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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
息-bw.png

Etymology[edit]

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  ‎(nose) +  ‎(heart) – to breath (life) through one’s nose. Note that this uses the older meaning of 自, as “nose”, rather than “self”.

Han character[edit]

(radical 61 +6, 10 strokes, cangjie input 竹山心 (HUP), four-corner 26330, composition)

  1. rest, put stop to, end, cease
  2. breath

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ɕi⁵⁵/
Harbin /ɕi²¹³/
Tianjin /ɕi²¹/
/ɕi⁵³/
Jinan /ɕi²¹³/
Qingdao /si⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /si²⁴/
Xi'an /ɕi²¹/
Xining /ɕji⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /ɕi¹³/
Lanzhou /ɕi¹³/
Ürümqi /ɕi²¹³/
Wuhan /ɕi²¹³/
Chengdu /ɕi³¹/
Guiyang /ɕi²¹/
Kunming /ɕi³¹/
Nanjing /siʔ⁵/
Hefei /ɕiəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /ɕiəʔ²/
Pingyao /ɕiʌʔ¹³/
Hohhot /ɕiəʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /ɕiɪʔ⁵/
Suzhou /siəʔ⁵/
Hangzhou /ɕiəʔ⁵/
Wenzhou /sei²¹³/
Hui Shexian /siʔ²¹/
Tunxi /si⁵/
Xiang Changsha /si²⁴/
Xiangtan /si²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /ɕiʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /sit̚¹/
Taoyuan /sit̚²²/
Cantonese Guangzhou /sek̚⁵/
Nanning /ɬek̚⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /sik̚⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /sik̚³²/
/sit̚³²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /sɛiʔ²³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /si²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /sek̚²/
Haikou (Min Nan) /tek̚⁵/ 利~
/tit̚⁵/ 曾孫
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (16)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/sɨk̚/ /si̯ək̚/ /siək̚/ /sɨk̚/ /sik̚/ /sĭək̚/ /siek̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ sik › /*sək/ breathe
‹ sik › /*sək/ 安息 Ānxī (Iranian country in the western regions, W. Hàn; from Aršaka = Arsaces, founder of the Arsacid dynasty)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
13332 0 /*slɯɡ/ 說文自亦聲

Definitions[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. breath
  2. live
  3. give birth
  4. nurture
  5. spread, multiply
  6. rest
  7. come to an end

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Kanji in this term
いき
Grade: 3
kun'yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana いき, romaji iki)

  1. breath

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(sik) (hangeul , revised sik, McCune-Reischauer sik, Yale sik)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 385, character 20
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 10601
  • Dae Jaweon: page 717, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2291, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+606F

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tức)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.