Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/h₁epi

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Would be locative case of *h₁eps (from *h₁ep-), which could mean "back", with the "on" sense referring to pack animals or riding.

Adverb[edit]

*h₁epi

  1. on, at, near

Derived terms[edit]

  • *h₁epi-ro-
    • Proto-Celtic: *eɸirom

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Albanian:
    • Albanian: mbi (Tosk)
    • Albanian: mby, Albanian: my (Gheg)
  • Armenian:
    • Old Armenian: եւ (ew)
  • Balto-Slavic:
  • Proto-Germanic: *bi (see there for further descendants)
  • Proto-Hellenic: *epí
  • Proto-Indo-Iranian: *Hápi (or < *h₁ópi) (see there for further descendants)

Further reading[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ John Chadwick; Lydia Baumbach (1963) , “The Mycenaean Greek Vocabulary”, in Glotta : Zeitschrift für griechische und lateinische Sprache, volume 41, issue 3/4, Göttingen, Germany: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht (GmbH & Co. KG), JSTOR 40265918, OCLC 905264035, pages 157–271: “ὀπι-”
  2. ^ Buck, Carl (1904) A grammar of Oscan and Umbrian, Ginn & Co, page 208
  3. ^ John Chadwick; Lydia Baumbach (1963) , “The Mycenaean Greek Vocabulary”, in Glotta : Zeitschrift für griechische und lateinische Sprache, volume 41, issue 3/4, Göttingen, Germany: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht (GmbH & Co. KG), JSTOR 40265918, OCLC 905264035, pages 157–271: “ἐπί”