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U+5192, 冒
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5192

[U+5191]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5193]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 13, +7, 9 strokes, cangjie input 日月山 (ABU), four-corner 60600, composition (J) or ⿱ (GTKV))

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]


Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alt. forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
冒-bronze.svg 冒-silk.svg 冒-seal.svg 冒-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*mɯɡs, *muːʔ, *muːɡs, *muːɡ
*muːɡs
*muːɡs, *mɯːɡ
*muːɡs
*muːɡs, *mɯːɡs, *muːɡ
*m̥ʰuŋs
*mɯːɡ, *muːɡ, *muːɡ
*muːɡ, *muɡ
*hmoɡ
*hmoɡ

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  (hat) +  (eyes).

Etymology 1[edit]

Original meaning was “to cover”.

Sino-Tibetan. Schuessler (2007) connects it with Proto-Sino-Tibetan *muːŋ ~ r/s-muːk (sky, clouds, fog, dark, covered), whence Burmese မိုး (mui:, sky; rain; to hold something over the head; roof), Tibetan མུ (mu), དམུ (dmu), རྨུ (rmu), སྨུ (smu, (archaic) sky).

Derivative: (OC *muːɡs, “hat”).

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (4)
Final () (89)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/mɑuH/
Pan
Wuyun
/mɑuH/
Shao
Rongfen
/mɑuH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/mawH/
Li
Rong
/mɑuH/
Wang
Li
/mɑuH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/mɑuH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
mào
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
mào
Middle
Chinese
‹ mawH ›
Old
Chinese
/*mˤuk-s/
English covering

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 8916
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*muːɡs/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to cover
  2. cloth used to dress a corpse; sack for corpses
  3. to wear a hat
  4. Original form of (mào, “hat”).
  5. to pretend to be
      ―  jiǎmào  ―  fake
      ―  màomíng  ―  to go under someone else's name
  6. to risk; to brave; to face
    /   ―  màoxiǎn  ―  to adventure
      ―  mào  ―  to brave the rain
  7. bold; thoughtless; boldly
      ―  màoshī  ―  thoughtlessly
  8. to encroach on; to violate
      ―  màofàn  ―  to offend
  9. to receive; to suffer from
  10. to emit; to give off; to send out
    /   ―  màoyān  ―  to give off smoke
  11. (Mandarin) to appear; to emerge
  12. (dialectal Mandarin, of water) to boil
  13. (dialectal Mandarin, Wu) to vomit or to have diarrhoea
  14. (dialectal Mandarin) to cover rice or noodles with vegetables and meat; to put broth over noodles or rice
      ―  màocài  ―  maocai [a local dish of Sichuan]
  15. Substitute character for (mào, “to encourage”).
  16. Substitute character for (“name of a vegetable”).
  17. Original form of (mào, “ceremonial jade”).

Etymology 2[edit]

“Covetous”. Compare (OC *mɯːʔ, “to covet”).

Pronunciation[edit]


BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
mào
Middle
Chinese
‹ mawH ›
Old
Chinese
/*mˤuk-s/
English to look down on; covetous

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.

Definitions[edit]

  1. Original form of (mào, “to envy”).
  2. to be greedy for; covetous

Etymology 3[edit]

Transcription character, preserving the original pronunciation at the time of borrowing.

Pronunciation[edit]


Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (4)
Final () (131)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/mək̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/mək̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/mək̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/mək̚/
Li
Rong
/mək̚/
Wang
Li
/mək̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/mək̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 8922
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*mɯːɡ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. Only used in 冒頓冒顿 (“name of a Xiongnu chieftain”).

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. risk

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(mo, mok) (hangeul , , revised mo, mok, McCune–Reischauer mo, mok)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(mạo, mào, mẹo)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.