scout

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See also: Scout

English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English scout, scoult, from Old French escoute (action of listening), verbal noun from escouter (to listen, heed), from Latin auscultare (to listen). The verb comes from the noun.[1]

Noun[edit]

scout (plural scouts)

  1. A person sent out to gain and bring in tidings; especially, one employed in war to gain information about the enemy and ground.
  2. An act of scouting or reconnoitering.
  3. A member of any number of youth organizations belonging to the international scout movement, such as the Boy Scouts of America or Girl Scouts of the United States.
  4. A person who assesses and/or recruits others; especially, one who identifies promising talent on behalf of a sports team.
    • 2018 January 1, Donald McRae, “The Guardian footballer of the year 2017: Juan Mata”, in the Guardian[1]:
      We have met twice this year and, during our first interview, Mata spoke evocatively when remembering how, having joined Real Oviedo aged 10 in 1998, he was given a previously unimaginable opportunity. Mata sat in a car park in 2003, when he was 14, and watched his father talking to a Real Madrid scout.
  5. (Britain) A college servant (in Oxford, England or Yale or Harvard), originally implying a male servant, attending to (usually several) students or undergraduates in a variety of ways that includes cleaning; corresponding to the duties of a gyp or possibly bedder at Cambridge University; and at Dublin, a skip.
  6. (Britain, cricket) A fielder in a game for practice.
  7. (historical, Britain, up until 1920s) A fighter aircraft.
  8. (informal) Term of address for a man or boy.
    • 1983, Robley Wilson, Dancing for men (page 124)
      "Listen, old scout," Mr. Osborn said solemnly, "you think New York is heartless, but that's not what it is."
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

scout (third-person singular simple present scouts, present participle scouting, simple past and past participle scouted)

  1. (transitive, intransitive) To explore a wide terrain, as if on a search; to reconnoiter.
  2. (transitive) To observe, watch, or look for, as a scout; to follow for the purpose of observation, as a scout.
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Of North Germanic origin. Compare Old Norse skúta, skúti (taunt), Middle English scoute (a wretch, rascal, rogue); thus may be related to English shout.

Verb[edit]

scout (third-person singular simple present scouts, present participle scouting, simple past and past participle scouted)

  1. (transitive) To reject with contempt.
    to scout an idea or an apology
  2. (intransitive) To scoff.
    • 1851, Herman Melville, Moby Dick, ch. 45
      So ignorant are most landsmen of some of the plainest and most palpable wonders of the world, that without some hints touching the plain facts, historical and otherwise, of the fishery, they might scout at Moby Dick as a monstrous fable, or still worse and more detestable, a hideous and intolerable allegory.
Translations[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

From Middle English scoute, skoute (also schoute, shoute, schuyt), from Middle Low German schûte or Middle Dutch schute; or possibly from Old Norse skúta (a small craft or cutter).

Noun[edit]

scout (plural scouts)

  1. (dated) A swift sailing boat.
    • 1660, Samuel Pepys, diary entry 18th May 1660
      So we took a scout, very much pleased with the manner and conversation of the passengers.

Etymology 4[edit]

From Middle English scouten (to jut out, project), from Old Norse skúta (to jut out), cognate with Icelandic skúta (to jut out).

Noun[edit]

scout (plural scouts)

  1. (archaic) A projecting rock.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Wright to this entry?)

Etymology 5[edit]

Verb[edit]

scout (third-person singular simple present scouts, present participle scouting, simple past and past participle scouted)

  1. (Scotland) To pour forth a liquid forcibly, especially excrement.

Noun[edit]

scout (plural scouts)

  1. The guillemot.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ scout”, in OED Online Paid subscription required, Oxford: Oxford University Press, launched 2000.

Further reading[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English scout.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

scout m (plural scouts)

  1. A scout, a boy scout or girl scout.
    Synonym: padvinder
  2. (sports) A talent scout.

Related terms[edit]


French[edit]

Noun[edit]

scout m (plural scouts)

  1. scout, boy scout

Italian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Clipping of boyscout.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /skau̯t/, [s̪käu̯t̪]

Noun[edit]

scout m or f (invariable)

  1. scout (a member of the international scout movement)
    Synonym: esploratore

Related terms[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English scout.

Noun[edit]

scout m or f (plural scouts)

  1. scout

Swedish[edit]

Noun[edit]

scout c

  1. scout; a member of the international scout movement.

Declension[edit]

Declension of scout 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative scout scouten scouter scouterna
Genitive scouts scoutens scouters scouternas