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See also:
U+5019, 候
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5019

[U+5018]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+501A]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
9 strokes

Han character[edit]

(radical 9 +8, 10 strokes, cangjie input 人中弓大 (OLNK), four-corner 27234, composition𠃍 or ⿲)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 108, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 775
  • Dae Jaweon: page 229, character 15
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 178, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+5019

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alt. forms 𠋫
𠊱

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*koː, *koː
*ɡoː
*ɡoː
*ɡoː
*ɡoː
*ɡoː
*ɡoː
帿 *ɡoː
*ɡoː, *ɡoːs
*ɡoː
*ɡoː
*ɡoː
*ɡoː
*ɡoː, *ɡoːs
*ɡoː, *ɡoːs
*ɡoː
*ɡoːs
*ɡoːs

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡoːs): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *ɡoː).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • hiō/hō͘ - literary;
  • hāu - vernacular.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (33)
Final () (137)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦəuH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦəuH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣəuH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦəwH/
Li
Rong
/ɣuH/
Wang
Li
/ɣəuH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɣə̯uH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
hòu
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
hòu
Middle
Chinese
‹ huwH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɡ]ˤ(r)o-s/
English wait upon

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 5154
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
𠋫
Old
Chinese
/*ɡoːs/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to reconnoitre; to scout
  2. to observe; to survey
  3. to wait for; to await
  4. to respectfully await
  5. to visit; to send one's respects to
  6. to wait on; to attend to; to take care of
  7. to forecast; to predict (by divination)
  8. (historical) scout; lookout; vanguard
  9. (historical) Alternative form of (“fortress”).
  10. (historical) official
  11. (historical) posthouse; station
  12. (historical) ancient time unit composed of five days
  13. climate; season
  14. omen; sign; portent
  15. (traditional Chinese medicine) to examine (pulse)
  16. (traditional Chinese medicine) medical sign and symptom
  17. (dialectal) to pay for (a bill)

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. climate
  2. season
  3. weather

Readings[edit]

See also[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
こう
Grade: 4
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese (MC ɦəuH). The kan'on pronunciation, so likely a later borrowing.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana こう, rōmaji )

  1. (literary) the season, the weather of the current season
Derived terms[edit]
Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
うかみ
Grade: 4
kun’yomi
EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.
Particularly: “Daijirin-only entry, probable RFD”

Noun[edit]

(hiragana うかみ, rōmaji ukami)

  1. (obsolete) Alternative spelling of 窺見 (lookout, scout)

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
そうろう
Grade: 4
kun’yomi

/saburaɸu//sauraɸu//soːroː/

A sound shift from  (さぶら) (saburau, to serve by one's side), historical さぶらふ. (Can this(+) etymology be sourced?)

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

(irregular conjugation, hiragana そうろう, rōmaji sōrou, historical hiragana さうらふ)

  1. (archaic) Alternative form of 候う (to serve; to be)
Derived terms[edit]
Compounds[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

Kanji in this term
そろ
Grade: 4
kun’yomi

Late-medieval transition from sōrō above.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

(hiragana そろ, rōmaji soro)
(alternative reading hiragana , romaji su)
(alternative reading hiragana そう, romaji sou, historical hiragana さう)

  1. (archaic) to be; auxiliary used in place of -ある after or when forming a copula
  2. (archaic) to do; auxiliary used in place of -ます after a -ます stem
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 5[edit]

Kanji in this term
ぞうろ
Grade: 4
kun’yomi

/zauro//zoːro/

Stem of rendaku form 候う (zōrou), used in compounds. (Can this(+) etymology be sourced?)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana ぞうろ, rōmaji zōro, historical hiragana ざうろ)

  1. service
  2. doing

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(hu) (hangeul )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(hầu, hậu, thoắng)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.