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U+35CE, 㗎
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-35CE

[U+35CD]
CJK Unified Ideographs Extension A
[U+35CF]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 30, +9, 12 strokes, cangjie input 口大口木 (RKRD), composition)

References[edit]


Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic (mouth; vernacular) + phonetic .

Etymology 1[edit]

simp. and trad.
alternative forms nonstandard
o架 nonstandard

𡃉

Contraction of (ge3, “affirmative sentence-final particle”) + (aa3, “sentence-final particle softening a statement/question”) (Matthews and Yip, 2011).

Pronunciation[edit]


Definitions[edit]

(Cantonese)

  1. Sentence-final particle that marks emphasis or surprise.
    [Cantonese]  ―  gam3 seoi1 gaa3! [Jyutping]  ―  That's awful!
  2. Sentence-final particle used in a question seeking information or confirmation.
    唔係 / 唔系 [Cantonese]  ―  hai6 m4 hai6 zan1 gaa3? [Jyutping]  ―  Is that true?

Etymology 2[edit]

simp. and trad.
alternative forms nonstandard
o架 nonstandard

Contraction of (ge3, “affirmative sentence-final particle”) + (aa4, “sentence-final particle expressing disapproval, doubt or surprise”) (Matthews and Yip, 2011).

Pronunciation[edit]

Definitions[edit]

(Cantonese)

  1. Sentence-final particle used in a question seeking confirmation.
    真係 / 真系 [Cantonese]  ―  zan1 hai6 gaa4? [Jyutping]  ―  Really?
  2. Sentence-final particle used in a rhetorical question.
    / [Cantonese]  ―  nei5 dong1 ngo5 so4 gaa4? [Jyutping]  ―  You think I am dumb?

Etymology 3[edit]

simp. and trad.
alternative forms nonstandard
o架 nonstandard
𠿪

Contraction of (ge3, “affirmative sentence-final particle”) + (aa1, “sentence-final particle in a lively sentence”) (Matthews and Yip, 2011).

Pronunciation[edit]

Definitions[edit]

(Cantonese)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.
    理由 [Cantonese, trad.]
    理由 [Cantonese, simp.]
    mou5 lei5 jau4 keoi5 wui5 tau1 je5 gaa2. [Jyutping]
    No way would he steal.
    邀請 [Cantonese, trad.]
    邀请 [Cantonese, simp.]
    nei5 jiu3 jiu1 cing2 jan4 sin1 wui5 jau5 jan4 lai4 gaa2. [Jyutping]
    You have to invite people for people to come.

Etymology 4[edit]

simp. and trad.
alternative forms

Two theories:

  • From the common Japanese particle (ka).
  • From the second syllable of Japanese 馬鹿(ばか) (baka, fool; idiot), used by Japanese soldiers during the Sino–Japanese War.

Pronunciation[edit]

Definitions[edit]

  1. (Cantonese, derogatory, ethnic slur, attributive) Japanese; Jap

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(eumhun 음역자 (eumyeokja ga))

  1. a transliteration sinogram