Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/allaz

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This Proto-Germanic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Germanic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Pre-Germanic *h₂elnós, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂el- (all).

Pronunciation[edit]

Determiner[edit]

*allaz[1]

  1. all

Inflection[edit]

In compound words, the stem *ala- was apparently used instead of the regular *alla-. This might be evidence of an older heteroclitic or perhaps n-stem paradigm, in which *aln- became *all-.


Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Old English: eall, eal, all
    • Middle English: all, al
      • Scots: a', aw
      • English: all
      • Yola: aul
  • Old Frisian: all
    • Saterland Frisian: al, aal
    • West Frisian: al
  • Old Saxon: al
    • Middle Low German: al, alle
      • German Low German: all, alle (Münsterländisch; Sauerländisch), olle (Paderbornisch)
  • Old Dutch: al
    • Middle Dutch: al
      • Dutch: al
        • Afrikaans: al
      • Limburgish: al
  • Old High German: al
  • Old Norse: allr
  • Gothic: 𐌰𐌻𐌻𐍃 (alls)

Further reading[edit]

  • Ringe, Don (2006) From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic, Oxford University Press

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013), “*alla-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 23