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U+8499, 蒙
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8499

[U+8498]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+849A]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(Kangxi radical 140, +10, 13 strokes, cangjie input 廿月一人 (TBMO), four-corner 44232, composition or ⿳𫇦)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1048, character 15
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 31555
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1509, character 22
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 5, page 3271, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+8499

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
蒙-bronze-warring.svg 蒙-seal.svg 蒙-bigseal.svg

Etymology 1[edit]

trad.
simp. #
2nd round simp. 𰰡
alternative forms ⿱𫇦二 2nd round simp. (1981)

STEDT compares it to Proto-Sino-Tibetan *muːŋ ~ r/s-muːk (foggy; dark; sullen; menacing; thunder).

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note: mou5 - variant.
Note: 1'mon = ~眼睛.
Note: mung2 - only in 蒙古 (“Mongolia”).

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (4)
Final () (1)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/muŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/muŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/muŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/məwŋ/
Li
Rong
/muŋ/
Wang
Li
/muŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/muŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
méng
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
mung4
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
méng
Middle
Chinese
‹ muwng ›
Old
Chinese
/*mˁoŋ/
English cover (v.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 8969
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*moːŋ/
Definitions[edit]

  1. dodder (Cuscuta chinensis)
  2. to cover
    手帕 / 手帕  ―  yòng shǒupà méng zhù liǎn  ―  to cover one's face with a handkerchief
  3. to deceive; to hide the truth from
  4. to suffer
    /   ―  méngnàn  ―  to suffer a catastrophe
      ―  méngxiū  ―  to be ashamed
  5. (honorific) to receive (a favour)
    俯允不勝感激 [MSC, trad.]
    俯允不胜感激 [MSC, simp.]
    méng fǔyǔn, bùshèng gǎnjī. [Pinyin]
    I would be most grateful if the favour is granted.
  6. ignorant
    /   ―  méng  ―  to impart rudimentary knowledge to beginners
      ―  méngmèi  ―  ignorant; benighted
  7. fourth hexagram of the I Ching
  8. a surname.
    / [Cantonese]  ―  mung4 man4 wai5 [Jyutping]  ―  William Mong Man-wai (Hong Kong businessman)
Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. to lose consciousness
    /   ―  bǎ tā gěi dǎ mēng le  ―  to knock him out

Etymology 2[edit]

trad.
simp. #
2nd round simp. 𰰡

Pronunciation[edit]


Note: mou5 - variant.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (4)
Final () (1)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/muŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/muŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/muŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/məwŋ/
Li
Rong
/muŋ/
Wang
Li
/muŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/muŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
méng
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
mung4
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
méng
Middle
Chinese
‹ muwng ›
Old
Chinese
/*mˁoŋ/
English cover (v.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 8969
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*moːŋ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. Short for 蒙古 (Měnggǔ, “Mongolia”).
    邊界 / 边界  ―  Zhōng Měng biānjiè  ―  Sino-Mongolian border
    滿聯姻 / 联姻  ―  Mǎn Měng liányīn  ―  Intermarriage between Manchus and Mongols
Compounds[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“drizzling, misty, raining; drizzling, misty, raining”).
(This character, , is the simplified form of .)
Notes:

Etymology 4[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“honest; sincere; etc.”).
(This character, , is the simplified form of .)
Notes:

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 5[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“to cheat; to deceive; to dupe; to make a wild guess; etc.”).
(This character, , is the simplified form of .)
Notes:

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Kanji in this term
もう
Jinmeiyō
kan’yōon

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

(もう) (

  1. humble first-person personal pronoun; I, me
    • c. 1368-1375 Taiheiki (preface)
      窃採古今之変化、察安危之来由、覆而無外天之徳也。

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(eumhun 어두울 (eoduul mong))

  1. a surname

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

: Hán Nôm readings: mông, mong, mòng, mỏng, muống

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.