aul

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See also: Aul and auł

English[edit]

The aul or village of Gimry, now in the Republic of Dagestan, where Imam Shamil (1797–1871), the third Imam of Dagestan, was born. It was photographed between 1905 and 1915 by Sergey Prokudin-Gorsky, a pioneer of early colour photography of Russia.

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from Russian ау́л (aúl), from West (Kypchak) Turkic awul, awïl; compare Karachay-Balkar ауул (awul), Bashkir ауыл (awıl), Kazakh ауыл (auyl) and Turkish ağıl.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /aʊl/
    • (file)
  • Rhymes: -aʊl

Noun[edit]

aul (plural auls)

  1. A village encampment in the Caucasus, Central Asia or the Southern Urals.
    • 1973, Thomas Pynchon, Gravity's Rainbow, New York, N.Y.: Viking Press, →ISBN:
      His sorrel face, his long narrow eyes and dusty boots, where he goes on his travels and what really transpires inside the lonely hide tents Out There, among the auls, out in that wind, these are mysteries they don’t care to enter or touch.
    • 1993, Eduard M[artynovich] Dune, Diane P. Koenker and S[tephen] A[nthony] Smith, translators and editors, Notes of a Red Guard, Urbana, Chicago, Ill.: University of Illinois Press, →ISBN, page 221:
      Bitter fighting took place for Gimry, the home both of Khadzhi-Murat and Shamil. A highway ran along here, which permitted us to bring up artillery and to subject the aul to preliminary bombardment. We did not fire at any specific target, but if even half of our thirteen hundred shells had landed there, there would have been only a heap of ruins in place of the aul.
    • 2011, Michael Khodarkovsky, “Journey through the Northeast Caucasus”, in Bitter Choices: Loyalty and Betrayal in the Russian Conquest of the North Caucasus, Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, →ISBN, page 55:
      Crossing the large plateau, they passed the auls of Megeb and Chokh before reaching Gunib, a significant Avar settlement. [] The Avar auls were surrounded by a virtually uninterrupted circle of mountain ranges and occupied most of the plateaus between the tributaries of the Sulak River: Andi Koysu, Avar Koysu and Kara Koysu.
Alternative forms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

aul

  1. Alternative form of auld

Etymology 3[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

aul (plural auls)

  1. Obsolete spelling of awl.

Anagrams[edit]

Cimbrian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle High German iu(we)le, from Old High German ūwila, from Proto-Germanic *uwwalǭ (owl). Cognate with German Eule, Dutch uil, English owl, Icelandic ugla.

Noun[edit]

aul m

  1. (Sette Comuni) tawny owl
    Dar aul khimmet ausar padarnacht.
    The owl comes out at night.

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  • “aul” in Martalar, Umberto Martello; Bellotto, Alfonso (1974) Dizionario della lingua Cimbra dei Sette Communi vicentini, 1st edition, Roana, Italy: Instituto di Cultura Cimbra A. Dal Pozzo

Estonian[edit]

Noun[edit]

aul

  1. adessive singular of au

Kavalan[edit]

Noun[edit]

aul

  1. a type of shark that does not attack people

Synonyms[edit]

Old Irish[edit]

Noun[edit]

aul ? (genitive elo)

  1. wall

Usage notes[edit]

The noun is probably masculine, but there is no evidence of its gender.

Inflection[edit]

Masculine u-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative aul aulL elae
Vocative aul aulL elu
Accusative aulN aulL elu
Genitive eloH, elaH elo, ela elaeN
Dative aulL elaib elaib
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
aul unchanged n-aul
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]

Plautdietsch[edit]

Adverb[edit]

aul

  1. already, by now, as far as, yet

Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Russian аул (aul).

Noun[edit]

aul n (plural aule)

  1. aul

Declension[edit]

Yola[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English all, from Old English eall (all, every, entire, whole, universal), from Proto-West Germanic *all, from Proto-Germanic *allaz (all, whole, every), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂el- (all).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ɔɫ/, /ɔːɫ/, /aɫ/

Adverb[edit]

aul

  1. all
    • 1867, “THE WEDDEEN O BALLYMORE”, in SONGS, ETC. IN THE DIALECT OF FORTH AND BARGY, number 5, page 96:
      A peepeare struck ap; wough dansth aul in a ring;
      The piper struck up, we danced all in a ring,
    • 1867, “THE WEDDEEN O BALLYMORE”, in SONGS, ETC. IN THE DIALECT OF FORTH AND BARGY, number 5, page 96:
      Zoo wough aul vell a-danceen; earch bye gae a poage
      So we all fell a-dancing; each boy gave a kiss
    • 1867, “THE WEDDEEN O BALLYMORE”, in SONGS, ETC. IN THE DIALECT OF FORTH AND BARGY, number 6, page 96:
      Zoo wough aul returnth hime, contented an gaay,
      So we all returned home, contented and gay,
    • 1867, “VERSES IN ANSWER TO THE WEDDEEN O BALLYMORE”, in SONGS, ETC. IN THE DIALECT OF FORTH AND BARGY, page 98:
      Baakhooses an lauckès war aul ee a zweal.
      [Ovens and locks were all in the swale.]

Determiner[edit]

aul

  1. all
    • 1867, “CASTEALE CUDDE'S LAMENTATION”, in SONGS, ETC. IN THE DIALECT OF FORTH AND BARGY, number 1, page 102:
      Ye nyporès aul, come hark to mee,
      Ye neighbours all, come hark to me,

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Jacob Poole (d. 1827) (before 1828), William Barnes, editor, A Glossary, With some Pieces of Verse, of the old Dialect of the English Colony in the Baronies of Forth and Bargy, County of Wexford, Ireland, London: J. Russell Smith, published 1867, page 23