alder

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See also: Alder, Alder., ålder, and âlder

English[edit]

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Female (left) and male (right) catkins.

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English alder, aller, from Old English alor, from Proto-West Germanic *aluʀu, from Proto-Germanic *aluz, *alusō (compare Swedish al, Saterland Frisian äller(boom)), variant of *alizō, *alisō (compare Dutch els, German Erle, Norwegian or), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂élis- (compare Hittite [script needed] (alanza(n)), Latin alnus, Latvian al̃ksnis, Polish olcha, Albanian halë (black pine), Ancient Macedonian (Hesychius) ἄλιζα (áliza, white poplar)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

alder (plural alders)

  1. Any of several trees or shrubs of the genus Alnus, belonging to the birch family.

Derived terms[edit]

alder species

Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Clipping of alderman.

Noun[edit]

alder (plural alders)

  1. An alderman or alderwoman.
    • 2004, Stephanie Luce -, Fighting for a Living Wage, page 121:
      Almost immediately, city alders contacted the campaign to negotiate an ordinance.
    • 2013, Dawn Day Biehler, Pests in the City: Flies, Bedbugs, Cockroaches, and Rats, page 180:
      Chicago's mayor Edward Kennelly, the city alders, and many white Chicagoans opposed this siting plan.
    • 2017 September 28, Isabel Bysiewicz, “Eidelson reflects on time as alder”, in Yale Daily News:
      After three years as Ward 1 alder, Sarah Eidelson ’12 will leave city government at the end of the year.

Anagrams[edit]


Danish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Danish aldær, from Old Norse aldr, from Proto-Germanic *aldrą.

Noun[edit]

alder c (singular definite alderen, plural indefinite aldre)

  1. age

Inflection[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse aldr, from Proto-Germanic *aldrą. Akin to ale (to raise), from ala.

Noun[edit]

alder m (definite singular alderen, indefinite plural aldere or aldre or aldrer, definite plural alderne or aldrene)

  1. age

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse aldr, from Proto-Germanic *aldrą. Akin to ale (to raise), from ala.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

alder m (definite singular alderen, indefinite plural aldrar, definite plural aldrane)

  1. age

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Old Swedish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Norse allr, from Proto-Germanic *allaz.

Adjective[edit]

alder

  1. all
  2. whole, complete
Declension[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Swedish: all

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Norse aldr, from Proto-Germanic *aldrą.

Noun[edit]

alder m

  1. lifetime
  2. age; how old someone or something is
  3. age, era
  4. old age
Declension[edit]
Descendants[edit]