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See also: Fraxinus



From *bʰr̥Hǵ-s-inos, adjective of Proto-Indo-European *bʰr̥Hǵós (birch), *bʰerHǵs. Compare Sanskrit भूर्ज (bhūrjá, Himalayan birch) (Betula utilis) and English birch.


fraxinus (ash tree)


fraxinus f (genitive fraxinī); second declension

  1. an ash tree
    • c. 77 CE – 79 CE, Pliny the Elder, Naturalis Historia 16.30
      montes et valles diligit abies, robur, castaneae, tilia, ilex, cornus. aquosis montibus gaudent acer, fraxinus, sorbus, tilia, cerasus.
      Mountains and valleys are favoured by fir, oak, chestnut, linden, scarlet oak, dogwood. Wet mountains abound in maple, ash, service-tree, linden, [and] cherry.
  2. an ashen spear or javelin


Second declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative fraxinus fraxinī
genitive fraxinī fraxinōrum
dative fraxinō fraxinīs
accusative fraxinum fraxinōs
ablative fraxinō fraxinīs
vocative fraxine fraxinī

Derived terms[edit]



fraxinus (feminine fraxina, neuter fraxinum); first/second declension

  1. of ash wood; ashen
    • 8 CE, Ovid, Metamorphoses 7.677–678
      [] certe si fraxinus esset, fulva colore foret []
      surely if it were of ash, it would have a yellow color


First/second declension.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
nominative fraxinus fraxina fraxinum fraxinī fraxinae fraxina
genitive fraxinī fraxinae fraxinī fraxinōrum fraxinārum fraxinōrum
dative fraxinō fraxinō fraxinīs
accusative fraxinum fraxinam fraxinum fraxinōs fraxinās fraxina
ablative fraxinō fraxinā fraxinō fraxinīs
vocative fraxine fraxina fraxinum fraxinī fraxinae fraxina


  • fraxinus in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • fraxinus in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • fraxinus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français [Illustrated Latin-French Dictionary], Hachette
  • fraxinus in William Smith, editor (1854, 1857) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography, volume 1 & 2, London: Walton and Maberly