ал

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Adyghe[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Interjection[edit]

ал (al)

  1. expresses an order with a touch of threat
    Ал, зэ щыгъэтAl, zɛ śəğɛtAl!, shut up for a moment.
    Ал, зэ зэӏунAl, zɛ zɛʼwunAl!, shut up for a moment.

Bashkir[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ɑɫ]; izafa form: алды [ɑɫ.ˈdɯ̞]
  • Hyphenation: ал (one syllable)

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Turkic *āl (front).

Noun[edit]

ал (al)

  1. front, the front part
Declension[edit]

The declension below is given for a bare non-izafa form. Note, however, that this noun is just as often used in the izafa form.

Antonyms[edit]
  • арт (art, back, rear)
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Turkic *āl (a shade of red).

Cognate with Old Uyghur [script needed] (al, bright red); Turkish al (crimson, dark red).

Adjective[edit]

ал (al)

  1. scarlet, bright red

See also[edit]

Colors in Bashkir · төҫ (töś) (layout · text)
     аҡ (aq)      һоро (horo)      ҡара (qara)
             ҡыҙыл (qıźıl)              көрән (körən)              һары (harı)
                          йәшел (yəşel)             
                          зәңгәр (zəñgər)              күк (kük)
                                       алһыу (alhıw)

Budukh[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Azerbaijani al.

Adjective[edit]

ал (al)

  1. red

Erzya[edit]

Ал.

Etymology[edit]

Several hypotheses have been developed about the origin of the word:

1. A derivation from Proto-Mordvinic *alə (lower).

2. According to Keresztes, the word comes from Proto-Mordvinic *al, from Proto-Finno-Ugric *olɜ (in which case it would be a doublet of уло (ulo, chin)).[1][2]

3. According to Riho Grünthal, from Pre-Mordvinic *(v)ōli, borrowed from Proto-Baltic *(v)ōlā, whence Latvian uolà (rock; limestone; whetstone), uolis (flint), Lithuanian ōla (a small round stone; flint, rock; egg).[3]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ал (al)

  1. egg

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Keresztes, László (1986) Geschichte der mordwinischen Konsonantismus II. Etymologisches Belegmaterial[1], Szeged: Studia Uralo-Altaica 26.
  2. ^ Entry #664 in Uralonet, online Uralic etymological database of the Hungarian Research Centre for Linguistics.
  3. ^ Riho Grünthal. Baltic loanwords in Mordvin, p. 312-313

Kazakh[edit]

Alternative scripts
Arabic ال
Cyrillic ал
Latin al

Adjective[edit]

ал (al)

  1. tricky

Conjunction[edit]

ал (al)

  1. but

Interjection[edit]

ал (al)

  1. well

Khinalug[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Azerbaijani al.

Adjective[edit]

ал (al)

  1. red

Kyrgyz[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

ал (al) (Arabic spellingال⁩)

  1. he/she/it (third-person singular personal pronoun)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Mongolian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Ultimately from Proto-Turkic *āl (scarlet)

Adjective[edit]

ал (al) (Mongolian spelling ᠠᠯ (al))

  1. (in compounds) red

Derived terms[edit]

Russian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [aɫ]
  • (file)

Adjective[edit]

ал (al)

  1. short masculine singular of а́лый (ályj)

Tatar[edit]

Other scripts
Cyrillic
Zamanälif al
Jaŋalif
Yaña imlâ

Adjective[edit]

ал (al)

  1. scarlet