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U+606F, 息
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-606F

[U+606E]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6070]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
10 strokes

Han character[edit]

(radical 61, +6, 10 strokes, cangjie input 竹山心 (HUP), four-corner 26330, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 385, character 20
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 10601
  • Dae Jaweon: page 717, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2291, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+606F

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*slɯɡ
*slɯɡ
*slɯɡ
*slɯɡ
*slɯɡ
*slɯɡ

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  (nose) +  (heart) – to breath (life) through one’s nose. Note that this uses the older meaning of , as “nose”, rather than “self”.

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *m-sak (breath; life; to breathe). Cognate with Jingpho sa' (to breathe), Burmese အသက် (a.sak).

This etymology is incomplete. You can help Wiktionary by elaborating on the origins of this term.

Pronunciation[edit]

simp. and trad.

Note:
  • Xiamen, Quanzhou, Taiwan:
    • sek/siak - literary;
    • sit - vernacular.
  • (Teochew)
  • Wu
  • Xiang

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /ɕi⁵⁵/
    Harbin /ɕi²¹³/
    Tianjin /ɕi²¹/
    /ɕi⁵³/
    Jinan /ɕi²¹³/
    Qingdao /si⁵⁵/
    Zhengzhou /si²⁴/
    Xi'an /ɕi²¹/
    Xining /ɕji⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /ɕi¹³/
    Lanzhou /ɕi¹³/
    Ürümqi /ɕi²¹³/
    Wuhan /ɕi²¹³/
    Chengdu /ɕi³¹/
    Guiyang /ɕi²¹/
    Kunming /ɕi³¹/
    Nanjing /siʔ⁵/
    Hefei /ɕiəʔ⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /ɕiəʔ²/
    Pingyao /ɕiʌʔ¹³/
    Hohhot /ɕiəʔ⁴³/
    Wu Shanghai /ɕiɪʔ⁵/
    Suzhou /siəʔ⁵/
    Hangzhou /ɕiəʔ⁵/
    Wenzhou /sei²¹³/
    Hui Shexian /siʔ²¹/
    Tunxi /si⁵/
    Xiang Changsha /si²⁴/
    Xiangtan /si²⁴/
    Gan Nanchang /ɕiʔ⁵/
    Hakka Meixian /sit̚¹/
    Taoyuan /sit̚²²/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /sek̚⁵/
    Nanning /ɬek̚⁵⁵/
    Hong Kong /sik̚⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /sik̚³²/
    /sit̚³²/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /sɛiʔ²³/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /si²⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /sek̚²/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /tek̚⁵/ 利~

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (16)
    Final () (134)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /sɨk̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /sɨk̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /siek̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /sik̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /siək̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /sĭək̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /si̯ək̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    xi
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ sik › ‹ sik ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*sək/ /*sək/
    English breathe 安息 Ānxī (Iranian country in the western regions, W. Hàn; from Aršaka = Arsaces, founder of the Arsacid dynasty)

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 13332
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*slɯɡ/
    Notes

    Definitions[edit]

    1. to breathe; to pant
    2. to sigh; to blow
    3. to stop; to subside; to cease
    4. to put a stop to; to stop
    5. to rest; to have a rest
    6. to grow; to develop
    7. to calm down; to appease
    8. breath; life
    9. one's own children
    10. interest; dividends
    11. message; news

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    simp. and trad.
    variant forms Cantonese; Hakka
    Hakka

    Pronunciation[edit]


    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing
    Harbin
    Tianjin
    Jinan
    Qingdao
    Zhengzhou
    Xi'an
    Xining
    Yinchuan
    Lanzhou
    Ürümqi
    Wuhan
    Chengdu
    Guiyang
    Kunming
    Nanjing
    Hefei
    Jin Taiyuan
    Pingyao
    Hohhot
    Wu Shanghai
    Suzhou
    Hangzhou
    Wenzhou
    Hui Shexian
    Tunxi
    Xiang Changsha
    Xiangtan
    Gan Nanchang
    Hakka Meixian /set̚¹/
    Taoyuan
    Cantonese Guangzhou /sɐk̚⁵/
    Nanning /ɬɐk̚⁵⁵/
    Hong Kong /sɐk̚⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan)
    Fuzhou (Min Dong)
    Jian'ou (Min Bei)
    Shantou (Min Nan)
    Haikou (Min Nan) /tit̚⁵/ 曾孫

    Definitions[edit]

