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U+5019, 候
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5019

[U+5018]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+501A]
See also:

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
候-bw.png

Han character[edit]

(radical 9 +8, 10 strokes, cangjie input 人中弓大 (OLNK), four-corner 27234, composition𠃍 or ⿲)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 108, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 775
  • Dae Jaweon: page 229, character 15
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 178, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+5019

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alt. forms 𠋫
𠊱

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*koː, *koː
*ɡoː
*ɡoː
*ɡoː
*ɡoː
*ɡoː
*ɡoː
帿 *ɡoː
*ɡoː, *ɡoːs
*ɡoː
*ɡoː
*ɡoː
*ɡoː
*ɡoː, *ɡoːs
*ɡoː, *ɡoːs
*ɡoː
*ɡoːs
*ɡoːs

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡoːs): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *ɡoː).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • hiō/hō͘ - literary;
  • hāu - vernacular.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (33)
Final () (137)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦəuH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦəuH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣəuH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦəwH/
Li
Rong
/ɣuH/
Wang
Li
/ɣəuH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɣə̯uH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
hòu
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
hòu
Middle
Chinese
‹ huwH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɡ]ˤ(r)o-s/
English wait upon

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 5154
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
𠋫
Old
Chinese
/*ɡoːs/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to reconnoitre; to scout
  2. to observe; to survey
  3. to wait for; to await
  4. to respectfully await
  5. to visit; to send one's respects to
  6. to wait on; to attend to; to take care of
  7. to forecast; to predict (by divination)
  8. (historical) scout; lookout; vanguard
  9. (historical) Alternative form of (“fortress”).
  10. (historical) official
  11. (historical) posthouse; station
  12. (historical) ancient time unit composed of five days
  13. climate; season
  14. omen; sign; portent
  15. (traditional Chinese medicine) to examine (pulse)
  16. (traditional Chinese medicine) medical sign and symptom
  17. (dialectal) to pay for (a bill)

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. climate
  2. season
  3. weather

Readings[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana こう, rōmaji )

  1. (literary) the season, the weather of the current season

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(hu) (hangeul )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(hầu, hậu, thoắng)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.