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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 140 +13, 19 strokes, cangjie input 廿卜木中 (TYDL), four-corner 44921, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1062, character 9
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 32149
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1526, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3306, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+85AA

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *siŋ): semantic  + phonetic  ‎(OC *siŋ).

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *siŋ ~ sik ‎(wood). Cognate with Tibetan ཤིང ‎(shing, tree, wood) and Burmese သစ် ‎(sac, log, timber, wood). Compare its phonetic component (OC *siŋ, “new”) and Burmese သစ် ‎(sac, new).

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (16)
Final () (43)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/siɪn/
Pan
Wuyun
/sin/
Shao
Rongfen
/sjen/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/sin/
Li
Rong
/siĕn/
Wang
Li
/sĭĕn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/si̯ĕn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
xīn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
xīn
Middle
Chinese
‹ sin ›
Old
Chinese
/*[s]i[n]/
English firewood

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 13812
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*siŋ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. firewood; fuelwood; brushwood
    釜底抽  ―  fǔdǐchōuxīn  ―  to extract the firewood from under the cauldron; to take drastic measures to deal with a situation [idiom]
  2. salary; wage
      ―  yuèxīn  ―  monthly salary

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(sin) (hangeul , revised sin, McCune-Reischauer sin, Yale sin)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tân, huy)

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