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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
興-oracle.svg 興-bronze.svg 興-bigseal.svg 興-seal.svg

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  +  ‎(together)

Han character[edit]

(radical 134 +9, 15 strokes, cangjie input 竹X月金 (HXBC), four-corner 77801)

  1. thrive, prosper, flourish

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1005, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 30226
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1461, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 253, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+8208

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location 興 (旺) 興 (高)
Mandarin Beijing /ɕiŋ⁵⁵/ /ɕiŋ⁵¹/
Harbin /ɕiŋ⁴⁴/ /ɕiŋ⁵³/
Tianjin /ɕiŋ²¹/ /ɕiŋ⁵³/
Jinan /ɕiŋ²¹³/ /ɕiŋ²¹/
Qingdao /ɕiŋ²¹³/ /ɕiŋ⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ɕiŋ²⁴/ /ɕiŋ³¹²/
Xi'an /ɕiŋ²¹/ /ɕiŋ⁴⁴/
Xining /ɕiə̃⁴⁴/ /ɕiə̃²¹³/
Yinchuan /ɕiŋ⁴⁴/ /ɕiŋ¹³/
Lanzhou /ɕĩn³¹/ /ɕĩn¹³/
Ürümqi /ɕiŋ⁴⁴/ /ɕiŋ²¹³/
Wuhan /ɕin⁵⁵/ /ɕin⁴²/
Chengdu /ɕin⁵⁵/ /ɕin¹³/
Guiyang /ɕin⁵⁵/ /ɕin²¹³/
Kunming /ɕĩ/ /ɕĩ¹/
Nanjing /ɕin³¹/ /ɕin⁴⁴/
Hefei /ɕin²¹/ /ɕin⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /ɕiəŋ¹¹/ /ɕiəŋ⁴⁵/
Pingyao /ɕiŋ¹³/ /ɕiŋ³⁵/
Hohhot /ɕĩŋ³¹/ /ɕĩŋ⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /ɕiŋ⁵³/ /ɕiŋ³⁵/
Suzhou /ɕin⁵⁵/ /ɕin⁵¹³/
Hangzhou /ɕin³³/ /ɕin⁴⁴⁵⁴⁴⁵/
Wenzhou /ɕaŋ³³/ /ɕaŋ⁴²/
Hui Shexian /ɕiʌ̃³¹/ /ɕiʌ̃³²⁴/
Tunxi /ɕin¹¹/ /ɕin⁴²/
Xiang Changsha /ɕin³³/ /ɕin⁵⁵/
Xiangtan /ɕin³³/ /ɕin⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /ɕin⁴²/ ~國縣 /ɕin⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /hin⁴⁴/ /hin⁵³/
Taoyuan /hin²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /heŋ⁵³/ /heŋ³³/
Nanning /heŋ⁵⁵/ /heŋ³³/
Hong Kong /hiŋ⁵⁵/ /hiŋ³³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hiŋ⁵⁵/
/hin⁵⁵/
/hiŋ²¹/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /hiŋ⁴⁴/ /hɛiŋ²¹²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xeiŋ⁵⁴/ /xeiŋ⁴⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /heŋ³³/ /heŋ²¹³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /heŋ²³/ /heŋ³⁵/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: (32)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/hɨŋ/ /xi̯əŋ/ /xiəŋ/ /hɨŋ/ /hiŋ/ /xĭəŋ/ /xieŋ/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: (32)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/hɨŋH/ /xi̯əŋH/ /xiəŋH/ /hɨŋH/ /hiŋH/ /xĭəŋH/ /xieŋH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
xīng ‹ xing › /*qʰ(r)əŋ/ lift, rise

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
13858 0 /*qʰɯŋ/
13859 0 /*qʰɯŋs/

Definitions[edit]

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. entertain
  2. revive
  3. retrieve
  4. interest
  5. pleasure

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana きょう, romaji kyō)

  1. entertainment; pleasure; interest

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(heung) (hangeul , revised heung, McCune-Reischauer hŭng, Yale hung)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(hưng, hăng, hên, hứng)

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