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U+5192, 冒
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5192

[U+5191]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5193]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 13 +7, 9 strokes, cangjie input 日月山 (ABU), four-corner 60600, composition (J) or ⿱ (GTKV))

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]


Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alt. forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
冒-bronze.svg 冒-silk.svg 冒-bigseal.svg 冒-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*mɯɡs, *muːʔ, *muːɡs, *muːɡ
*muːɡs
*muːɡs, *mɯːɡ
*muːɡs
*muːɡs, *mɯːɡs, *muːɡ
*m̥ʰuŋs
*mɯːɡ, *muːɡ, *muːɡ
*muːɡ, *muɡ
*hmoɡ
*hmoɡ

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  (hat) +  (eyes) – a hat over the eyes, not looking ahead – rash. Etymology clearer in alternative form ; in this form more closely resembles .

Etymology 1[edit]

Original meaning was “to cover”.

Sino-Tibetan. Schuessler (2007) connects it with Proto-Sino-Tibetan *muːŋ ~ r/s-muːk (sky, clouds, fog, dark, covered), whence Burmese မိုး (mui:, sky; rain; to hold something over the head; roof), Tibetan མུ (mu), དམུ (dmu), རྨུ (rmu), སྨུ (smu, (archaic) sky).

Derivative: (OC *muːɡs, “hat”).

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (4)
Final () (89)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/mɑuH/
Pan
Wuyun
/mɑuH/
Shao
Rongfen
/mɑuH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/mawH/
Li
Rong
/mɑuH/
Wang
Li
/mɑuH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/mɑuH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
mào
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
mào
Middle
Chinese
‹ mawH ›
Old
Chinese
/*mˤuk-s/
English covering

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 8916
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*muːɡs/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to cover
  2. cloth used to dress a corpse; sack for corpses
  3. to wear a hat
  4. Original form of (mào, “hat, scarf”).
  5. to pretend to be
      ―  jiǎmào  ―  fake
      ―  màomíng  ―  to go under someone else's name
  6. to risk; to brave; to face
    /   ―  màoxiǎn  ―  to adventure
      ―  mào  ―  to brave the rain
  7. bold; thoughtless; boldly
      ―  màoshī  ―  thoughtlessly
  8. to encroach on; to violate
      ―  màofàn  ―  to offend
  9. to receive; to suffer from
  10. to emit; to give off; to send out
    /   ―  màoyān  ―  to give off smoke
  11. (Mandarin) to appear; to emerge
  12. (dialectal Mandarin, of water) to boil
  13. (dialectal Mandarin, Wu) to vomit or to have diarrhoea
  14. (dialectal Mandarin) to cover rice or noodles with vegetables and meat; to put broth over noodles or rice
      ―  màocài  ―  maocai [a local dish of Sichuan]
  15. Substitute character for (“to encourage”).
  16. Substitute character for (“name of a vegetable”).
  17. Original form of (“ceremonial jade”).

Etymology 2[edit]

“Covetous”. Compare (OC *mɯːʔ, “to covet”).

Pronunciation[edit]


Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
mào
Middle
Chinese
‹ mawH ›
Old
Chinese
/*mˤuk-s/
English to look down on; covetous

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.

Definitions[edit]

  1. Original form of (“to envy”).
  2. to be greedy for; covetous

Etymology 3[edit]

Transcription character, preserving the original pronunciation at the time of borrowing.

Pronunciation[edit]


Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (4)
Final () (131)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/mək̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/mək̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/mək̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/mək̚/
Li
Rong
/mək̚/
Wang
Li
/mək̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/mək̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 8922
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*mɯːɡ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. Only used in 冒頓冒顿 (“name of a Xiongnu chieftain”).

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. risk

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(mo, mok) (hangeul , , revised mo, mok, McCune-Reischauer mo, mok)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(mạo, mào, mẹo)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.