lau

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See also: Lau, lầu, lâu, laŭ, lẩu, la'u, and łá’ȕ

Aromanian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin lavō. Compare Romanian la, lau.

Verb[edit]

lau (third-person singular present indicative la, past participle latã)

  1. I wash.
  2. (reflexive, mi-lau) I wash myself.

Synonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]


Basque[edit]

Basque numbers (edit)
40
 ←  3 4 5  → 
    Cardinal: lau
    Ordinal: laugarren
    Multiplier: laukoitz
    Fractional: laurden

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /lau̯/, [lau̯]
  • (file)

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Basque *lanu, from Latin plānum.

Adjective[edit]

lau (comparative lauago, superlative lauen, excessive lauegi)

  1. flat, level
  2. plain, simple
Declension[edit]
Declension of lau (adjective, ending in vowel)
indefinite singular plural
absolutive lau laua lauak
ergative lauk lauak lauek
dative lauri lauari lauei
genitive lauren lauaren lauen
comitative laurekin lauarekin lauekin
causative laurengatik lauarengatik lauengatik
benefactive laurentzat lauarentzat lauentzat
instrumental lauz lauaz lauez
inessive anim. laurengan lauarengan lauengan
inanim. lautan lauan lauetan
locative anim.
inanim. lautako lauko lauetako
allative anim. laurengana lauarengana lauengana
inanim. lautara laura lauetara
terminative anim. laurenganaino lauarenganaino lauenganaino
inanim. lautaraino lauraino lauetaraino
directive anim. laurenganantz lauarenganantz lauenganantz
inanim. lautarantz laurantz lauetarantz
destinative anim. laurenganako lauarenganako lauenganako
inanim. lautarako laurako lauetarako
ablative anim. laurengandik lauarengandik lauengandik
inanim. lautatik lautik lauetatik
partitive laurik
prolative lautzat

Adverb[edit]

lau (comparative lauago, superlative lauen, excessive lauegi)

  1. simply

Noun[edit]

lau inan

  1. plain (an open, grassy, mostly treeless land)
Declension[edit]
Declension of lau (inanimate, ending in vowel)
indefinite singular plural
absolutive lau laua lauak
ergative lauk lauak lauek
dative lauri lauari lauei
genitive lauren lauaren lauen
comitative laurekin lauarekin lauekin
causative laurengatik lauarengatik lauengatik
benefactive laurentzat lauarentzat lauentzat
instrumental lauz lauaz lauez
inessive lautan lauan lauetan
locative lautako lauko lauetako
allative lautara laura lauetara
terminative lautaraino lauraino lauetaraino
directive lautarantz laurantz lauetarantz
destinative lautarako laurako lauetarako
ablative lautatik lautik lauetatik
partitive laurik
prolative lautzat

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Basque *laur (four). Often compared with Iberian lau(r) (four) and Aquitanian *laur-, present in numerous compounds, such as *laurco, *laurina and in the toponym *Laureiereta (Four Mills).[1][2][3] Possibly related to labur.

Numeral[edit]

lau

  1. four
Usage notes[edit]

The declension of the plural forms changes when used as a pronoun. This is not currently reflected in the table below.

Declension[edit]
Declension of lau (numeral, ending in vowel)
indefinite singular plural
absolutive lau laua lauak
ergative lauk lauak lauek
dative lauri lauari lauei
genitive lauren lauaren lauen
comitative laurekin lauarekin lauekin
causative laurengatik lauarengatik lauengatik
benefactive laurentzat lauarentzat lauentzat
instrumental lauz lauaz lauez
inessive anim. laurengan lauarengan lauengan
inanim. lautan lauan lauetan
locative anim.
inanim. lautako lauko lauetako
allative anim. laurengana lauarengana lauengana
inanim. lautara laura lauetara
terminative anim. laurenganaino lauarenganaino lauenganaino
inanim. lautaraino lauraino lauetaraino
directive anim. laurenganantz lauarenganantz lauenganantz
inanim. lautarantz laurantz lauetarantz
destinative anim. laurenganako lauarenganako lauenganako
inanim. lautarako laurako lauetarako
ablative anim. laurengandik lauarengandik lauengandik
inanim. lautatik lautik lauetatik
partitive laurik
prolative lautzat

References[edit]

