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U+5A01, 威
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5A01

[U+5A00]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5A02]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 38 +6, 9 strokes, cangjie input 戈竹一女 (IHMV), four-corner 53200, composition)

  1. pomp, power
  2. powerful, majestic
  3. dominate

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 261, character 24
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 6259
  • Dae Jaweon: page 527, character 27
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1404, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+5A01

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
威-bronze.svg 威-bigseal.svg 威-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*qruːl
*qul
*qul
*qul
*qul
*qul
*qul

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  + .

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /uei⁵⁵/
Harbin /uei⁴⁴/
Tianjin /vei²¹/
Jinan /vei²¹³/
Qingdao /ve²¹³/
Zhengzhou /uei²⁴/
Xi'an /uei²¹/
Xining /uɨ⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /vei⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /vei³¹/
Ürümqi /vei⁴⁴/
Wuhan /uei⁵⁵/
Chengdu /uei⁵⁵/
Guiyang /uei⁵⁵/
Kunming /uei⁴⁴/
Nanjing /uəi³¹/
Hefei /ue²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /vei¹¹/
Pingyao /uei¹³/
Hohhot /vei³¹/
Wu Shanghai /ue⁵³/
Suzhou /ue̞⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /ʔui³³/
Wenzhou /v̠u³³/
Hui Shexian /ue³¹/
Tunxi /ue¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /uei³³/
Xiangtan /uəi³³/
Gan Nanchang /ui⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /vi⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /vui²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /wɐi⁵³/
Nanning /wɐi⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /wɐi⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /ui⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /uoi⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /y⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /ui³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ui²³/
/ui³⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (34)
Final () (21)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʔʉi/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʔʷɨi/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔiuəi/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʔuj/
Li
Rong
/ʔiuəi/
Wang
Li
/ĭwəi/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔwe̯i/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
wēi
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
wēi
Middle
Chinese
‹ ʔjwɨj ›
Old
Chinese
/*ʔuj/
English awe-inspiring

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 12789
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qul/

Definitions[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. intimidate

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

  • 威風 (ifū): majesty, dignity
  • 威容 (iyō): dignified appearance
  • 威儀 (igi): dignity, dignified manner
  • 威信 (ishin): prestige, dignity
  • 威圧 (iatsu): coercion, high-handedness
  • 威嚇 (ikaku): intimidate, threaten
  • 脅威 (kyōi): threat, menace

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(wi) (hangeul , revised wi, McCune-Reischauer wi)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(uy, oai, thanh)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.