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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 9 +11, 13 strokes, cangjie input 人竹金水 (OHCE), four-corner 26247, composition)

  1. foolish, silly, stupid
  2. an imbecile

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 115, character 6
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1034
  • Dae Jaweon: page 245, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 212, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+50BB

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]

Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʂa²¹⁴/
Harbin /ʂa²¹³/
Tianjin /ʂɑ¹³/
/sɑ¹³/
Jinan /ʂa⁵⁵/
Qingdao /ʃa⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /ʂa⁵³/
Xi'an /ʂa⁵³/
Xining /ʂa²⁴/
Yinchuan /ʂa⁵³/
Lanzhou /ʂa⁴⁴²/
Ürümqi /ʂa⁵¹/
Wuhan /sa²¹³/
Chengdu /sa⁵⁵/
Guiyang /sa⁴²/
Kunming /ʂa̠⁵³/
Nanjing /ʂɑ²¹²/
Hefei /ʂa²⁴/
Jin Taiyuan /sa⁵³/
Pingyao /ʂɑ⁵³/
Hohhot /sa⁵³/
Wu Shanghai /sa³⁵/
Suzhou /sɑ⁵¹/
Hangzhou /sɑ⁵³/
Wenzhou /sa³⁵/
Hui Shexian /sa³⁵/
Tunxi /sa³¹/
Xiang Changsha /sa⁴¹/
Xiangtan /sɒ⁴²/
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian
Taoyuan
Cantonese Guangzhou /sɔ²¹/
Nanning /ɬɔ²¹/
Hong Kong /sɔ²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /sa⁵³/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /sa⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /sa⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /sa³⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /so³¹/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: (21)
Final:
Division: II

Openness: Closed
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʃɣuaX/ /ʂwaX/ /ʃuaX/ /ʃʷɯaX/ /ʂwaɨX/ /ʃwaX/ /ʃuaX/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: (21)
Final:
Division: II

Openness: Closed
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʃɣuaH/ /ʂwaH/ /ʃuaH/ /ʃʷɯaH/ /ʂwaɨH/ /ʃwaH/ /ʃuaH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
11040 0 /*sqʰʷraːʔ/
11041 0 /*sqʰʷraːs/

Adjective[edit]

  1. foolish

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

  • (chǔn, “stupid”)

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(sa) (hangeul , revised sa, McCune-Reischauer sa)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(xọa, xoạ, xoe)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.