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U+5193, 冓
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5193

[U+5192]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5194]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 13, +8, 10 strokes, cangjie input 廿廿土月 (TTGB), four-corner 55557, composition𠀎)

Derived characters[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • KangXi: page 129, character 25
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1540
  • Dae Jaweon: page 291, character 16
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 100, character 17
  • Unihan data for U+5193

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script
冓-oracle.svg 冓-bronze.svg 冓-seal.svg

Ideogrammic compound (會意) – two fish () with their mouths facing each other – original script of (OC *koːs, *koːs, “to meet; to encounter”).

The erroneous interpretation of "crossly accumulated woods" given in Shuowen is a result of the corruption of the form of the character after Western Zhou.

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (28)
Final () (137)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kəuH/
Pan
Wuyun
/kəuH/
Shao
Rongfen
/kəuH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kəwH/
Li
Rong
/kuH/
Wang
Li
/kəuH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kə̯uH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
gòu
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
gòu
Middle
Chinese
‹ kuwH ›
Old
Chinese
/*kˁ(r)o-s/
English 中冓 inner chamber

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 4196
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*koːs/

Definitions[edit]

  1. Original form of (gòu, “to meet”).
  2. crossly accumulated woods
  3. Used in 內冓内冓 (“inner chamber”).

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (28)
Final () (137)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kəu/
Pan
Wuyun
/kəu/
Shao
Rongfen
/kəu/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kəw/
Li
Rong
/ku/
Wang
Li
/kəu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kə̯u/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
gōu
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 4190
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*koː/

Definitions[edit]

  1. Alternative form of (gōu, “a numeral that refers to 1032 or others”).

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. To combine, to join up, to join together, to dovetail together.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(eum (gu))

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

: Hán Nôm readings: cấu

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.