  1. ^ Orduña A., Eduardo (2011), “Los numerales ibéricos y el protovasco [Iberian numerals and Proto-Basque]”, in Veleia[1] (in Spanish), volume 28, pages 125–139
  2. ^ lau” in Etymological Dictionary of Basque by R. L. Trask, sussex.ac.uk
  3. ^ Mitxelena, Koldo L. (1961) Fonética histórica vasca [Basque Historical Phonetics] (Obras completas de Luis Michelena; 1) (in Spanish), Diputación Foral de Guipuzkoa, published 1990, →ISBN, page 93

Further reading[edit]

  • lau” in Euskaltzaindiaren Hiztegia, euskaltzaindia.eus
  • lau” in Orotariko Euskal Hiztegia, euskaltzaindia.eus

Esperanto[edit]

Preposition[edit]

lau

  1. H-system spelling of laŭ

German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle High German (inflected lāwe), from Old High German lāo. Cognate with Dutch lauw. Also related with English lukewarm.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

lau (strong nominative masculine singular lauer, comparative lauer, superlative am lauesten or am lausten)

  1. Synonym of lauwarm (lukewarm, tepid)
  2. (often of wind or the night) mild; especially in the sense that it is pleasantly cool after a period of heat
    Synonym: mild
    Es war eine laue Sommernacht.It was a mild summer night. [i.e. one that is warm, but bringing welcome cooling after a hot day]
  3. cushy, easy
    ein lauer Joba cushy job

Derived terms[edit]

sich einen lauen Lenz machento get on a gravy train, to ride the gravy train

Further reading[edit]

  • lau” in Duden online
  • lau” in Digitales Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache

Hawaiian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈlau̯/, [ˈlɐw]
  • (rapid speech) IPA(key): [ˈlɔw]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Eastern Polynesian *lau, from Proto-Polynesian *rau, from Proto-Central Pacific *rau, from Proto-Oceanic *raun, from Proto-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *raun, from Proto-Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *daun, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *dahun (leaf).

Noun[edit]

lau

  1. leaf

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Polynesian *rau (hundred).

Verb[edit]

lau

  1. (stative) many, numerous

Numeral[edit]

lau

  1. four hundred

References[edit]

  • “lau” in the Hawaiian Dictionary, Revised and Enlarged Edition, University of Hawaii Press, 1986

Hiri Motu[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

lau

  1. 1st-person singular pronoun: I, me

See also[edit]


Kalo Finnish Romani[edit]

Noun[edit]

lau m (genitive laavesko, nominative plural laave, genitive plural laavengo)

  1. word
  2. talk

Derived terms[edit]


Karo Batak[edit]

Noun[edit]

lau

  1. water

References[edit]


Middle English[edit]

Noun[edit]

lau

  1. Alternative form of lawe

North Frisian[edit]

Noun[edit]

lau

  1. lion

Synonyms[edit]


Old Welsh[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Brythonic *llọβ̃, from Proto-Celtic *ɸlāmā, from Proto-Indo-European *pl̥h₂meh₂ (palm, hand).

Noun[edit]

lau f

  1. hand

Descendants[edit]

  • Welsh: llaw

Rapa Nui[edit]

Adjective[edit]

lau

  1. wide

Romanian[edit]

Verb[edit]

lau

  1. inflection of la:
    1. first-person singular present indicative/subjunctive
    2. third-person plural present/imperfect indicative

Samoan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Polynesian *rau (compare Maori rau), from Proto-Oceanic, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *dahun (compare Malay daun).

Noun[edit]

lau

  1. leaf

Numeral[edit]

lau

  1. hundred

Derived terms[edit]


Tocharian B[edit]

Adverb[edit]

lau

  1. away
    ṣañ wrat lau tärkanacer
    You are going to let your vow away. (literally)
    You are going to break your vow.

Vietnamese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Vietic *k-luː, cognate with Arem alaw.

Noun[edit]

(classifier cây) lau (𣓿, 𦰤)

  1. reed, arundinaceous cane

Etymology 2[edit]

Verb[edit]

lau

  1. to clean by wiping or rubbing with a wet cloth
Derived terms[edit]
Derived terms
See also[edit]

Welsh[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

lau

  1. Soft mutation of llau (lice).

Mutation[edit]

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
llau lau unchanged unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.