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U+54B3, 咳
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-54B3

[U+54B2]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+54B4]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 30, +6, 9 strokes, cangjie input 口卜女人 (RYVO), four-corner 60082, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 187, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3555
  • Dae Jaweon: page 406, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 622, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+54B3

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kɯː
*kɯː
*kɯː
*kɯː
*kɯː, *ɡɯː
*kɯː, *krɯː
*kɯː
*kɯː
*kɯː, *ɡrɯːʔ
*kɯː
*kɯː
*kɯː, *kʰɯː, *ɡɯːʔ, *ɡrɯːʔ
*kɯː
*kɯːʔ, *ɡɯː
*kʰɯː
*kʰɯːʔ
*kʰɯːɡs, *qraːds
*ŋɡɯːɡs
*ŋɡɯːɡs
*qʰɯː, *ɡɯː
*ɡɯː
*ɡɯːʔ
*ɡɯːɡs, *kʰrɯːɡs, *ɡɯːɡ
*krɯː
*kʰrɯːɡs
*ɡrɯː
*ɡrɯːʔ
*kʰɯːɡ
*qɯːɡ
*ɡuːd, *ɡrɯːɡ

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note: koi3 - rare variant.
Note:
  • kai - literary;
  • ka - vernacular.
Note:
  • hai6 - literary;
  • ga1 - vernacular.

BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
kài
Middle
Chinese
‹ khojH ›
Old
Chinese
/*kʰˁək-s/
English cough

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.

Definitions[edit]

  1. to cough
    辛苦 [Cantonese]  ―  kat1 dou3 hou2 san1 fu2 [Jyutping]  ―  painfully cough
    /   ―  chū yī kǒu xiě lái  ―  to cough up a mouthful of blood
  2. cough
Synonyms[edit]
Dialectal synonyms of 咳嗽 (“to cough”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese ,
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 咳嗽
Mandarin Beijing 咳嗽
Taiwan 咳嗽
Harbin 咳嗽
Shenyang 咳嗽
Hailar 咳嗽
Ulanhot 咳嗽
Tongliao 咳嗽
Chifeng 咳嗽
Bayanhot 咳嗽
Jinan 咳嗽
Muping 咳嗽
Luoyang 咳嗽
Wanrong 咳嗽
Xi'an 咳嗽
Zhengzhou 咳嗽
Xining 咳嗽
Xuzhou 咳嗽
Yinchuan 咳嗽
Lanzhou 咳嗽,
Ürümqi 咳嗽
Wuhan ,
Huanggang
Chengdu 咳嗽
Guiyang 咳嗽
Liuzhou 咳嗽
Kunming 咳嗽
Yangzhou , 咳嗽
Nanjing 咳嗽
Hefei 咳嗽
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Hong Kong (San Tin Weitou) 咳嗽
Foshan
Shunde
Zhongshan (Shiqi)
Doumen (Shangheng Tanka)
Taishan
Kaiping (Chikan)
Dongguan
Shaoguan , 咳嗽
Yunfu 咳瘕
Yangjiang
Xinyi
Lianjiang
Kuala Lumpur
Gan Nanchang , 咳嗽
Hakka Meixian 咳嗽
Yudu
Miaoli (N. Sixian) , 咳嗽
Liudui (S. Sixian) , 咳嗽
Hsinchu (Hailu) , 咳嗽
Dongshi (Dabu) , 咳嗽
Hsinchu (Raoping) , 咳嗽
Yunlin (Zhao'an) , 咳嗽
Hong Kong
Senai
Huizhou Jixi 咳嗽, ,
Jin Taiyuan 咳嗽
Xinzhou 咳嗽
Baochang 咳嗽
Jining 咳嗽
Hohhot 咳嗽
Baotou 咳嗽
Dongsheng 咳嗽
Linhe 咳嗽
Haibowan 咳嗽
Min Bei Jian'ou 咳嗽
Min Dong Fuzhou , 空嗽
Changle 空嗽
Fuqing
Yongtai 空嗽
Gutian
Fu'an
Ningde
Shouning
Zhouning
Fuding
Min Nan Xiamen 咁嗽, 咳嗽,
Quanzhou 咁嗽
Zhangzhou 咁嗽, 咳嗽
Yilan , 咳嗽
Penang , 咳嗽, 峇啅
Chaozhou 咳嗽
Johor Bahru 咳嗽
Haikou 咳嗽
Leizhou 咳嗽
Puxian Min Putian 瘕咆
Xianyou 瘕咆
Pinghua Nanning (Tingzi)
Wu Shanghai 咳嗽
Suzhou 咳嗽,
Wuxi 咳嗽
Hangzhou , 咳嗽
Wenzhou , 咳嗽
Chongming 咳嗽
Danyang 咳嗽
Jinhua 咳嗽,
Tangxi
Ningbo , , 咳嗽
Xiang Changsha 咳嗽,
Shuangfeng 𠻞
Loudi 𠻞

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. sound of sighing

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 3[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (33)
Final () (41)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦʌi/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦəi/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣɒi/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦəj/
Li
Rong
/ɣᴀi/
Wang
Li
/ɣɒi/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɣɑ̆i/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
hái
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 4825
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡɯː/

Definitions[edit]

  1. (of infant) to laugh; to cackle
  2. Alternative form of (hái, “child; infant”).
  3. interjection for sighing or order
  4. Alternative form of (, “to be cut off from”).

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana せき, rōmaji seki)

  1. a cough
     (せき) ()
    seki ga deru
    I have a cough.

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(hae) (hangeul )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(cay, hãy, hỡi, khái, gay, gây)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

References[edit]