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See also:
U+8A31, 許
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8A31

[U+8A30]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8A32]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 149 +4, 11 strokes, cangjie input 卜口人十 (YROJ), four-corner 08640, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1151, character 14
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 35298
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1618, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3946, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+8A31

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*sŋjaːs
*hŋaːŋʔ
*hŋaːʔ
*ŋaːʔ
*ŋaːʔ
*ŋaːʔ
*ŋaːs
*ŋaːs
*ŋ̊ʰjaʔ
*ŋaʔ
*ŋaʔ
*ŋaʔ
*ŋaʔ, *ŋas
*hŋaʔ
*ŋas

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *hŋaʔ): semantic  (speech; words) + phonetic  (OC *ŋaːʔ).

Etymology 1[edit]

trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • hú/hír/hí - literary;
  • khó͘ - vernacular (surname).
Note:
  • he2 - literary;
  • kou2 - vernacular (surname).

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ɕy²¹⁴/
Harbin /ɕy²¹³/
Tianjin /ɕy¹³/
Jinan /ɕy⁵⁵/
Qingdao /ɕy⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /ɕy⁵³/
Xi'an /ɕy⁵³/
Xining /ɕy⁵³/
Yinchuan /ɕy⁵³/
Lanzhou /ɕy⁴⁴²/
Ürümqi /ɕy⁵¹/
Wuhan /ɕy⁴²/
Chengdu /ɕy⁵³/
Guiyang /ɕi⁴²/
Kunming /ɕi⁵³/
Nanjing /ɕy²¹²/
Hefei /sz̩ʷ²⁴/
Jin Taiyuan /ɕy⁵³/
Pingyao /ɕy⁵³/
Hohhot /ɕy⁵³/
Wu Shanghai /ɕy³⁵/
Suzhou /ɕy⁵¹/
Hangzhou /sz̩ʷ⁵³/
Wenzhou /ɕy³⁵/
Hui Shexian /ɕy³⁵/
Tunxi /ɕy³¹/
Xiang Changsha /ɕy⁴¹/
Xiangtan /ɕy⁴²/
Gan Nanchang /ɕy²¹³/
Hakka Meixian /hi³¹/
Taoyuan /hi³¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /høy³⁵/
Nanning /hy³⁵/
Hong Kong /høy³⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hu⁵³/
/kʰɔ⁵³/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /hy³²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xy²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /hɯ⁵³/
/kʰou⁵³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /hu²¹³/
/xɔu²¹³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (32)
Final () (22)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/hɨʌX/
Pan
Wuyun
/hiɔX/
Shao
Rongfen
/xiɔX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/hɨə̆X/
Li
Rong
/xiɔX/
Wang
Li
/xĭoX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/xi̯woX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 13180
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*hŋaʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to allow; to permit
  2. to promise
  3. to betroth
  4. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Tagalog: Co, Ko (via Hokkien)

Etymology 2[edit]

trad.
simp.
EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.
Particularly: “Relevant discussions: 汉语方言指示词“尔”的共时分布与历史来源; 幾個閩語語法成份的時間層次”

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • hu2 - Chaoyang, Puning, Huilai;
  • hi2 - Lufeng, Haifeng.

Definitions[edit]

  1. (Gan, Min, Wu) that
Synonyms[edit]
Dialectal synonyms of (“that”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
Mandarin Beijing
Taiwan
Tianjin
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Taishan 𡃕
Hakka Miaoli (N. Sixian)
Liudui (S. Sixian)
Hsinchu (Hailu)
Dongshi (Dabu)
Zhuolan (Raoping)
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Min Dong Fuzhou
Min Nan Xiamen
Quanzhou
Zhangzhou
Taipei
Kaohsiung
Penang
Chaozhou
Shantou
Wu Shanghai
Wenzhou

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. permit
  2. approve

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(heo, ho) (hangeul , , revised Hur, heo, ho, McCune-Reischauer hŏ, ho, Yale he, ho)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(hứa, hớ, hở, hử, hữ, ngỏ)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.