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See also: Bonus



From Latin bonus ‎(good).



bonus ‎(plural bonuses)

  1. Something extra that is good.
  2. An extra sum given as a premium, e.g. to an employee.
    • 2013 June 22, “Engineers of a different kind”, in The Economist, volume 407, number 8841, page 70:
      Private-equity nabobs bristle at being dubbed mere financiers. [] Much of their pleading is public-relations bluster. Clever financial ploys are what have made billionaires of the industry’s veterans. “Operational improvement” in a portfolio company has often meant little more than promising colossal bonuses to sitting chief executives if they meet ambitious growth targets. That model is still prevalent today.
    The employee of the week receives a bonus for his excellent work.
  3. (uncountable, basketball) One or more free throws awarded to a team when the opposing team has accumulated enough fouls.

Derived terms[edit]


The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.


bonus ‎(third-person singular simple present bonuses, present participle bonusing, simple past and past participle bonused)

  1. (transitive) To pay a bonus, premium




Borrowed from Latin bonus ‎(good).



bonus m ‎(plural bonussen or boni, diminutive bonusje n)

  1. A bonus, an extra or premium
  2. (by extension) Any one-off gain
  3. Good marks in a rating scale, notably to calculate an insurance premium dependent on the number of accidents

Derived terms[edit]




  1. A bonus (something extra)
  2. A bonus (extra payment to an employee)


Inflection of bonus (Kotus type 39/vastaus, no gradation)
nominative bonus bonukset
genitive bonuksen bonusten
partitive bonusta bonuksia
illative bonukseen bonuksiin
singular plural
nominative bonus bonukset
accusative nom. bonus bonukset
gen. bonuksen
genitive bonuksen bonusten
partitive bonusta bonuksia
inessive bonuksessa bonuksissa
elative bonuksesta bonuksista
illative bonukseen bonuksiin
adessive bonuksella bonuksilla
ablative bonukselta bonuksilta
allative bonukselle bonuksille
essive bonuksena bonuksina
translative bonukseksi bonuksiksi
instructive bonuksin
abessive bonuksetta bonuksitta
comitative bonuksineen




bonus m ‎(uncountable)

  1. premium
  2. bonus



bonus m ‎(invariable)

  1. A bonus (all senses)



From Old Latin duenos, later duonus, from Proto-Italic *dwenos, from Proto-Indo-European *dew- ‎(to show favor, revere). Some relate it to Ancient Greek δέος ‎(déos), whence δεινός ‎(deinós), δειλός ‎(deilós). Compare the change from duellum to bellum ‎(war).



bonus m ‎(feminine bona, neuter bonum, comparative melior, superlative optimus); first/second declension

  1. good, honest, brave, noble, kind, pleasant
  2. right
  3. useful
  4. valid
  5. healthy


First/second declension.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
nominative bonus bona bonum bonī bonae bona
genitive bonī bonae bonī bonōrum bonārum bonōrum
dative bonō bonō bonīs
accusative bonum bonam bonum bonōs bonās bona
ablative bonō bonā bonō bonīs
vocative bone bona bonum bonī bonae bona

This adjective has irregular comparative and superlative degrees.

  • comparative: melior ‎(better), superlative: optimus ‎(best)

Derived terms[edit]


Related terms[edit]


bonus m ‎(genitive bonī); second declension

  1. A good, moral, honest or brave man
  2. A gentleman


Second declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative bonus bonī
genitive bonī bonōrum
dative bonō bonīs
accusative bonum bonōs
ablative bonō bonīs
vocative bone bonī

Derived terms[edit]


  • Friulian: bon
  • Galician: bo
  • Istro-Romanian: bur
  • Italian: buono
  • Occitan: bon
  • Old Portuguese: bõo
  • Old Provençal: bon

External links[edit]

  • bonus” in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879.


  • bonus” in Félix Gaffiot (1934), Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Paris: Hachette.
  • Meissner, Carl; Auden, Henry William (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to be robust, vigorous: bonis esse viribus
    • who gets the advantage from this? who is the interested party: cui bono?
    • moral science; ethics: philosophia, in qua de bonis rebus et malis, deque hominum vita et moribus disputatur
    • to have good lungs: bonis lateribus esse
    • to be brave, courageous: bono animo esse
    • (ambiguous) to possess means, to be well off: rem or opes habere, bona possidere, in bonis esse
    • to be very rich: opibus, divitiis, bonis, facultatibus abundare
    • to drive a person out of house and home: evertere aliquem bonis, fortunis patriis
    • disinherited: exheres paternorum bonorum (De Or. 1. 38. 175)
    • the aristocracy (as a party in politics): boni cives, optimi, optimates, also simply boni (opp. improbi); illi, qui optimatium causam agunt
    • justly and equitably: ex aequo et bono (Caecin. 23. 65)
    • (ambiguous) to meet with good weather: tempestatem idoneam, bonam nancisci
    • (ambiguous) to enjoy good health: bona (firma, prospera) valetudine esse or uti (vid. sect. VI. 8., note uti...)
    • (ambiguous) to reward amply; to give manifold recompense for: bonam (praeclaram) gratiam referre
    • (ambiguous) to have a good or bad reputation, be spoken well, ill of: bona, mala existimatio est de aliquo
    • (ambiguous) to be gifted, talented (not praeditum esse by itself): bona indole (always in sing.) praeditum esse
    • (ambiguous) he is a young man of great promise: adulescens alios bene de se sperare iubet, bonam spem ostendit or alii de adulescente bene sperare possunt
    • (ambiguous) to take a thing in good (bad) part: in bonam (malam) partem accipere aliquid
    • (ambiguous) to be brave, courageous: bonum animum habere
    • (ambiguous) to consider virtue the highest good: summum bonum in virtute ponere
    • (ambiguous) natural advantages: naturae bona
    • (ambiguous) to recover one's reason, be reasonable again: ad bonam frugem se recipere
    • (ambiguous) may heaven's blessing rest on it: quod bonum, faustum, felix, fortunatumque sit! (Div. 1. 45. 102)
    • (ambiguous) to bless (curse) a person: precari alicui bene (male) or omnia bona (mala), salutem
    • (ambiguous) to possess means, to be well off: rem or opes habere, bona possidere, in bonis esse
    • (ambiguous) to squander all one's property: lacerare bona sua (Verr. 3. 70. 164)
    • (ambiguous) to confiscate a person's property: bona alicuius publicare (B. G. 5. 54)
    • (ambiguous) to restore to a person his confiscated property: bona alicui restituere
    • (ambiguous) allow me to say: bona (cum) venia tua dixerim



bonus m ‎(plural bonus)

  1. bonus