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Translingual[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
秀-silk.svg 秀-bigseal.svg 秀-seal.svg

Han character[edit]

(radical 115 +2, 7 strokes, cangjie input 竹木弓竹尸 (HDNHS), four-corner 20227, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 849, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 24911
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1270, character 16
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2589, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+79C0

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Barley ear.

‎(plant) + , resembling a fruit/an ear hanging off a plant.

Etymology[edit]

May be a causative of (OC *ljɯws, *lɯws, “growth of seedlings”). Compare Proto-Vietic *m-loh ‎(to blossom) (whence Vietnamese trổ ‎(to burst, to open, to display), lổ ‎(naked)), and Khmer លាស់ ‎(léas, to grow, to blossom, to prosper).

The meaning of “show” [noun] is a phono-semantic matching of English show.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (16)
Final: (136)
Tone: Departing (H)

Openness: Open
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: xiù
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/sɨuH/ /siuH/ /siəuH/ /suwH/ /siuH/ /sĭəuH/ /si̯ə̯uH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
xiù ‹ sjuwH › /*[s-l]u(ʔ)-s/ to flower

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
13934 1 /*slus/

Definitions[edit]

  1. (of plants) to shoot out into ears; earing; ear
    而不實 / 而不实  ―  xiùérbùshí  ―  to put forth flowers but bear no fruit
  2. (of plants) to bear fruit
  3. (of plants) to blossom
  4. beautiful, elegant, graceful
    /   ―  xiù  ―  pretty
      ―  xiùměi  ―  elegant
    眉清目  ―  méiqīngmùxiù  ―  with delicate features
  5. to manifest, to show, to display
      ―  xiùchū  ―  to show
  6. (especially of a person) outstanding, prominent, extraordinary
    /   ―  yōuxiù  ―  excellent
      ―  jùnxiù  ―  elegant; pretty
  7. a show
    脫口 / 脱口  ―  tuōkǒuxiù  ―  talk show
    時裝 / 时装  ―  shízhuāngxiù  ―  fashion show

Compounds[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic ():

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

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Readings[edit]

Kanji in this term
しゅう
Grade: S
on'yomi

Proper noun[edit]

‎(hiragana しゅう, romaji Shū)

  1. A male given name

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(su) (hangeul , revised su, McCune-Reischauer su, Yale swu)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(, vân)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.