kumu

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See also: k'umu and kümü

Finnish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

kum- +‎ -u; related to kumina, kumea, kumista and kumajaa, likely ultimately onomatopoeic.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈkumu/, [ˈkumu]
  • Rhymes: -umu
  • Syllabification(key): ku‧mu

Noun[edit]

kumu

  1. rumble

Declension[edit]

Inflection of kumu (Kotus type 1/valo, no gradation)
nominative kumu kumut
genitive kumun kumujen
partitive kumua kumuja
illative kumuun kumuihin
singular plural
nominative kumu kumut
accusative nom. kumu kumut
gen. kumun
genitive kumun kumujen
partitive kumua kumuja
inessive kumussa kumuissa
elative kumusta kumuista
illative kumuun kumuihin
adessive kumulla kumuilla
ablative kumulta kumuilta
allative kumulle kumuille
essive kumuna kumuina
translative kumuksi kumuiksi
abessive kumutta kumuitta
instructive kumuin
comitative See the possessive forms below.
Possessive forms of kumu (Kotus type 1/valo, no gradation)
first-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative kumuni kumuni
accusative nom. kumuni kumuni
gen. kumuni
genitive kumuni kumujeni
partitive kumuani kumujani
inessive kumussani kumuissani
elative kumustani kumuistani
illative kumuuni kumuihini
adessive kumullani kumuillani
ablative kumultani kumuiltani
allative kumulleni kumuilleni
essive kumunani kumuinani
translative kumukseni kumuikseni
abessive kumuttani kumuittani
instructive
comitative kumuineni
second-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative kumusi kumusi
accusative nom. kumusi kumusi
gen. kumusi
genitive kumusi kumujesi
partitive kumuasi kumujasi
inessive kumussasi kumuissasi
elative kumustasi kumuistasi
illative kumuusi kumuihisi
adessive kumullasi kumuillasi
ablative kumultasi kumuiltasi
allative kumullesi kumuillesi
essive kumunasi kumuinasi
translative kumuksesi kumuiksesi
abessive kumuttasi kumuittasi
instructive
comitative kumuinesi
first-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative kumumme kumumme
accusative nom. kumumme kumumme
gen. kumumme
genitive kumumme kumujemme
partitive kumuamme kumujamme
inessive kumussamme kumuissamme
elative kumustamme kumuistamme
illative kumuumme kumuihimme
adessive kumullamme kumuillamme
ablative kumultamme kumuiltamme
allative kumullemme kumuillemme
essive kumunamme kumuinamme
translative kumuksemme kumuiksemme
abessive kumuttamme kumuittamme
instructive
comitative kumuinemme
second-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative kumunne kumunne
accusative nom. kumunne kumunne
gen. kumunne
genitive kumunne kumujenne
partitive kumuanne kumujanne
inessive kumussanne kumuissanne
elative kumustanne kumuistanne
illative kumuunne kumuihinne
adessive kumullanne kumuillanne
ablative kumultanne kumuiltanne
allative kumullenne kumuillenne
essive kumunanne kumuinanne
translative kumuksenne kumuiksenne
abessive kumuttanne kumuittanne
instructive
comitative kumuinenne
third-person possessor
singular plural
nominative kumunsa kumunsa
accusative nom. kumunsa kumunsa
gen. kumunsa
genitive kumunsa kumujensa
partitive kumuaan
kumuansa
kumujaan
kumujansa
inessive kumussaan
kumussansa
kumuissaan
kumuissansa
elative kumustaan
kumustansa
kumuistaan
kumuistansa
illative kumuunsa kumuihinsa
adessive kumullaan
kumullansa
kumuillaan
kumuillansa
ablative kumultaan
kumultansa
kumuiltaan
kumuiltansa
allative kumulleen
kumullensa
kumuilleen
kumuillensa
essive kumunaan
kumunansa
kumuinaan
kumuinansa
translative kumukseen
kumuksensa
kumuikseen
kumuiksensa
abessive kumuttaan
kumuttansa
kumuittaan
kumuittansa
instructive
comitative kumuineen
kumuinensa

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

Hawaiian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Oceanic *tumu (compare with Maori tumu and Tahitian tumu).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

kumu

  1. teacher
  2. basis, foundation
  3. source, cause

References[edit]

  • Ross Clark and Simon J. Greenhill, editors (2011), “tumu”, in POLLEX-Online: The Polynesian Lexicon Project Online[2]
  • Pukui, Mary Kawena; Elbert, Samuel H. (1986), “kumu”, in Hawaiian Dictionary, revised & enlarged edition, Honolulu, HI: University of Hawai'i Press, →ISBN, page 182

Japanese[edit]

Romanization[edit]

kumu

  1. Rōmaji transcription of くむ

Okinawan[edit]

Romanization[edit]

kumu

  1. Rōmaji transcription of くむ

Tok Pisin[edit]

This entry has fewer than three known examples of actual usage, the minimum considered necessary for clear attestation, and may not be reliable. This language is subject to a special exemption for languages with limited documentation. If you speak it, please consider editing this entry or adding citations. See also Help and the Community Portal.

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun[edit]

kumu

  1. vegetable
    • 1995, John Verhaar, Toward a reference grammar of Tok Pisin: an experiment in corpus linguistics[3], →ISBN, page 433:
      Mekim olsem pinis, orait tupela i planim taro na banana, na kumu, painap, kon, tomato, na kaukau tu.
      (please add an English translation of this quotation)