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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
亥-oracle.svg 亥-bronze.svg 亥-bigseal.svg 亥-seal.svg

Pictogram (象形) – an animal; similar origin to and .

Han character[edit]

(radical 8 +4, 6 strokes, cangjie input 卜女竹人 (YVHO), four-corner 00802, composition𠃋丿)

  1. the ordinal number twelve, as used in the Chinese calendar and in Chinese units of measure
  2. twelfth of twelve earthly branches (十二支): pig () of Chinese zodiac

Related characters[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 88, character 8
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 292
  • Dae Jaweon: page 186, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 283, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+4EA5

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /xai⁵¹/
Harbin /xai⁵³/
/xai²⁴/
Tianjin /xai⁵³/
Jinan /xɛ²¹/
Qingdao /xɛ⁴²/
Zhengzhou /xai⁴²/
Xi'an /xai⁴⁴/
Xining /xɛ²¹³/
Yinchuan /xɛ¹³/
Lanzhou /xɛ¹³/
Ürümqi /xai⁵¹/
Wuhan /xai³⁵/
Chengdu /xai¹³/
/xe³¹/
Guiyang /xai²¹³/
Kunming /xæ²¹²/
Nanjing /xae⁴⁴/
Hefei /xe̞⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /xai⁴⁵/
Pingyao /xæ⁵³/
Hohhot /xɛ⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /ɦe¹³/
Suzhou /ɦe̞³¹/
Hangzhou /ɦe̞¹³/
Wenzhou /ɦe³⁵/
Hui Shexian /xɛ²²/
Tunxi /xa²⁴/
Xiang Changsha /xai⁵⁵/
Xiangtan /ɦai²¹/
Gan Nanchang /hai²¹/
Hakka Meixian /hoi⁵³/
Taoyuan /hoi⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /hɔi²²/
Nanning /hɔi²²/
Hong Kong /hɔi²²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hai²²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /hɑi²⁴²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xuɛ⁴⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /hai³⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /hai³³/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (33)
Final:
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɦʌiX/ /ɣɑ̆iX/ /ɣᴀiX/ /ɦəiX/ /ɦəjX/ /ɣɒiX/ /ɣɒiX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
hài ‹ hojX › /*[ɡ]ˤəʔ/ 12th earthly branch

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
4828 0 /*ɡɯːʔ/ 甲金文象根荄爲荄之初文,陳獨秀說

Definitions[edit]

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References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(hae) (hangeul , revised hae, McCune-Reischauer hae)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(hợi)

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