Reconstruction:Proto-Sino-Tibetan/siŋ ~ sik

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This Proto-Sino-Tibetan entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



  • Proto-Sino-Tibetan: *siŋ (Chou, 1972), *sying (Coblin, 1986)
    • Proto-Tibeto-Burman: *siŋ ⪤ *sik (Matisoff, STEDT); *siŋ(*B) (Chou, 1972); *siŋ (Weidert, 1987; LaPolla, 1987; Benedict, 1972)

This etymon may be cognate with PST *s-riŋ ~ s-r(j)aŋ‎ (live, alive, green); possible links are Chinese and Written Burmese သစ် (sac) (both "new"), both homophonic with the reflexes below in the respective languages.


*siŋ ~ sik

  1. tree
  2. wood


  • Old Chinese: ("firewood"), ("to fell, to lumber") /*sin/ (B-S); /*siŋ/ (ZS) ("firewood")
    • Middle Chinese: , /siɪn/
      • Modern Mandarin
        • Beijing: , (xīn, /ɕin⁵⁵/)
  • Tangut-Qiang
    • Northern Tangut
      • Tangut: 𘖹 (lhə, /*ɬə⁵⁵ ~ ɬə³⁵/, plane (for carpentry))
  • Himalayish
    • Tibeto-Kanauri
      • Bodic
        • Tibetan
          • Written Tibetan: ཤིང (shing, tree, wood)
  • Lolo-Burmese-Naxi
    • Lolo-Burmese
      • Burmish
        • Written Burmese: သစ် (sac, log, timber; lumber, wood)

See also[edit]