Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/-teros

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Suffix[edit]

*-teros

  1. Contrastive or oppositional adjectival suffix.

Usage notes[edit]

In Proto-Indo-European, X-teros meant "one which is especially X", "one which is more X than other things", "one which is X as opposed to something else". Compare:

In some daughters the suffix was grammaticalized as the marker of a comparative degree in adjectives:

In some daughters it attracted various pronominal adjectives (determiners), i.e. words meaning "other":

or possessives:

Inflection[edit]

Thematic
masculine feminine
nominative *-teros *-tereh₂
genitive *-terosyo *-tereh₂s
masculine singular dual plural
nominative *-teros *-teroh₁ *-teroes
vocative *-tere *-teroh₁ *-teroes
accusative *-terom *-teroh₁ *-teroms
genitive *-terosyo *? *-terooHom
ablative *-teread *? *-teromos
dative *-teroey *? *-teromos
locative *-terey, *-teroy *? *-teroysu
instrumental *-teroh₁ *? *-terōys
feminine singular dual plural
nominative *-tereh₂ *-tereh₂h₁(e) *-tereh₂es
vocative *-tereh₂ *-tereh₂h₁(e) *-tereh₂es
accusative *-terām *-tereh₂h₁(e) *-tereh₂m̥s
genitive *-tereh₂s *? *-tereh₂oHom
ablative *-tereh₂s *? *-tereh₂mos
dative *-tereh₂ey *? *-tereh₂mos
locative *-tereh₂, *-tereh₂i *? *-tereh₂su
instrumental *-tereh₂h₁ *? *-tereh₂bʰi
neuter singular dual plural
nominative *-terom *-teroy(h₁) *-tereh₂
vocative *-terom *-teroy(h₁) *-tereh₂
accusative *-terom *-teroy(h₁) *-tereh₂
genitive *-terosyo *? *-terooHom
ablative *-teread *? *-teromos
dative *-teroey *? *-teromos
locative *-terey, *-teroy *? *-teroysu
instrumental *-teroh₁ *? *-terōys

Derived terms[edit]


Descendants[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]