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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  + 

Han character[edit]

(radical 38 +6, 9 strokes, cangjie input 戈竹一女 (IHMV), four-corner 53200, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 261, character 24
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 6259
  • Dae Jaweon: page 527, character 27
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1404, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+5A01

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]

Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /uei⁵⁵/
Harbin /uei⁴⁴/
Tianjin /vei²¹/
Jinan /vei²¹³/
Qingdao /ve²¹³/
Zhengzhou /uei²⁴/
Xi'an /uei²¹/
Xining /uɨ⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /vei⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /vei³¹/
Ürümqi /vei⁴⁴/
Wuhan /uei⁵⁵/
Chengdu /uei⁵⁵/
Guiyang /uei⁵⁵/
Kunming /uei⁴⁴/
Nanjing /uəi³¹/
Hefei /ue²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /vei¹¹/
Pingyao /uei¹³/
Hohhot /vei³¹/
Wu Shanghai /ue⁵³/
Suzhou /ue̞⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /ʔui³³/
Wenzhou /v̠u³³/
Hui Shexian /ue³¹/
Tunxi /ue¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /uei³³/
Xiangtan /uəi³³/
Gan Nanchang /ui⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /vi⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /vui²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /wɐi⁵³/
Nanning /wɐi⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /wɐi⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /ui⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /uoi⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /y⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /ui³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ui²³/
/ui³⁵/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (34)
Final: (21)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Closed
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: wēi
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔʉi/ /ʔʷɨi/ /ʔiuəi/ /ʔuj/ /ʔiuəi/ /ĭwəi/ /ʔwe̯i/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
wēi ‹ ʔjwɨj › /*ʔuj/ awe-inspiring

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
12789 2 /*qul/

Definitions[edit]

  1. pomp, power
  2. powerful, majestic
  3. dominate

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

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Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

  • 威風 (ifū): majesty, dignity
  • 威容 (iyō): dignified appearance
  • 威儀 (igi): dignity, dignified manner
  • 威信 (ishin): prestige, dignity
  • 威圧 (iatsu): coercion, high-handedness
  • 威嚇 (ikaku): intimidate, threaten
  • 脅威 (kyōi): threat, menace

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(wi) (hangeul , revised wi, McCune-Reischauer wi)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(uy, oai, thanh)

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