Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also:

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 134 +9, 15 strokes, cangjie input 竹X月金 (HXBC), four-corner 77801)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1005, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 30226
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1461, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 253, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+8208

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
興-oracle.svg 興-bronze.svg 興-bigseal.svg 興-seal.svg

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  ‎(to raise) +  ‎(together) – to hold up together.

Pronunciation 1[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location 興 (旺)
Mandarin Beijing /ɕiŋ⁵⁵/
Harbin /ɕiŋ⁴⁴/
Tianjin /ɕiŋ²¹/
Jinan /ɕiŋ²¹³/
Qingdao /ɕiŋ²¹³/
Zhengzhou /ɕiŋ²⁴/
Xi'an /ɕiŋ²¹/
Xining /ɕiə̃⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /ɕiŋ⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /ɕĩn³¹/
Ürümqi /ɕiŋ⁴⁴/
Wuhan /ɕin⁵⁵/
Chengdu /ɕin⁵⁵/
Guiyang /ɕin⁵⁵/
Kunming /ɕĩ/
Nanjing /ɕin³¹/
Hefei /ɕin²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /ɕiəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /ɕiŋ¹³/
Hohhot /ɕĩŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /ɕiŋ⁵³/
Suzhou /ɕin⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /ɕin³³/
Wenzhou /ɕaŋ³³/
Hui Shexian /ɕiʌ̃³¹/
Tunxi /ɕin¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /ɕin³³/
Xiangtan /ɕin³³/
Gan Nanchang /ɕin⁴²/ ~國縣
Hakka Meixian /hin⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /hin²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /heŋ⁵³/
Nanning /heŋ⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /hiŋ⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hiŋ⁵⁵/
/hin⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /hiŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xeiŋ⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /heŋ³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /heŋ²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (32)
Final () (133)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/hɨŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/hɨŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/xieŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/hiŋ/
Li
Rong
/xiəŋ/
Wang
Li
/xĭəŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/xi̯əŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
xīng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
xīng
Middle
Chinese
‹ xing ›
Old
Chinese
/*qʰ(r)əŋ/
English lift, rise

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 13858
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qʰɯŋ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to rise; to get up
  2. to thrive; to prosper; to flourish
  3. prosperous; flourishing; popular
  4. to start; to build; to establish
  5. to elect; to promote
  6. to succeed; to achieve success
  7. to send; to dispatch; to launch; to mount
  8. to collect; to recruit
  9. to do; to perform
  10. to advocate; to encourage
  11. to indulge; to spoil
  12. (dialectal, usually in the negative) to allow; to permit
  13. maybe; perhaps
  14. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location 興 (高)
Mandarin Beijing /ɕiŋ⁵¹/
Harbin /ɕiŋ⁵³/
Tianjin /ɕiŋ⁵³/
Jinan /ɕiŋ²¹/
Qingdao /ɕiŋ⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ɕiŋ³¹²/
Xi'an /ɕiŋ⁴⁴/
Xining /ɕiə̃²¹³/
Yinchuan /ɕiŋ¹³/
Lanzhou /ɕĩn¹³/
Ürümqi /ɕiŋ²¹³/
Wuhan /ɕin⁴²/
Chengdu /ɕin¹³/
Guiyang /ɕin²¹³/
Kunming /ɕĩ¹/
Nanjing /ɕin⁴⁴/
Hefei /ɕin⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /ɕiəŋ⁴⁵/
Pingyao /ɕiŋ³⁵/
Hohhot /ɕĩŋ⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /ɕiŋ³⁵/
Suzhou /ɕin⁵¹³/
Hangzhou /ɕin⁴⁴⁵⁴⁴⁵/
Wenzhou /ɕaŋ⁴²/
Hui Shexian /ɕiʌ̃³²⁴/
Tunxi /ɕin⁴²/
Xiang Changsha /ɕin⁵⁵/
Xiangtan /ɕin⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /ɕin⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /hin⁵³/
Taoyuan
Cantonese Guangzhou /heŋ³³/
Nanning /heŋ³³/
Hong Kong /hiŋ³³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hiŋ²¹/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /hɛiŋ²¹²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xeiŋ⁴⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /heŋ²¹³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /heŋ³⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (32)
Final () (133)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/hɨŋH/
Pan
Wuyun
/hɨŋH/
Shao
Rongfen
/xieŋH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/hiŋH/
Li
Rong
/xiəŋH/
Wang
Li
/xĭəŋH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/xi̯əŋH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
xìng
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 13859
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qʰɯŋs/

Definitions[edit]

  1. excitement; interest; mood in doing something
    /   ―  gāoxìng  ―  happy [lit. high mood]
  2. sensual desire; sexual desire; passion
  3. (obsolete or Min) to like; to be fond of; to love
  4. to liken; to analogise
  5. (rhetoric) metaphor
  6. (poetry) association; speaking first of something else to lead up to the main theme

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. entertain
  2. revive
  3. retrieve
  4. interest
  5. pleasure

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana きょう, romaji kyō)

  1. entertainment; pleasure; interest

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(heung) (hangeul , revised heung, McCune-Reischauer hŭng, Yale hung)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(hưng, hăng, hên, hứng)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.