Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
U+606F, 息
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-606F

[U+606E]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6070]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
10 strokes

Han character[edit]

(radical 61, +6, 10 strokes, cangjie input 竹山心 (HUP), four-corner 26330, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 385, character 20
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 10601
  • Dae Jaweon: page 717, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 4, page 2291, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+606F

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  (nose) +  (heart) – to breath (life) through one’s nose. Note that this uses the older meaning of , as “nose”, rather than “self”.

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *m-sak (breath; life; to breathe). Cognate with Jingpho sa' (to breathe), Burmese အသက် (a.sak).

This etymology is incomplete. You can help Wiktionary by elaborating on the origins of this term.

Pronunciation[edit]

simp. and trad.


Note:
  • Xiamen, Quanzhou, Taiwan:
    • sek/siak - literary;
    • sit - vernacular.
  • (Teochew)
  • Wu
  • Xiang

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /ɕi⁵⁵/
    Harbin /ɕi²¹³/
    Tianjin /ɕi²¹/
    /ɕi⁵³/
    Jinan /ɕi²¹³/
    Qingdao /si⁵⁵/
    Zhengzhou /si²⁴/
    Xi'an /ɕi²¹/
    Xining /ɕji⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /ɕi¹³/
    Lanzhou /ɕi¹³/
    Ürümqi /ɕi²¹³/
    Wuhan /ɕi²¹³/
    Chengdu /ɕi³¹/
    Guiyang /ɕi²¹/
    Kunming /ɕi³¹/
    Nanjing /siʔ⁵/
    Hefei /ɕiəʔ⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /ɕiəʔ²/
    Pingyao /ɕiʌʔ¹³/
    Hohhot /ɕiəʔ⁴³/
    Wu Shanghai /ɕiɪʔ⁵/
    Suzhou /siəʔ⁵/
    Hangzhou /ɕiəʔ⁵/
    Wenzhou /sei²¹³/
    Hui Shexian /siʔ²¹/
    Tunxi /si⁵/
    Xiang Changsha /si²⁴/
    Xiangtan /si²⁴/
    Gan Nanchang /ɕiʔ⁵/
    Hakka Meixian /sit̚¹/
    Taoyuan /sit̚²²/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /sek̚⁵/
    Nanning /ɬek̚⁵⁵/
    Hong Kong /sik̚⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /sik̚³²/
    /sit̚³²/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /sɛiʔ²³/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /si²⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /sek̚²/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /tek̚⁵/ 利~

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (16)
    Final () (134)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /sɨk̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /sɨk̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /siek̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /sik̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /siək̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /sĭək̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /si̯ək̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    xi
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ sik › ‹ sik ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*sək/ /*sək/
    English breathe 安息 Ānxī (Iranian country in the western regions, W. Hàn; from Aršaka = Arsaces, founder of the Arsacid dynasty)

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 13332
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*slɯɡ/
    Notes

    Definitions[edit]

    1. to breathe; to pant
    2. to sigh; to blow
    3. to stop; to subside; to cease
    4. to put a stop to; to stop
    5. to rest; to have a rest
    6. to grow; to develop
    7. to calm down; to appease
    8. breath; life
    9. one's own children
    10. interest; dividends
    11. message; news

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    simp. and trad.
    alternative forms Cantonese; Hakka
    Hakka

    Pronunciation[edit]



    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing
    Harbin
    Tianjin
    Jinan
    Qingdao
    Zhengzhou
    Xi'an
    Xining
    Yinchuan
    Lanzhou
    Ürümqi
    Wuhan
    Chengdu
    Guiyang
    Kunming
    Nanjing
    Hefei
    Jin Taiyuan
    Pingyao
    Hohhot
    Wu Shanghai
    Suzhou
    Hangzhou
    Wenzhou
    Hui Shexian
    Tunxi
    Xiang Changsha
    Xiangtan
    Gan Nanchang
    Hakka Meixian /set̚¹/
    Taoyuan
    Cantonese Guangzhou /sɐk̚⁵/
    Nanning /ɬɐk̚⁵⁵/
    Hong Kong /sɐk̚⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan)
    Fuzhou (Min Dong)
    Jian'ou (Min Bei)
    Shantou (Min Nan)
    Haikou (Min Nan) /tit̚⁵/ 曾孫

    Definitions[edit]

    1. (Cantonese, Hakka, Hainanese, Leizhou Min) great-grandchild
    Synonyms[edit]

    Etymology 3[edit]

    For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“to extinguish; to go out; to turn off; to switch off”).
    (This character, , is the second-round simplified form of .)
    Notes:

    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. breath
    2. live
    3. give birth
    4. nurture
    5. spread, multiply
    6. rest
    7. come to an end

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    いき
    Grade: 3
    kun’yomi

    (This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (いき) (iki

    1. breath
      (いき)をする
      iki o suru
      breathe

    See also[edit]

    References[edit]

    1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (eumhun (swil sik))

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Okinawan[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    Readings[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    Cognate with Japanese (iki).

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana いーち, romaji īchi)

    1. breath

    Derived terms[edit]

    • 一息 (ちゅいーち, chuīchi, a single breath, puff; a pause; a small effort)

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (tức)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.