秀才

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Chinese[edit]

 
to ear; beautiful; elegant
to ear; beautiful; elegant; outstanding; to show; to display; show
 
ability; talent; endowment
ability; talent; endowment; gift; an expert; only (then); only if; just
simp. and trad.
(秀才)
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Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • séu-cài - literary;
  • séu-còi - colloquial.
  • Min Nan
  • Wu
  • Noun[edit]

    秀才

    1. (historical) licentiate (scholar who has passed the entry-level examination to study at a college) [from the Ming-Qing dynasties]
    2. (historical) person recommended for a government post by a provincial governor [prior to 605]
    3. (by extension) scholar; intellectual; person of knowledge

    Synonyms[edit]

    edit

    Derived terms[edit]

    Descendants[edit]

    Sino-Xenic (秀才):

    Others


    Japanese[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    しゅう
    Grade: S
    さい
    Grade: 2
    kan’on
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    Wikipedia ja

    /sɨusai//ɕɨusai//ɕuːsai/

    Appears already in texts from 718 C.E..[1]

    From Middle Chinese 秀才 (MC sɨuH d͡zʌi, literally “outstanding + ability, talent”).

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (しゅう)(さい) (shūsaiしうさい (siusai)?

    1. (historical) in the 律令 (Ritsuryō) system of ancient Japan, one of the subjects in the examination to enter the civil service
    2. (historical) in the 律令 (Ritsuryō) system of ancient Japan, someone who has passed such an examination
    3. (historical) a xiucai, licentiate (scholar who has passed the entry-level examination to study at a college) [from the Ming-Qing dynasties]
    4. (historical) a person recommended for a government post by a provincial governor
    5. (by extension) a scholar, intellectual, person of knowledge
    6. (by extension) a prodigy, a brilliant person
    Usage notes[edit]

    The brilliant person sense is the most common sense in modern usage.

    Derived terms[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    しゅう > す
    Grade: S
    さい
    Grade: 2
    Irregular kan’on

    /sɨusai//susai/

    Shift in reading of historical siusai reading.[1][2][3] Appears in the Utsubo Monogatari of 970–999 C.E..[1]

    This reading appears to be obsolete in modern Japanese.

    Pronunciation[edit]

    • (Irregular reading)

    Noun[edit]

    ()(さい) (susai

    1. (historical, obsolete) in the 律令 (Ritsuryō) system of ancient Japan, one of the subjects in the examination to enter the civil service
    2. (historical, obsolete) in the 律令 (Ritsuryō) system of ancient Japan, someone who has passed such an examination

    References[edit]

    1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
    2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    3. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN