fidalgo

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See also: Fidalgo

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Portuguese fidalgo. See hidalgo.

Noun[edit]

fidalgo (plural fidalgos or fidalgoes)

  1. (archaic) The lowest title of nobility in Portugal, corresponding to that of hidalgo in Spain.

Part or all of this entry has been imported from the 1913 edition of Webster’s Dictionary, which is now free of copyright and hence in the public domain. The imported definitions may be significantly out of date, and any more recent senses may be completely missing.
(See the entry for fidalgo in
Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.)


Galician[edit]

O Fidalgo ("The Nobleman"), Xesús San Luís, 1925

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Galician and Old Portuguese fidalgo, either a borrowing or a calque from Old Spanish fidalgo, shortened form from fi'd'algo (literally son of wealth).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

fidalgo m (plural fidalgos)

  1. (historical) the lowest rank of the nobility in the Kingdom of Galicia, corresponding to that of hidalgo in Castille.
    • 1348, E. Cal Pardo (ed.), Colección diplomática medieval do arquivo da catedral de Mondoñedo. Santiago: Consello da Cultura Galega, page 147:
      o dito Johan Fernandes de Bolanno commo homme fillodalgo feso menage enna mao de Fernan Peres de Çepeda por lo dito castello asy commo fase fidalgo a fidalgo
      the aforementioned Xoán Fernandez de Bolaño, as a nobleman, did homage to Fernán Pérez de Cepeda, because of the mentioned castle, as a nobleman does to another nobleman
    • 1417, M. Lucas Álvarez & P. Lucas Domínguez (eds.), El monasterio de San Clodio do Ribeiro en la Edad Media: estudio y documentos. Sada / A Coruña: Edicións do Castro (Publicacións do Seminario de Estudios Galegos), page 585:
      que se el acordaua que vyra morar en a dita granja et pousa da Torre escudeyros et omes fidalgos et vilaaos, et que nunca eles nin alguos deles pagaron pedidos ne moedas ni outros trabutos alguus aos Reys de Castela.
      [...] that he remembered how he saw squires and noblemen and villeins dwelling in that farm and inn of the tower, and that never them or any of them paid petitions or taxes or any tribute to the Kings of Castille

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • fidalgo” in Dicionario de Dicionarios do galego medieval, SLI - ILGA 2006-2012.
  • fidalgo” in Xavier Varela Barreiro & Xavier Gómez Guinovart: Corpus Xelmírez - Corpus lingüístico da Galicia medieval. SLI / Grupo TALG / ILG, 2006-2016.
  • fidalgo” in Dicionario de Dicionarios da lingua galega, SLI - ILGA 2006-2013.
  • fidalgo” in Tesouro informatizado da lingua galega. Santiago: ILG.

Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Portuguese fidalgo, shortened from fillo (son) d' (of) algo (something, property, wealth). Compare Spanish hidalgo (Old Spanish fidalgo).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): (Brazil) /fiˈdaw.ɡu/, [fiˈdaʊ̯.ɡu]
  • IPA(key): (Portugal) /fiˈdal.ɡu/, [fiˈðaɫ.ɣu]

Noun[edit]

fidalgo m (plural fidalgos)

  1. nobleman

Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Spanish fidalgo, from Old Spanish fijo d'algo.

Noun[edit]

fidalgo m (plural fidalgos)

  1. Obsolete spelling of hidalgo