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U+8499, 蒙
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8499

[U+8498]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+849A]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 140 +10, 13 strokes, cangjie input 廿月一人 (TBMO), four-corner 44232, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1048, character 15
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 31555
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1509, character 22
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3271, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+8499

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
蒙-bronze.svg 蒙-bigseal.svg 蒙-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
moːŋ
moːŋ
moːŋ, *moːŋʔ
moːŋ, *moːŋs
moːŋ, *moːŋʔ
moːŋ
moːŋ
moːŋ
moːŋ, *moːŋʔ
moːŋ
moːŋ, *moːŋʔ
moːŋ
moːŋʔ

Etymology 1[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note: měng - only in 蒙古 (“Mongolia”).

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (4)
Final () (1)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/muŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/muŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/muŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/məwŋ/
Li
Rong
/muŋ/
Wang
Li
/muŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/muŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
méng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
méng
Middle
Chinese
‹ muwng ›
Old
Chinese
/*mˤoŋ/
English cover (v.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 8969
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*moːŋ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to cover
  2. to deceive; to cheat
  3. to suffer
  4. (honorific) to receive (a favour)
  5. ignorance
  6. Short for 蒙古 (měnggǔ, “Mongolia”).
  7. fourth hexagram of the I Ching
  8. A surname​.
Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see .
(This character, , is the simplified form of .)
Notes:

Etymology 3[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see .
(This character, , is the simplified form of .)
Notes:

Etymology 4[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see .
(This character, , is the simplified form of .)
Notes:

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Kanji in this term
もう
Jinmeiyō
kan’yōon

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

(hiragana もう, rōmaji )

  1. humble first-person personal pronoun; I, me
    • c. 1368-1375 Taiheiki (preface)
      窃採古今之変化、察安危之来由、覆而無外天之徳也。

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(mong) (hangeul , revised mong, McCune-Reischauer mong, Yale mong)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(mông, mong, mòng, mỏng, muống)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.