eclipse

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search

English[edit]

An eclipse of the Sun by Saturn, seen from the Cassini orbiter

Etymology[edit]

From Old French eclipse, from Latin eclīpsis, from Ancient Greek ἔκλειψις (ékleipsis, eclipse), from ἐκλείπω (ekleípō, I abandon, go missing, vanish), from ἐκ (ek, out) and λείπω (leípō, I leave behind).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ɪˈklɪps/, /iˈklɪps/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɪps
  • Hyphenation: eclipse

Noun[edit]

eclipse (countable and uncountable, plural eclipses)

  1. (astronomy) An alignment of astronomical objects whereby one object comes between the observer (or notional observer) and another object, thus obscuring the latter.
  2. Especially, an alignment whereby a planetary object (for example, the Moon) comes between the Sun and another planetary object (for example, the Earth), resulting in a shadow being cast by the middle planetary object onto the other planetary object.
  3. (ornithology) A seasonal state of plumage in some birds, notably ducks, adopted temporarily after the breeding season and characterised by a dull and scruffy appearance.
  4. Obscurity, decline, downfall.

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Verb[edit]

eclipse (third-person singular simple present eclipses, present participle eclipsing, simple past and past participle eclipsed)

  1. (transitive) Of astronomical or atmospheric bodies, to cause an eclipse.
    The Moon eclipsed the Sun.
  2. (transitive, figuratively) To overshadow; to be better or more noticeable than.
    Synonym: upstage
    • c. 1591–1592 (date written), William Shakespeare, “The Third Part of Henry the Sixt, []”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies [] (First Folio), London: [] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act IV, scene vi]:
      For, till I see them here, by doubtful fear / My joy of liberty is half eclips'd.
    • 1837, L[etitia] E[lizabeth] L[andon], Ethel Churchill: Or, The Two Brides. [], volume II, London: Henry Colburn, [], OCLC 21345056, page 8:
      I wish I could prevail on Ethel to come up to London, if it were but for the sake of eclipsing her rival. I will stand godmother to the town's admiration, and promise and vow three things in its name:—first, that she will forget her faithless swain in the multitude of new ones; secondly, that she will be universally ran after; and, thirdly, that she will be brilliantly married.
    • 1891, Thomas Hardy, Tess of the d'Urbervilles, volume 1, London: James R. Osgood, McIlvaine and Co., page 25:
      The name of the eclipsing girl, whatever it was, has not been handed down; but she was envied by all as the first who enjoyed the luxury of a masculine partner that evening.
    • 2005, Sean Campbell, Introducing Microsoft Visual Basic 2005 for developers (page 56)
      The Util.System namespace eclipses the top-level System namespace.
    • 2007, Cincinnati Magazine (page 81)
      Everything about her year-old restaurant [] reflects her love of bringing people to the table for good, simple food that's not eclipsed by bells and whistles.
  3. (Irish grammar) To undergo eclipsis.

Translations[edit]


Asturian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin eclīpsis.

Noun[edit]

eclipse m (plural eclipses)

  1. eclipse

Galician[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin eclīpsis.

Noun[edit]

eclipse f (plural eclipses)

  1. eclipse

Latin[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

eclīpse

  1. ablative singular of eclīpsis

Old French[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

eclipse m (oblique plural eclipses, nominative singular eclipses, nominative plural eclipse)

  1. eclipse

References[edit]


Portuguese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

 

  • Hyphenation: e‧clip‧se

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from Latin eclīpsis, from Ancient Greek ἔκλειψις (ékleipsis, eclipse).

Noun[edit]

eclipse m (plural eclipses)

  1. eclipse
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb[edit]

eclipse

  1. inflection of eclipsar:
    1. first/third-person singular present subjunctive
    2. third-person singular imperative

Further reading[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /eˈklibse/ [eˈkliβ̞.se]
  • Rhymes: -ibse
  • Hyphenation: e‧clip‧se

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin eclīpsis.

Noun[edit]

eclipse m (plural eclipses)

  1. eclipse
  2. disappearance
Alternative forms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb[edit]

eclipse

  1. inflection of eclipsar:
    1. first/third-person singular present subjunctive
    2. third-person singular imperative

Further reading[edit]