gentleman

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See also: Gentleman

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has articles on:
Wikipedia

Etymology[edit]

Morphologically gentle +‎ man, calque of French gentilhomme.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈdʒɛn.təl.mən/
  • (General American) IPA(key): [ˈdʒɛɾ̃.ɫ̩.mən]
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  • Hyphenation: gentle‧man

Noun[edit]

gentleman (plural gentlemen)

  1. (chiefly historical) A man of gentle but not noble birth, particularly a man of means (originally ownership of property) who does not work for a living but has no official status in a peerage; (Britain law) an armiferous man ranking below a knight.
    Being a gentleman, Robert was entitled to shove other commoners into the gongpit but he still had to jump out of the way of the knights to avoid the same fate himself.
    • 1918, W. B. Maxwell, chapter 7, in The Mirror and the Lamp:
      “[…] This is Mr. Churchill, who, as you are aware, is good enough to come to us for his diaconate, and, as we hope, for much longer; and being a gentleman of independent means, he declines to take any payment.” Saying this Walden rubbed his hands together and smiled contentedly.
  2. Any well-bred, well-mannered, or charming man.
    • 1898, Winston Churchill, chapter 8, in The Celebrity:
      I corralled the judge, and we started off across the fields, in no very mild state of fear of that gentleman's wife, whose vigilance was seldom relaxed.
    • 1915, G[eorge] A. Birmingham [pseudonym; James Owen Hannay], chapter I, in Gossamer, New York, N.Y.: George H. Doran Company, OCLC 5661828:
      As a political system democracy seems to me extraordinarily foolish, []. My servant is, so far as I am concerned, welcome to as many votes as he can get. [] I do not suppose that it matters much in reality whether laws are made by dukes or cornerboys, but I like, as far as possible, to associate with gentlemen in private life.
    • 2011, Pappas, Mike, Growing Up the Greek Way in the Big Apple, page 103:
      She wanted to go see a movie called Gigi, which I was not too thrilled about. But being a gentleman, I bit my tongue and said, “Okay.”
  3. (derogatory) An effeminate or oversophisticated man.
    Synonyms: cockney, puss-gentleman, sissy; see also Thesaurus:effeminate man
    Well, la-di-da, aren't you just a proper gentleman?
  4. (polite term of address) Any man.
    Synonym: sahib
    Coordinate terms: lady, gentlewoman, gentlelady (historical)
    Please escort this gentleman to the gentlemen's room.
  5. (usually historical, sometimes derogatory) An amateur or dabbler in any field, particularly those of independent means.
    Synonym: dilettante
    • 2004, Woods, Mary N., “The First Professional: Benjamin Henry Latrobe”, in Keith L. Eggener, editor, American Architectural History: A Contemporary Reader, electronic edition, Routledge, →ISBN, page 119:
      Latrobe had extensive dealings with Jefferson, the most prominent gentleman-architect in the United States.
  6. (cricket) An amateur player, particularly one whose wealth permits him to forego payment.
    Coordinate terms: professional, player (historical)

Usage notes[edit]

Although gentleman is used in reference to a man and gentlemen is used as a polite form of address to a group of men, it is more common to directly address a single gentleman as sir.

Derived terms[edit]

Terms derived from gentleman

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Translations[edit]


Chinese Pidgin English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English gentleman.

Noun[edit]

gentleman

  1. A respectful term for a person of either sex: gentleman, lady
    • 1862, T‘ong Ting-Kü, Ying Ü Tsap T’sün, or The Chinese and English Instructor, volume 4, Canton, page 39:
      希郎温毡地文'託其
      Hei1 long4 wan1 zin1 dei6 man4 tok3 kei4.
      He is talking with a gentleman.
      (literally, “He long one gentleman talkee.”)

References[edit]

  • Gow, W. S. P. (1924) Gow’s Guide to Shanghai, 1924: A Complete, Concise and Accurate Handbook of the City and District, Especially Compiled for the Use of Tourists and Commercial Visitors to the Far East, Shanghai, page 105: “Gentleman: does not always indicate the male sex. e.g. “outside have got two piece gentleman, one belong missee.” (Lunde.)”

French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English gentleman.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

gentleman m (plural gentlemen or gentlemans)

  1. gentleman, especially an anglophone one

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Noun[edit]

gentleman m (plural gentlemen)

  1. British gentleman