侍う

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: S

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
さもら
Grade: S
kun’yomi

/samorapu//samorafu/ → */samorawu//samorau/

Compound of a prefix sa- (possibly the same sa meaning "really, truly", as mentioned in some derivations of 紫陽花 (ajisai, hydrangea)) and the verb 守らう (morau), the iterative or repetitive conjugation of 守る (moru, to protect).

Verb[edit]

(さもら) (samoraugodan (stem (さもら) (samorai), past (さもら)った (samoratta), historical kana さもらふ)

  1. to wait for a chance
  2. to serve by one's side

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
さぶら
Grade: S
kun’yomi

/samorapu//samorafu//saburafu/ → */saburawu//saburau/

Sound shift from earlier 侍う (samorau).

Verb[edit]

(さぶら) (saburaugodan (stem (さぶら) (saburai), past (さぶら)った (saburatta), historical kana さぶらふ)

  1. to serve by one's side
  2. (copula) to be
    • 16031604, Nippo Jisho (page 545)
      Saburai, ǒ, ǒta. サブライ, ゥ, ゥタ (候ひ、ふ、うた)...である, ...がある,などの意. 文書語.
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
さむら
Grade: S
kun’yomi

/samorapu//samorafu//saburafu//samurafu/ → */samurawu//samurau/

Sound shift from earlier 侍う (saburau).

Verb[edit]

(さむら) (samuraugodan (stem (さむら) (samurai), past (さむら)った (samuratta), historical kana さむらふ)

  1. (copula) to be
  2. verbal suffix

References[edit]