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U+606F, 息
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-606F

[U+606E]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6070]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
息-bw.png

Han character[edit]

(radical 61 +6, 10 strokes, cangjie input 竹山心 (HUP), four-corner 26330, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 385, character 20
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 10601
  • Dae Jaweon: page 717, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2291, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+606F

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*slɯɡ
*slɯɡ
*slɯɡ
*slɯɡ
*slɯɡ
*slɯɡ

Ideogrammic compound (會意): (nose) + (heart) – to breath (life) through one’s nose. Note that this uses the older meaning of , as “nose”, rather than “self”.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • sik1 - usual pronunciation;
  • sak1 - only in the sense “great-grandchild”.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ɕi⁵⁵/
Harbin /ɕi²¹³/
Tianjin /ɕi²¹/
/ɕi⁵³/
Jinan /ɕi²¹³/
Qingdao /si⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /si²⁴/
Xi'an /ɕi²¹/
Xining /ɕji⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /ɕi¹³/
Lanzhou /ɕi¹³/
Ürümqi /ɕi²¹³/
Wuhan /ɕi²¹³/
Chengdu /ɕi³¹/
Guiyang /ɕi²¹/
Kunming /ɕi³¹/
Nanjing /siʔ⁵/
Hefei /ɕiəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /ɕiəʔ²/
Pingyao /ɕiʌʔ¹³/
Hohhot /ɕiəʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /ɕiɪʔ⁵/
Suzhou /siəʔ⁵/
Hangzhou /ɕiəʔ⁵/
Wenzhou /sei²¹³/
Hui Shexian /siʔ²¹/
Tunxi /si⁵/
Xiang Changsha /si²⁴/
Xiangtan /si²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /ɕiʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /sit̚¹/
Taoyuan /sit̚²²/
Cantonese Guangzhou /sek̚⁵/
Nanning /ɬek̚⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /sik̚⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /sik̚³²/
/sit̚³²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /sɛiʔ²³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /si²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /sek̚²/
Haikou (Min Nan) /tek̚⁵/ 利~
/tit̚⁵/ 曾孫

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (16)
Final () (134)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/sɨk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/sɨk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/siek̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/sik̚/
Li
Rong
/siək̚/
Wang
Li
/sĭək̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/si̯ək̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
xi
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 13332
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*slɯɡ/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. to breathe; to pant
  2. to sigh; to blow
  3. to stop; to subside; to cease
  4. to put a stop to; to stop
  5. to rest; to have a rest
  6. to grow; to develop
  7. to calm down; to appease
  8. breath; life
  9. one's own children
  10. (Cantonese) great-grandchild
  11. interest; dividends
  12. message; news

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. breath
  2. live
  3. give birth
  4. nurture
  5. spread, multiply
  6. rest
  7. come to an end

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Kanji in this term
いき
Grade: 3
kun'yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana いき, romaji iki)

  1. breath
     (いき)をする
    iki o suru
    breathe

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(sik) (hangeul , revised sik, McCune-Reischauer sik, Yale sik)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Okinawan[edit]

Kanji[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with mainland Japanese (iki).

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana いーち, romaji īchi)

  1. breath

Compounds[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tức)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.