estre

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See also: -estre

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French estre (state, plan).

Noun[edit]

estre (plural estres)

  1. (archaic or obsolete) The indoor layout or plan of a castle.
    • 1954, C. S. Lewis, chapter 15, in The Horse and His Boy, page 239:
      "And tomorrow, Cor," he added, "shalt come over all the castle with me and see the estres and mark all its strength and weakness: for it will be thine to guard when I'm gone."

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

Franco-Provençal[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin sum (infinitive: esse). Compare with estar.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

estre

  1. to be

Conjugation[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Franco-Provençal: étre

See also[edit]

French[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ɛtʁ/
  • (file)

Verb[edit]

estre

  1. Archaic spelling of être.

Conjugation[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

Galician[edit]

Verb[edit]

estre

  1. inflection of estrar:
    1. first/third-person singular present subjunctive
    2. third-person singular imperative

Hungarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

est +‎ -re

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈɛʃtrɛ]
  • Hyphenation: est‧re

Noun[edit]

estre

  1. sublative singular of est

Middle French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French estre, conflated with Old French ester. Some forms additionally derive from sedēre (to sit).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

estre

  1. to be

Conjugation[edit]

  • Like Modern French être, highly irregular.
  • Middle French conjugation varies from one text to another. Hence, the following conjugation should be considered as typical, not as exhaustive.

Noun[edit]

estre m (plural estres)

  1. being (creature, entity)

Quotations[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • French: être
  • Middle English: estre (circumstance)

Old French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Early Medieval Latin essere, from Classical Latin esse. Not related to ester (< Latin stāre), but progressively confused with it.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (classical) IPA(key): /ˈɛstɾə/
  • (late) IPA(key): /ˈɛːtɾə/

Verb[edit]

estre

  1. to be

Conjugation[edit]

This verb conjugates as a third-group verb. This verb has irregularities in its conjugation. Old French conjugation varies significantly by date and by region. The following conjugation should be treated as a guide.

Quotations[edit]

Descendants[edit]

(In many cases, merged with the outcomes of ester.)

See also[edit]