紫陽花

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Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
Grade: S Grade: 3 Grade: 1
Irregular

Noun[edit]

紫陽花 (hiragana あじさい, katakana アジサイ, rōmaji ajisai, historical hiragana あぢさゐ)

  1. hydrangea

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: S
よう
Grade: 3

Grade: 1
on'yomi

紫陽花 (hiragana しようか, katakana シヨウカ, rōmaji shiyōka, historical hiragana しやうくわ)

  1. Same as above.

Usage notes[edit]

First reading is much more common. Like most flower names in Japanese, that reading uses Kanji for purely semantic purposes, without regards to pronunciation (a phenomenon known as Jukujikun. The characters translate literally to "purple (紫) sun (陽) flower (花)." The second reading is a true On'yomi version. Finally, because this a biological term, it is often spelled in Katakana.