ap-

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Latvian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *h₁epi, *h₁opi[1]

Prefix[edit]

ap-

  1. Usually found on verbs (and their derived nouns or adjectives) with the meaning 'around' or 'about' (like German um- or Russian об- (ob-)).

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Derksen, Rick (2015) , “apie”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Baltic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 13), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 58

Lithuanian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *h₁epi, *h₁opi[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Prefix[edit]

ap-

  1. (with verbs or verbal nouns)
    1. Movement around something; circum-
    2. Action takes on many objects
    3. Action sets something/someone apart from others
    4. Smallness of an action
    5. Outdoing, defeat or the conquer over someone/something
    6. Unsuccessful result of an action
    7. Significance of the end of an action
  2. (with nouns)
    1. Abstract concepts connected to some action
    2. Place/thing around something
    3. Approximate/estimated time
    4. Person with a small/unimpressive amount of some quality
  3. (with adjectives)
    1. Possession of qualities connected with orientation or demeanor
    2. In some dialects, describes the possession of incomplete qualities
  4. (with verbs, nouns, adjectives, adverbs, prepositions) Various meanings, generally specific to the nature of the word in question, can be derived

References[edit]

  1. ^ Derksen, Rick (2015) , “apie”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Baltic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 13), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 58