aller

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See also: aller-, Aller, and åller

Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French allez, from French aller (go).

Noun[edit]

aller

  1. (fencing) The command to start; used regardless of language of the participants; in the sequence "en garde, prêt, aller".
    Coordinate terms: en garde, prêt

See also[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈɑ.lər/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: al‧ler

Determiner[edit]

aller

  1. of all; genitive of al
    Tot op heden is Van Beethoven nog steeds één van de beroemdste en meest invloedrijke musici aller tijden.
    To this day, Beethoven is still one of the most famous and influential musicians of all time.

French[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • vader (Acadia, Louisiana)

Etymology[edit]

A suppletive verb; Latin vādō (I go) supplies the present tense and īre, present active infinitive of the synonymous , supplies the future and conditional. The all- forms derive from Middle French aller, from Old French aler (with subjunctive aill- and other forms with all-), from Vulgar Latin *alō (attested in the 7th century Reichenau Glosses), further origin is obscure, although it was traditionally explained being derived from Latin ambulō (see below). Cognates include Franco-Provençal allar and Friulian (to go).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

aller

  1. to go [+ à (location) = to]
    Je vais au magasin.I'm going to the store.
    On y va.Let's go.
  2. to attend (school, church regularly) [+ à (object)]
    aller à l'écoleto attend school
  3. (when followed by an infinitive verb) to be going (to); will soon; forms a near-future tense
    Il allait visiter sa famille.He was going to visit his family.
    Je vais aller au magasin.I will go to the store.
  4. (when followed by an adverb) to be (feeling)
    J'espère que tu vas bien.I hope you are well.
    Tout ira bienAll will be well.
  5. to go well [+ avec (object) = with (clothes, colors, etc.)]
  6. to suit [+ à (someone)]
    Cette robe te va bien !That dress suits you well!
  7. to be X-proof (to be suitable for use in an appliance without running the risk of being damaged in the process) [+ à (object)]
    aller au fourto be ovenproof
    aller au micro-ondesto be microwave safe
    aller au lave-vaisselleto be dishwasher proof

Conjugation[edit]

The verb aller has a unique and highly irregular conjugation. The second-person singular imperative va additionally combines with y to form vas-y instead of the expected va-y.

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Haitian Creole: ale

Noun[edit]

aller m (plural allers)

  1. outward trip; journey out; trip away
    aller et retourround trip

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1939, D. A. Paton, On the origin of aller, in Studies in French Language and Mediaeval Literature, page 301: The opinion that ambulare is the origin of aller has been and is held by so many eminent etymologists that it is with some diffidence I venture to suggest another source. [...] By these suggestions I am not attempting to prove that aller and ambler are of different origin, but only to show that such a theory is not only possible, but probable. The real and to my mind insuperable objection to ambulare as the source of aller is the phonetic question, and here we find that the supporters of ambulare, in explaining its unique development, arrive at their common conclusion by entirely different routes. Ducange would take aller as coming from ambler. Schuchardt's reasoning is as follows: – ambulare to *ammulare to *amlare to aller. [...] More recently, Meyer-Lübke's view is that ambulare was simply contracted to *allare, the contraction being particularly natural in the imperative mood. Gammillscheg also points out that ambulate, used in the army as a word of command, would easily be shortened to *alate.
  2. ^ 1773, Charles Vallancey, A Grammar of the Iberno-Celtic, Or Irish Language, page 84: aill, go thou [...] from hence aller the French verb, to go
  3. ^ 1873, Louis A. Languellier, H. M. Monsanto, A pratical course with the French language, page 487: "words which [...] belong to the ancient Gallic or Celtic speech [...include] aller, to go"
  4. ^ 1939, E. F. Paton, A Defense of the Etymology Allatus, ∗Allare, Aller, in Publications of the Modern Language Association, volume 49, issue 4

Further reading[edit]


German[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

aller

  1. inflection of all:
    1. strong/mixed nominative masculine singular
    2. strong genitive/dative feminine singular
    3. strong genitive plural

Middle English[edit]

Noun[edit]

aller

  1. Alternative form of aldre

Middle French[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French aler.

Verb[edit]

aller

  1. to go

Conjugation[edit]

  • Like Modern French aller, highly irregular.
  • Middle French conjugation varies from one text to another. Hence, the following conjugation should be considered as typical, not as exhaustive.

Descendants[edit]


Norman[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French aler, alier, from Vulgar Latin *alare (see French aller for further etymology).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)

Verb[edit]

aller

  1. (Jersey) to go

Antonyms[edit]


Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse allra

Adverb[edit]

aller

  1. of all, very
    aller første - very first
    aller siste - very last

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse allra

Adverb[edit]

aller

  1. of all

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Old French[edit]

Verb[edit]

aller

  1. Alternative form of aler

Conjugation[edit]

This verb conjugates as a first-group verb ending in -er. This verb is highly irregular and it is suppletive. Old French conjugation varies significantly by date and by region. The following conjugation should be treated as a guide.


Saterland Frisian[edit]

Adjective[edit]

aller

  1. older

Scots[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old English alor, from Proto-West Germanic *aliʀu, from Proto-Germanic *aluz, *alusō (compare Swedish al, Saterland Frisian ällerboom), variant of *alizō, *alisō (compare Dutch els, German Erle).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Central Scots
    • (West Central Scots) IPA(key): /ˈɛlər/
  • Southern Scots

Noun[edit]

aller (plural allers)

  1. alder.

Welsh[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

aller

  1. Soft mutation of galler.

Mutation[edit]

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
galler aller ngaller unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.