pastoral

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See also: pastorał

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Etymology[edit]

From Middle French, Old French pastoral, from Latin pāstōrālis, from pāstor (shepherd), + adjective suffix -ālis.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈpæs.tə.ɹəl/
    • (file)
    • (file)
  • enPR: păs"tōr-al, IPA(key): /ˌpæsˈtɔːɹəl/
  • Rhymes: -ɔːɹəl

Adjective[edit]

pastoral (comparative more pastoral, superlative most pastoral)

  1. Of or pertaining to shepherds or herders of other livestock.
    • 1981, William Irwin Thompson, The Time Falling Bodies Take to Light: Mythology, Sexuality and the Origins of Culture, London: Rider/Hutchinson & Co., page 160:
      Like the Mesolithic age of 10,000-8000 B.C., the period 6000-4000 B.C. seems to be one of the fall of fortresses and the rise of pastoral nomadism.
  2. Relating to rural life and scenes, in particular of poetry.
    We were living a pastoral life.
    • 1798, Wordsworth, Lines Composed a Few Lines Above Tintern Abbey, lines 16–18:
      [] these pastoral farms, / Green to the very door; and wreaths of smoke / Sent up, in silence, from among the trees!
    • 1834, L[etitia] E[lizabeth] L[andon], Francesca Carrara. [], volume II, London: Richard Bentley, [], (successor to Henry Colburn), OCLC 630079698, pages 219–220:
      There was a tone, too, of pastoral poetry shed over the new scenes to which they were just introduced, that had a greater effect from the contrast to those, artificial and crowded, which they had just left.
    • 1985, Cormac McCarthy, Blood Meridian [] , OCLC 234287599:
      He wanders west as far as Memphis, a solitary migrant upon that flat and pastoral landscape.
  3. Relating to the care of souls, to the pastor of a church or to any local religious leader charged with the service of individual parishioners, i.e. a priest or rabbi.
    pastoral duties
    a pastoral letter

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Noun[edit]

pastoral (plural pastorals)

  1. A poem describing the life and manners of shepherds; a poem in which the speakers assume the character of shepherds; an idyll; a bucolic.
    • 1837, L[etitia] E[lizabeth] L[andon], Ethel Churchill: Or, The Two Brides. [], volume II, London: Henry Colburn, [], OCLC 21345056, page 115:
      Ethel was silent from surprise: she had prepared herself for anger—even sorrow; but ridicule left her without an answer. What could she say to a hearer, who only smiled, and to whom emotion was only a scene in a pastoral?
  2. (music) A cantata relating to rural life; a composition for instruments characterized by simplicity and sweetness; a lyrical composition the subject of which is taken from rural life.
  3. (religion, Christianity) A letter of a pastor to his charge; specifically, a letter addressed by a bishop to his diocese.
  4. (religion, Christianity) A letter of the House of Bishops, to be read in each parish.

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Anagrams[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin pāstōrālis.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

pastoral (masculine and feminine plural pastorals)

  1. pastoral

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle French, Old French pastoral, from Latin pastoralis, from pāstor (shepherd), + adjective suffix -alis.

Adjective[edit]

pastoral (feminine pastorale, masculine plural pastoraux, feminine plural pastorales)

  1. pastoral

Further reading[edit]


German[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

pastoral (strong nominative masculine singular pastoraler, not comparable)

  1. pastoral

Declension[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • pastoral” in Digitales Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache
  • pastoral” in Uni Leipzig: Wortschatz-Lexikon

Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin pāstōrālis.

Pronunciation[edit]

 

  • Rhymes: -al, -aw
  • Hyphenation: pas‧to‧ral

Adjective[edit]

pastoral m or f (plural pastorais)

  1. Alternative form of pastoril
  2. pastoral (relating to the pastor of a church)

Noun[edit]

pastoral f (plural pastorais)

  1. (Roman Catholicism) a letter written by a bishop or the pope explaining a doctrine

Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French pastoral, from Latin pastorale.

Adjective[edit]

pastoral m or n (feminine singular pastorală, masculine plural pastorali, feminine and neuter plural pastorale)

  1. pastoral

Declension[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin pāstōrālis.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /pastoˈɾal/, [pas.t̪oˈɾal]

Adjective[edit]

pastoral (plural pastorales)

  1. pastoral

Derived terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

pastoral f (plural pastorales)

  1. pastoral

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]