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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 9 +9, 11 strokes, cangjie input 人十口大 (OJRK), four-corner 28240, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 110, character 29
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 861
  • Dae Jaweon: page 236, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 186, character 18
  • Unihan data for U+505A

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Etymology[edit]

Colloquial form of the departing-tone variant of (MC t͡sɑH, “to do”), to differentiate from the checked-tone variant (now represented by ). Loss of checked codas in Mandarin has resulted in homophony of the two.

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡suo⁵¹/
Harbin /t͡suo⁵³/
Tianjin /t͡sou⁵³/
/t͡suo⁵³/
Jinan /t͡suə²¹/
/t͡sou²¹/ ~飯
Qingdao /t͡suə⁴²/
/t͡sou⁴²/
Zhengzhou /t͡su³¹²/
Xi'an /t͡su⁴⁴/
Xining /t͡ɕy²¹³/
Yinchuan /t͡suə¹³/
Lanzhou /t͡su¹³/
Ürümqi /t͡su²¹³/
Wuhan /t͡səu³⁵/
Chengdu /t͡su¹³/
Guiyang /t͡su²¹³/
/t͡səu²¹³/
Kunming /t͡so²¹²/
Nanjing /t͡so⁴⁴/
Hefei /t͡sʊ⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡suəʔ²/
Pingyao /t͡suʌʔ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡suəʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /t͡su³⁵/
Suzhou /t͡səu⁵¹³/
Hangzhou /t͡so⁴⁴⁵/
Wenzhou /t͡sɤu⁴²/
Hui Shexian /t͡so³²⁴/
Tunxi /t͡so⁴²/
Xiang Changsha /t͡səu⁵⁵/
Xiangtan /t͡səɯ⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /t͡su⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /t͡so⁵³/
Taoyuan /t͡so⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sou²²/
Nanning /t͡su³³/
Hong Kong /t͡sou²²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡so²¹/
/t͡sue²¹/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sɔ²¹²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sa³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡so²¹³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /to⁵⁵/

Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 18069
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ʔsaːɡs/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. to do; to perform
    什麼 / 什么  ―  Nǐ zài zuò shénme?  ―  What are you doing?
    乜嘢 [Guangzhou Cantonese, trad.]
    乜嘢 [Guangzhou Cantonese, simp.]
    Nei5 zou6 gan2 mat1 je5 aa3? [Jyutping]
    What are you doing?
  2. to make; to produce
  3. to become
  4. to give (a party, a reception)
  5. to be (a role)
    /   ―  zuòzéi  ―  to thieve
      ―  zuò  ―  to be a guest/visitor
  6. (euphemistic) to make love

Synonyms[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic ():

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(ju, ja) (hangeul , , revised ju, ja, McCune-Reischauer chu, cha)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tố)

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