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U+5348, 午
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5348

[U+5347]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5349]
See also: and

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
午-bw.png
Stroke order
午-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 24 +2, 4 strokes, cangjie input 人十 (OJ) or X人十 (XOJ), four-corner 80400, composition𠂉)

  1. noon
  2. seventh of twelve earthly branches (十二支): horse () of Chinese zodiac

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 156, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 2703
  • Dae Jaweon: page 354, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 406, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+5348

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
午-oracle.svg 午-bronze.svg 午-bigseal.svg 午-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*sŋjaːs
*hŋaːŋʔ
*hŋaːʔ
*ŋaːʔ
*ŋaːʔ
*ŋaːʔ
*ŋaːs
*ŋaːs
*ŋ̥ʰjaʔ
*ŋaʔ
*ŋaʔ
*ŋaʔ
*ŋaʔ, *ŋas
*hŋaʔ
*ŋas

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • gó͘/ngó͘ - literary;
  • gō͘ - vernacular.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (31)
Final () (23)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ŋuoX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ŋuoX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋoX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ŋɔX/
Li
Rong
/ŋoX/
Wang
Li
/ŋuX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ŋuoX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ nguX › ‹ nguX ›
Old
Chinese
/*[m].qʰˤaʔ/ /*m-qʰˤaʔ/
English 7th earthly branch resist; cross-wise

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 13169
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ŋaːʔ/

Noun[edit]

  1. the seventh earthly branch:
    1. (historical or astrology) the seventh year of the Jovian orbital cycle
    2. (literary) seventh
    3. (archaic) the fifth month of the Chinese traditional calendar
    4. (historical or archaic) the "Chinese" or "double hour" from 11 am to 1 pm
    5. noon (precisely)

Hypernyms[edit]

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. noon

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(o)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: o, McCune-Reischauer: o, Yale: o)
  • Name (hangeul): ()
  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(ngọ, ngỏ, ngõ)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.