- 1 Dutch
- 2 French
- 3 German
- 4 Jèrriais
- 5 Old French
- 6 Saterland Frisian
- 7 Scots
- 8 Welsh
- of all; genitive form of al
- Tot op heden is Van Beethoven nog steeds één van de beroemdste en meest invloedrijke musici aller tijden. — Up to this day, Beethoven is still one of the most famous and most influential musicians of all times!
A syncretic verb.
The all- forms derive from Old French aler, alier (with subjunctive aill- and other forms with all-), from Vulgar Latin alare (attested in the 7th century Reichenau Glosses). This has traditionally been explained as deriving from Latin ambulare via or together with ambler (compare Old Provençal amblar, Italian ambiare, Romanian umbla), but this explanation is phonologically problematic. Several theories have been put forth since the 17th century to explain how ambulare could have become aller. Since at least the 18th century, some have suggested that aller derives not from Latin but from Celtic, Gaulish *aliu: compare Welsh elen (“I was going”), Cornish ellev (“I may go”), and also Franco-Provençal alâ, allar and Friulan lâ (“to go”) (compare lin (“we go”), lât (“gone”)).
- (intransitive) to go
- Nous devons aller à l'école. — “We must go to school.”
- J’irai au magasin. — “I will go to the store.”
- (when followed by an infinitive verb) to be going (to); will soon; forms a near-future tense
- Il allait visiter sa famille. — “He was going to visit his family.”
- Je vais aller au magasin. — “I will go to the store.”
- Tout ira bien - “All will be well.”
- to be (feeling)
- J'espère que tu vas bien. — “I hope you are well.”
- to go well with (clothes, colors, etc.)
- The verb aller has a unique and highly irregular conjugation.
|gerund||en allant||en étant allé|
|present perfect||Use the present tense of être followed by the past participle|
|pluperfect||Use the imperfect tense of être followed by the past participle|
|past anterior1||Use the past historic tense of être followed by the past participle|
|future perfect||Use the future tense of être followed by the past participle|
|conditional perfect||Use the conditional tense of être followed by the past participle|
|subjunctive||que je (j’)||que tu||qu’il||que nous||que vous||qu’ils|
|past||Use the present subjunctive of être followed by the past participle|
|pluperfect1||Use the imperfect subjunctive of être followed by the past participle|
- Aller has an irregular imperative in the expression vas-y.
aller m (plural allers)
- Outward trip; journey out; trip away (implying not returning)
- “aller” in le Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).
- ^ 1939, D. A. Paton, On the origin of aller, in Studies in French Language and Mediaeval Literature, page 301: The opinion that ambulare is the origin of aller has been and is held by so many eminent etymologists that it is with some diffidence I venture to suggest another source. [...] By these suggestions I am not attempting to prove that aller and ambler are of different origin, but only to show that such a theory is not only possible, but probable. The real and to my mind insuperable objection to ambulare as the source of aller is the phonetic question, and here we find that the supporters of ambulare, in explaining its unique development, arrive at their common conclusion by entirely different routes. Ducange would take aller as coming from ambler. Schuchardt's reasoning is as follows: — ambulare > *ammulare > *amlare > aller. [...] More recently, Meyer-Lübke's view is that ambulare was simply contracted to *allare, the contraction being particularly natural in the imperative mood. Gammillscheg also points out that ambulate, used in the army as a word of command, would easily be shortened to *alate.
- ^ 1773, Charles Vallancey, A Grammar of the Iberno-Celtic, Or Irish Language, page 84: aill, go thou [...] from hence aller the French verb, to go
- ^ 1873, Louis A. Languellier, H. M. Monsanto, A pratical course with the French language, page 487: "words which [...] belong to the ancient Gallic or Celtic speech [...include] aller, to go"
- nominative singular masculine of
- dative singular feminine of
- genitive singular feminine of
- genitive plural of
- to go
- v'nîn (“to come”)
- alternative form of
aller (plural allers)
- Soft mutation of galler.