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See also: and
U+71D2, 燒
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-71D2

[U+71D1]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+71D3]

Translingual[edit]

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Han character[edit]

(radical 86, +12, 16 strokes, cangjie input 火土土山 (FGGU), four-corner 94811, composition)

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 683, character 8
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 19420
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1095, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2231, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+71D2

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.
variant forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script
燒-silk.svg 燒-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*hŋaːw, *rŋaːw, *rnaːwʔ
*rŋaːw
*rŋaːw
*rŋaːws, *ŋjew
*ŋ̊ʰreːw, *ŋreːws, *ŋ̊ʰeːwʔ
*ŋ̊ʰreːw
*hŋreːw
*hŋreːw, *ŋeːws
*hŋjew, *hŋjaws
*ŋjew, *ŋjaws
*ŋjew, *ʔŋew
*ŋjew
*ŋjew
*ŋjewʔ, *ŋjaws
*ŋjewʔ
*njewʔ, *neːwʔ, *hŋeːws
*ŋ̊ʰew, *ŋ̊ʰews
*ŋ̊ʰew
*ɡew, *ɡews
*ŋkeːw, *ŋeːws
*ŋkeːw
*kŋeːwʔ, *ŋeːw
*ŋeːw
*ŋeːw
*ŋeːw
*ŋeːws
*hŋeːw, *hŋeːwʔ
*hŋeːw
*hŋeːw
*hŋeːwʔ
*hŋeːwʔ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *hŋjew, *hŋjaws): semantic  (fire) + phonetic  (OC *ŋeːw).

Etymology[edit]

From (OC *ŋjew, “firewood; fuel”) with causative devoicing (Schuessler, 2007).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • sio - vernacular;
  • siau - literary.
Note:
  • siê1 - Chaozhou;
  • sio1 - Shantou.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    Initial () (26) (26)
    Final () (91) (91)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open Open
    Division () III III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɕiᴇu/ /ɕiᴇuH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɕiɛu/ /ɕiɛuH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ɕjæu/ /ɕjæuH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ɕiaw/ /ɕiawH/
    Li
    Rong
    /ɕiɛu/ /ɕiɛuH/
    Wang
    Li
    /ɕĭɛu/ /ɕĭɛuH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ɕi̯ɛu/ /ɕi̯ɛuH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    shāo shào
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    shāo
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ syew ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[ŋ̊]ew/
    English burn

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    No. 14666 14667
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2 1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*hŋjew/ /*hŋjaws/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. to burn
      /   ―  ránshāo  ―  to burn
    2. to heat up; to make warm
    3. to burn; to corrode
    4. to roast; to grill; to braise
      /   ―  shāoròu  ―  siu yuk
    5. to stew after frying, or to fry after stewing
    6. to cook (food)
    7. (of a fuse) to blow
    8. (medicine) to have a fever; to run a temperature
    9. (medicine) fever; temperature
    10. (colloquial) bigheaded; conceited and forgetting oneself due to having too much resources (money etc.)
      看看隔壁不知道姓什麼點兒到處 [dialectal Mandarin, trad.]
      看看隔壁不知道姓什么点儿到处 [dialectal Mandarin, simp.]
      Āiyou, nǐ kànkan. Gébì nèi shéi, shāo de dōu bùzhīdào xìng shenme le, bǎ nèi diǎnr qián dàochu luàn huā. [Pinyin]
      Oh, look. The neighbor you-know-who, has lost clearheadedness to keep the money, spends that a little money on everywhere.
    11. (Central Plains Mandarin, Lanyin Mandarin, Gan, Hakka, Jin, Min Nan, Min Bei) hot (having a high temperature)
      / [Teochew]  ―  sio1 zui2 [Peng'im]  ―  hot water
    12. (Cantonese) to set off (firecrackers, fireworks, etc.)
      炮仗 / 炮仗 [Cantonese]  ―  siu1 paau3 zoeng6-2 [Jyutping]  ―  to set off firecrackers
      煙花 / 烟花 [Cantonese]  ―  siu1 jin1 faa1 [Jyutping]  ―  to set off fireworks
    13. (Cantonese, electronics) to burn out
    14. (Sichuan) to smoke
    15. (Sichuan) to trick; to deceive
    16. (Sichuan) to ridicule; to roast
    17. (Min Nan) hot; having a high temperature

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Shinjitai

    Kyūjitai

    Kanji[edit]

    (“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for nameskyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Readings[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (so) (hangeul , revised so, McCune–Reischauer so, Yale so)

    1. to burn
    2. fire

    Synonyms[edit]

    Compounds[edit]


    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (thiêu, thiu, sao)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.