    1. (Cantonese, Hakka, Hainanese, Leizhou Min) great-grandchild
    Synonyms[edit]
    Dialectal synonyms of 曾孫 (“great-grandson; great-grandchild”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 曾孫曾孫子
    Mandarin Beijing 曾孫兒
    Taiwan 曾孫
    Harbin 重孫子重孫兒
    Jinan 重孫重孫子
    Muping 重孫子
    Luoyang 重孫子
    Jiedian 重孫
    Xi'an 重孫
    Xining 重孫子
    Xuzhou 重孫兒重孫曾孫兒曾孫四世孫兒四世孫
    Yinchuan 重孫子
    Lanzhou 重孫男重孫
    Ürümqi 重孫子
    Wuhan 重孫子重孫
    Chengdu 灰灰兒
    Guiyang 重孫孫重孫
    Guilin 重孫子
    Liuzhou 息子重孫息崽
    Yangzhou 重孫子
    Nanjing 重重重孫
    Nantong 重孫兒
    Cantonese Guangzhou
    Hong Kong
    Shunde
    Zhongshan
    Dongguan
    Hong Kong (Weitou)
    Doumen (Shangheng Tanka)
    Taishan
    Kaiping
    Shaoguan
    Yunfu 息仔
    Xinyi
    Lianjiang 息仔
    Nanning 息仔
    Wuzhou
    Yulin
    Hepu 曾孫
    Kuala Lumpur
    Gan Nanchang 曾孫子曾孫
    Lichuan 曾孫崽曾孫
    Pingxiang 曾孫
    Hakka Meixian 息仔
    Xingning 息哩
    Huidong 息仔
    Qujiang 息子
    Xiaosanjiang 息仔
    Luchuan 重孫
    Changting 息嫲哩
    Pingyu 息子
    Wuping 息嫲子
    Liancheng 息哩
    Yudu 曾孫息孫
    Ruijin 曾孫
    Shicheng 玄孫
    Miaoli (N. Sixian) 息仔息嫲
    Liudui (S. Sixian) 息仔息嫲
    Hsinchu (Hailu) 息仔息嫲
    Dongshi (Dabu) 息嫲
    Hsinchu (Raoping) 息仔息嫲
    Yunlin (Zhao'an) 曾孫玄孫
    Hong Kong
    Sabah 息仔
    Senai
    Singkawang 息孫
    Huizhou Jixi 重孫
    Jin Taiyuan 重孫子
    Xinzhou 重孫
    Min Bei Jian'ou 息仔
    Min Dong Fuzhou 曾孫
    Min Nan Xiamen 橄欖孫
    Quanzhou 橄欖孫
    Zhangzhou 橄欖孫
    Taipei 橄欖孫
    Kaohsiung 橄欖孫
    Tainan 橄欖孫
    Taichung 橄欖孫
    Wuqi 橄欖孫
    Hsinchu 橄欖孫
    Taitung 橄欖孫
    Lukang 橄欖孫
    Yilan 橄欖孫
    Magong 橄欖孫
    Penang 橄欖孫
    Philippines (Manila) 橄欖孫
    Pingnan 息仔
    Chaozhou 重孫
    Johor Bahru 橄欖孫
    Haikou 妰𡝃息
    Leizhou
    Pinghua Nanning 孫息息仔重孫仔
    Guilin 重孫子
    Wu Shanghai 曾孫
    Suzhou 玄孫
    Hangzhou 重孫
    Wenzhou 玄孫
    Chongming 玄孫
    Danyang 重孫
    Jinhua 玄孫
    Ningbo 重孫
    Xiang Changsha 曾孫子
    Loudi 曾孫
    Quanzhou 重孫息崽
    Note † - distinguishes male gender from gender-neutral term

    Etymology 3[edit]

    For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“to extinguish; to go out”).
    (This character, , is the second-round simplified form of .)
    Notes:

    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. breath
    2. live
    3. give birth
    4. nurture
    5. spread, multiply
    6. rest
    7. come to an end

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    いき
    Grade: 3
    kun’yomi
    EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana いき, rōmaji iki)

    1. breath
       (いき)をする
      iki o suru
      breathe

    See also[edit]

    References[edit]

    1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (sik) (hangeul , revised sik, McCune–Reischauer sik, Yale sik)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Okinawan[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    Cognate with mainland Japanese (iki).

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana いーち, romaji īchi)

    1. breath

    Compounds[edit]


    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (tức)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.