birch

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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English[edit]

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Birch trees Betula pendula (1)

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English birche, birk, from Old English birċe, bierċe, from Proto-Germanic *birkijǭ (compare West Frisian bjirk, German Birke), variant of *berkō (compare Dutch berk, Swedish björk, Norwegian bjørk), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰerHǵos (compare Sanskrit भूर्ज (bhūrjá), Lithuanian béržas, Czech bříza, Ossetian бӕрз (bærz), Russian берёза (berjóza)), Latin fraxinus (ash tree, ash javelin)).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

birch (countable and uncountable, plural birches)

  1. Any of various trees of the genus Betula, native to countries in the Northern Hemisphere.
  2. A hard wood taken from the birch tree, typically used to make furniture.
  3. A stick, rod or bundle of twigs made from birch wood, used for punishment.
  4. A birch-bark canoe.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

birch (third-person singular simple present birches, present participle birching, simple past and past participle birched)

  1. to punish with a stick, bundle of twigs, or rod made of birch wood.
  2. to punish as though one were using a stick, bundle of twigs, or rod made of birch wood.

Derived terms[edit]

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Middle English[edit]

Noun[edit]

birch

  1. Alternative form of birche