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U+54B3, 咳
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-54B3

[U+54B2]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+54B4]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 30, +6, 9 strokes, cangjie input 口卜女人 (RYVO), four-corner 60082, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 187, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3555
  • Dae Jaweon: page 406, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 622, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+54B3

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *qʰɯː, *ɡɯː): semantic + phonetic (OC *ɡɯːʔ).

Pronunciation 1[edit]

simp. and trad.
alternative forms


Note: koi3 - rare variant.
Note:
  • kai - literary;
  • ka - vernacular.
Note:
  • hai6 - literary;
  • ga1 - vernacular.

BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
kài
Middle
Chinese
‹ khojH ›
Old
Chinese
/*kʰˁək-s/
English cough

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.

Definitions[edit]

  1. to cough
    辛苦 [Cantonese]  ―  kat1 dou3 hou2 san1 fu2 [Jyutping]  ―  painfully cough
    /   ―  chū yī kǒu xiě lái  ―  to cough up a mouthful of blood
  2. cough
Synonyms[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]

simp. and trad.


Definitions[edit]

  1. sound of sighing

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 3[edit]

simp. and trad.



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (33)
Final () (41)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦʌi/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦəi/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣɒi/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦəj/
Li
Rong
/ɣᴀi/
Wang
Li
/ɣɒi/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɣɑ̆i/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
hái
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 4825
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡɯː/

Definitions[edit]

  1. (of infant) to laugh; to cackle
  2. Alternative form of (hái, “child; infant”).
  3. interjection for sighing or order
  4. Alternative form of (, “to be cut off from”).

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Noun[edit]

(せき) (seki

  1. a cough
    (せき)()
    seki ga deru
    I have a cough.

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(hae) (hangeul )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

: Hán Nôm readings: cay, hãy, hỡi, khái, gay, gây

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

References[edit]