  ‎(field)

Han character[edit]

(radical 102 +8, 13 strokes, cangjie input 火月口田 (FBRW), four-corner 90606, composition ⿱⿱)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 764, character 18
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 21890
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1175, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2546, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+7576

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /tɑŋ⁵⁵/
Harbin /taŋ⁴⁴/
Tianjin /tɑŋ²¹/ ~時
/tɑŋ⁵³/ 上~
Jinan /taŋ²¹³/
Qingdao /taŋ²¹³/
Zhengzhou /taŋ²⁴/
Xi'an /taŋ²¹/
Xining /tɔ̃⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /tɑŋ⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /tɑ̃³¹/
Ürümqi /tɑŋ⁴⁴/
Wuhan /taŋ⁵⁵/
Chengdu /taŋ⁵⁵/
Guiyang /taŋ⁵⁵/
Kunming /tã̠/
Nanjing /taŋ³¹/
Hefei /tɑ̃²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /tɒ̃¹¹/
Pingyao /tɑŋ¹³/
/tuə¹³/
Hohhot /tɑ̃³¹/
Wu Shanghai /tɑ̃⁵³/
Suzhou /tɑ̃⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /tɑŋ³³/
Wenzhou /tuɔ³³/
Hui Shexian /ta³¹/
Tunxi /tau¹¹/ 該~
/tau⁴²/ ~鋪
Xiang Changsha /tan³³/
Xiangtan /tɔn⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /tɔŋ⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /toŋ⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /toŋ²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /tɔŋ⁵³/
Nanning /tɔŋ⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /tɔŋ⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /tɔŋ⁵⁵/
/tŋ̍⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /touŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /tɔŋ⁵⁴/
/tɔŋ³³/ 上~
Shantou (Min Nan) /taŋ³³/
/tɯŋ³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ʔdaŋ²³/
/ʔdo²³/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: (5)
Final: (101)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: I
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: dāng
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/tɑŋ/ /tɑŋ/ /tɑŋ/ /taŋ/ /tɑŋ/ /tɑŋ/ /tɑŋ/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: (5)
Final: (101)
Tone: Departing (H)

Openness: Open
Division: I
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: dàng
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/tɑŋH/ /tɑŋH/ /tɑŋH/ /taŋH/ /tɑŋH/ /tɑŋH/ /tɑŋH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
dāng ‹ tang › /*tˤaŋ/ match (v.); have the value of, rank with
dàng ‹ tangH › /*tˤaŋ-s/ suitable

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
11104 0 /*taːŋ/
11122 0 /*taːŋs/

Definitions[edit]

  1. bear, accept, withstand, undertake
  2. just, just at, just at (a time or place), at or in the very same...
  3. to be
  4. to act as
  5. manage
  6. when
  7. during
  8. ought, should
  9. match equally, equal, same
  10. obstruct
  11. on the spot
  12. right
  13. suitable, adequate, fitting, proper
  14. to replace
  15. to regard as, to think
  16. to pawn

Adverb[edit]

  1. (archaic) still

Synonyms[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(dang) (hangeul , revised dang, McCune-Reischauer tang, Yale tang)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(đương, đáng, đang, đấng)

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