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U+606F, 息
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-606F

[U+606E]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6070]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
10 strokes

Han character[edit]

(radical 61 +6, 10 strokes, cangjie input 竹山心 (HUP), four-corner 26330, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 385, character 20
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 10601
  • Dae Jaweon: page 717, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2291, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+606F

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*slɯɡ
*slɯɡ
*slɯɡ
*slɯɡ
*slɯɡ
*slɯɡ

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  (nose) +  (heart) – to breath (life) through one’s nose. Note that this uses the older meaning of , as “nose”, rather than “self”.

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *m-sak (breath; life; to breathe).

This etymology is incomplete. You can help Wiktionary by elaborating on the origins of this term.

Pronunciation[edit]

simp. and trad.

Note:
  • Xiamen, Quanzhou, Taiwan:
    • sek - literary;
    • sit - vernacular.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ɕi⁵⁵/
Harbin /ɕi²¹³/
Tianjin /ɕi²¹/
/ɕi⁵³/
Jinan /ɕi²¹³/
Qingdao /si⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /si²⁴/
Xi'an /ɕi²¹/
Xining /ɕji⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /ɕi¹³/
Lanzhou /ɕi¹³/
Ürümqi /ɕi²¹³/
Wuhan /ɕi²¹³/
Chengdu /ɕi³¹/
Guiyang /ɕi²¹/
Kunming /ɕi³¹/
Nanjing /siʔ⁵/
Hefei /ɕiəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /ɕiəʔ²/
Pingyao /ɕiʌʔ¹³/
Hohhot /ɕiəʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /ɕiɪʔ⁵/
Suzhou /siəʔ⁵/
Hangzhou /ɕiəʔ⁵/
Wenzhou /sei²¹³/
Hui Shexian /siʔ²¹/
Tunxi /si⁵/
Xiang Changsha /si²⁴/
Xiangtan /si²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /ɕiʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /sit̚¹/
Taoyuan /sit̚²²/
Cantonese Guangzhou /sek̚⁵/
Nanning /ɬek̚⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /sik̚⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /sik̚³²/
/sit̚³²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /sɛiʔ²³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /si²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /sek̚²/
Haikou (Min Nan) /tek̚⁵/ 利~

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (16)
Final () (134)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/sɨk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/sɨk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/siek̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/sik̚/
Li
Rong
/siək̚/
Wang
Li
/sĭək̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/si̯ək̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
xi
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 13332
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*slɯɡ/
Notes
Definitions[edit]

  1. to breathe; to pant
  2. to sigh; to blow
  3. to stop; to subside; to cease
  4. to put a stop to; to stop
  5. to rest; to have a rest
  6. to grow; to develop
  7. to calm down; to appease
  8. breath; life
  9. one's own children
  10. interest; dividends
  11. message; news

Pronunciation 2[edit]

simp. and trad.
alt. forms Cantonese; Hakka
Hakka

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing
Harbin
Tianjin
Jinan
Qingdao
Zhengzhou
Xi'an
Xining
Yinchuan
Lanzhou
Ürümqi
Wuhan
Chengdu
Guiyang
Kunming
Nanjing
Hefei
Jin Taiyuan
Pingyao
Hohhot
Wu Shanghai
Suzhou
Hangzhou
Wenzhou
Hui Shexian
Tunxi
Xiang Changsha
Xiangtan
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian /set̚¹/
Taoyuan
Cantonese Guangzhou /sɐk̚⁵/
Nanning /ɬɐk̚⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /sɐk̚⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan)
Fuzhou (Min Dong)
Jian'ou (Min Bei)
Shantou (Min Nan)
Haikou (Min Nan) /tit̚⁵/ 曾孫
Definitions[edit]

  1. (Cantonese, Hakka, Hainanese, Leizhou Min) great-grandchild
Synonyms[edit]
Dialectal synonyms of 曾孫 (“great-grandson; great-grandchild”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 曾孫曾孫子
Mandarin Beijing 曾孫兒
Taiwan 曾孫
Harbin 重孫子重孫兒
Jinan 重孫重孫子
Muping 重孫子
Luoyang 重孫子
Jiedian 重孫
Xi'an 重孫
Xining 重孫子
Xuzhou 重孫兒重孫曾孫兒曾孫四世孫兒四世孫
Yinchuan 重孫子
Lanzhou 重孫男重孫
Ürümqi 重孫子
Wuhan 重孫子重孫
Chengdu 灰灰兒
Guiyang 重孫孫重孫
Guilin 重孫子
Liuzhou 息子重孫息崽
Yangzhou 重孫子
Nanjing 重重重孫
Nantong 重孫兒
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Shunde
Zhongshan
Dongguan
Hong Kong (Weitou)
Taishan
Doumen
Kaiping
Shaoguan
Yunfu 息仔
Xinyi
Lianjiang 息仔
Nanning 息仔
Wuzhou
Yulin
Hepu 曾孫
Kuala Lumpur
Gan Nanchang 曾孫子曾孫
Lichuan 曾孫崽曾孫
Pingxiang 曾孫
Hakka Meixian 息仔
Xingning 息哩
Huidong 息仔
Qujiang 息子
Xiaosanjiang 息仔
Luchuan 重孫
Changting 息嫲哩
Pingyu 息子
Wuping 息嫲子
Liancheng 息哩
Yudu 曾孫息孫
Ruijin 曾孫
Shicheng 玄孫
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 息仔息嫲
Liudui (S. Sixian) 息仔息嫲
Hsinchu (Hailu) 息仔息嫲
Dongshi (Dabu) 息嫲
Zhuolan (Raoping) 息仔息嫲
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 曾孫玄孫
Hong Kong
Sabah 息仔
Senai
Singkawang 息孫
Huizhou Jixi 重孫
Jin Taiyuan 重孫子
Xinzhou 重孫
Min Bei Jian'ou 息仔
Min Dong Fuzhou 曾孫
Min Nan Xiamen 橄欖孫
Quanzhou 橄欖孫
Zhangzhou 橄欖孫
Taipei 橄欖孫
Kaohsiung 橄欖孫
Tainan 橄欖孫
Taichung 橄欖孫
Wuqi 橄欖孫
Hsinchu 橄欖孫
Taitung 橄欖孫
Lukang 橄欖孫
Yilan 橄欖孫
Magong 橄欖孫
Penang 橄欖孫
Pingnan 息仔
Chaozhou 重孫
Johor Bahru 橄欖孫
Haikou 妰𡝃息
Leizhou
Pinghua Nanning 孫息息仔重孫仔
Guilin 重孫子
Wu Shanghai 曾孫
Suzhou 玄孫
Hangzhou 重孫
Wenzhou 玄孫
Chongming 玄孫
Danyang 重孫
Jinhua 玄孫
Ningbo 重孫
Xiang Changsha 曾孫子
Loudi 曾孫
Quanzhou 重孫息崽
Note † - distinguishes male gender from gender-neutral term

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see .
(This character, , is the second-round simplified form of .)
Notes:

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. breath
  2. live
  3. give birth
  4. nurture
  5. spread, multiply
  6. rest
  7. come to an end

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Kanji in this term
いき
Grade: 3
kun’yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana いき, rōmaji iki)

  1. breath
     (いき)をする
    iki o suru
    breathe

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(sik) (hangeul , revised sik, McCune-Reischauer sik, Yale sik)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Okinawan[edit]

Kanji[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with mainland Japanese (iki).

Noun[edit]

(hiragana いーち, romaji īchi)

  1. breath

Compounds[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tức)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.