optimus

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Latin[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From root op in ops.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Classical) IPA(key): /ˈop.ti.mus/, [ˈɔp.tɨ.mʊs], [ˈɔp.tʉ.mʊs]
  • (file)

Adjective[edit]

optimus ‎(superlative of bonus)

  1. best; very good
    Hic mundus perfectissimus est etiam mundorum possibilium omnium optimus

Inflection[edit]

First/second declension.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
nominative optimus optima optimum optimī optimae optima
genitive optimī optimae optimī optimōrum optimārum optimōrum
dative optimō optimō optimīs
accusative optimum optimam optimum optimōs optimās optima
ablative optimō optimā optimō optimīs
vocative optime optima optimum optimī optimae optima

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • bonus” in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879.
  • optimus” in Félix Gaffiot (1934), Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Paris: Hachette.
  • Meissner, Carl; Auden, Henry William (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to wish prosperity to an undertaking: aliquid optimis ominibus prosequi (vid. sect. VI. 11., note Prosequi...)
    • an ideal: species optima or eximia, specimen, also simply species, forma
    • Plato's ideal republic: civitas optima, perfecta Platonis
    • the sciences; the fine arts: optima studia, bonae, optimae, liberales, ingenuae artes, disciplinae
    • to be interested in, have a taste for culture: optimarum artium studio incensum esse
    • to have received a liberal education: optimis studiis or artibus, optimarum artium studiis eruditum esse
    • at the time of a most satisfactory government: optima re publica
    • the aristocracy (as a party in politics): boni cives, optimi, optimates, also simply boni (opp. improbi); illi, qui optimatium causam agunt
    • with full right: optimo iure
    • to have a good case: causam optimam habere (Lig. 4. 10)
    • legitimately; with the fullest right: optimo iure (cf. summo iure, sect. XV. 1).
    • (ambiguous) to deserve well at some one's hands; to do a service to..: bene, praeclare (melius, optime) mereri de aliquo
    • (ambiguous) my dear father: pater optime or carissime, mi pater (vid. sect. XII. 10)
    • (ambiguous) to hope well of a person: bene, optime (meliora) sperare de aliquo (Nep. Milt. 1. 1)
    • (ambiguous) to have the good of the state at heart: bene, optime sentire de re publica
  • optimum in The Century Dictionary, The Century Co., New York, 1911