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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 9 +11, 13 strokes, cangjie input 人竹金水 (OHCE), four-corner 26247, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 115, character 6
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1034
  • Dae Jaweon: page 245, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 212, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+50BB

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]

Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʂa²¹⁴/
Harbin /ʂa²¹³/
Tianjin /ʂɑ¹³/
/sɑ¹³/
Jinan /ʂa⁵⁵/
Qingdao /ʃa⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /ʂa⁵³/
Xi'an /ʂa⁵³/
Xining /ʂa²⁴/
Yinchuan /ʂa⁵³/
Lanzhou /ʂa⁴⁴²/
Ürümqi /ʂa⁵¹/
Wuhan /sa²¹³/
Chengdu /sa⁵⁵/
Guiyang /sa⁴²/
Kunming /ʂa̠⁵³/
Nanjing /ʂɑ²¹²/
Hefei /ʂa²⁴/
Jin Taiyuan /sa⁵³/
Pingyao /ʂɑ⁵³/
Hohhot /sa⁵³/
Wu Shanghai /sa³⁵/
Suzhou /sɑ⁵¹/
Hangzhou /sɑ⁵³/
Wenzhou /sa³⁵/
Hui Shexian /sa³⁵/
Tunxi /sa³¹/
Xiang Changsha /sa⁴¹/
Xiangtan /sɒ⁴²/
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian
Taoyuan
Cantonese Guangzhou /sɔ²¹/
Nanning /ɬɔ²¹/
Hong Kong /sɔ²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /sa⁵³/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /sa⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /sa⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /sa³⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /so³¹/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: (21)
Final: (99)
Tone: Rising (X)

Openness: Closed
Division: II
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: shuǎ
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʃɣuaX/ /ʃʷɯaX/ /ʃuaX/ /ʂwaɨX/ /ʃuaX/ /ʃwaX/ /ʂwaX/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: (21)
Final: (99)
Tone: Departing (H)

Openness: Closed
Division: II
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: shuà
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʃɣuaH/ /ʃʷɯaH/ /ʃuaH/ /ʂwaɨH/ /ʃuaH/ /ʃwaH/ /ʂwaH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
11040 0 /*sqʰʷraːʔ/
11041 0 /*sqʰʷraːs/

Definitions[edit]

  1. foolish; silly; stupid
  2. stupid person; fool; idiot

Synonyms[edit]

Dialectal synonyms of ("stupid")
Variety Location Words
Mandarin Beijing
Taiwan
Tianjin
Xi'an
Wuhan
Chengdu
Yangzhou 木足
Hefei
Cantonese Guangzhou
Yangjiang
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian
Jin Taiyuan 二不楞
Min Dong Fuzhou
Min Nan Xiamen
Wu Shanghai
Suzhou
Wenzhou
Xiang Changsha
Shuangfeng

See also[edit]

  • (chǔn, “stupid”)

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(sa) (hangeul , revised sa, McCune-Reischauer sa)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(xọa, xoạ, xoe)

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