apud

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin apud ‎(in the writings of)

Preposition[edit]

apud

  1. Used in scholarly works to cite a reference at second hand
    Jones apud Smith means that the original source is Jones, but that the author is relying on Smith for that reference.

Translations[edit]


Esperanto[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Latin apud.

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

apud

  1. near
    • 1910, L. L. Zamenhof, "Proverbaro Esperanta":
      Apud propra domo ŝtelisto ne ŝtelas.
      A thief doesn't steal near their own house.
  2. next to, beside, alongside, adjacent to
    • 1910, L. L. Zamenhof, "Proverbaro Esperanta":
      Apud plena manĝotablo ĉiu estas tre afabla.
      Next to a full table of food, everyone is very friendly.

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

  • cis ‎(on this side of)
  • trans ‎(across, on the other side of)

Ido[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Esperanto apud, from Latin apud.

Preposition[edit]

apud

  1. next to, beside, by, immediate vicinity
    La glaso es apud la krucho.
    The glass is next to the picher.

Derived terms[edit]

  • apuda ‎(adjacent, near, neighboring)
  • apude ‎(adjacently)

Synonyms[edit]

  • an ‎(at, on (indicates contiguity, juxtaposition))
  • che ‎(at, in, to)

Antonym[edit]

  • for ‎(far from, away from)

Interlingua[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

apud

  1. next to; together with

Latin[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Connected with Sanskrit अपि ‎(ápi), Ancient Greek ἐπί ‎(epí), and Latin ad, old form ar, thus its strict meaning would be "on to", "unto". Confer Latin ob.

Preposition[edit]

apud (+accusative)

  1. at, by, near, among
    • 405, Jerome and others, Vulgate, Ioannes 1:1
      In principio erat Verbum et Verbum erat apud Deum et Deus erat Verbum.
      In the beginning was the Word and the Word was by God and God was the word.
    • Pliny the Elder
      Libros...natos apud me..
      [These] books [that] I have completed (completed by me).
  2. chez (at the house of)
  3. before, in the presence of, in the writings of, in view of

Descendants[edit]

  • Catalan: amb
  • Occitan: amb
  • Old Provençal: ab
  • Old French: od

References[edit]

  • apud” in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879.

Portuguese[edit]

Preposition[edit]

apud

  1. apud (introduces an indirect citation)