侍う

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Japanese[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
さもら
Grade: S
kun’yomi

/samorapu//samorafu/ → */samorawu//samorau/

Compound of a prefix sa- (possibly the same sa meaning "really, truly", as mentioned in some derivations of 紫陽花 (ajisai, hydrangea)) and the verb 守らう (morau), the iterative or repetitive conjugation of 守る (moru, to protect).

Verb[edit]

(さもら) (samorauさもらふ (samorafu)? godan (stem (さもら) (samorai), past (さもら)った (samoratta))

  1. to wait for a chance
  2. to serve by one's side

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
さぶら
Grade: S
kun’yomi

/samorapu//samorafu//saburafu/ → */saburawu//saburau/

Sound shift from earlier 侍う (samorau).

Verb[edit]

(さぶら) (saburauさぶらふ (saburafu)? godan (stem (さぶら) (saburai), past (さぶら)った (saburatta))

  1. to serve by one's side
  2. (copula) to be
    • 16031604, Nippo Jisho (page 545)
      Saburai, ǒ, ǒta. サブライ, ゥ, ゥタ (候ひ、ふ、うた)...である, ...がある,などの意. 文書語.
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
さむら
Grade: S
kun’yomi

/samorapu//samorafu//saburafu//samurafu/ → */samurawu//samurau/

Sound shift from earlier 侍う (saburau).

Verb[edit]

(さむら) (samurauさむらふ (samurafu)? godan (stem (さむら) (samurai), past (さむら)った (samuratta))

  1. (copula) to be
  2. verbal suffix

References[edit]