守る

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Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
まも
Grade: 3
kun’yomi

Compound of () (ma-, eye, sight, archaic) + () (moru, protect, watch over, Etymology 2).[1][2][3] まぼる and まぶる are alterations of まもる.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Tokyo pitch accent of conjugated forms of "守る"
Source: Online Japanese Accent Dictionary
Stem forms
Terminal (終止形)
Attributive (連体形)
守る [màmóꜜrù]
Imperative (命令形) 守れ [màmóꜜrè]
Key constructions
Passive 守られる もられ [màmóráréꜜrù]
Causative 守らせる もらせ [màmóráséꜜrù]
Potential 守れる もれ [màmóréꜜrù]
Volitional 守ろう もろ [màmóróꜜò]
Negative 守らない もらない [màmóráꜜnàì]
Negative perfective 守らなかった もらなかった [màmóráꜜnàkàttà]
Formal 守ります もりま [màmórímáꜜsù]
Perfective 守った った [màmóꜜttà]
Conjunctive 守って って [màmóꜜttè]
Hypothetical conditional 守れば れば [màmóꜜrèbà]

Verb[edit]

(まも) (mamorutransitive godan (stem (まも) (mamori), past (まも)った (mamotta))

(rare) (まぼ) or (まぶ) (maboru or maburutransitive godan (stem (まぼ) (mabori), past (まぼ)った (mabotta))

  1. 護る: to protect, to defend
    『ぼくの()(きゅう)(まも)って
    “Boku no Chikyū o Mamotte
    “Please Save My Earth”
    • 2005 November 9, Watsuki, Nobuhiro, “()(ソウ)(レン)(キン)ファイナル [Armed Alchemy: The Final Act]”, in ()(ソウ)(レン)(キン) [Armed Alchemy], volume 9, Tokyo: Shueisha, →ISBN:
      ………その(かく)() (いっ)(たい)どこから……?
      ………Sono kakugo Ittai doko kara……?
      …Such resolve. Where did you get it from…?
      もちろん!あの()()から あそこには(まも)りたい(ひと)(たち)(おお)(ぜい)いる (いち)(ばん)(まも)りたい(ひと)がいる
      Mochiron! Ano hoshi kara Asoko ni wa mamoritai hitotachi ga ōzei iru Ichiban… mamoritai hito ga iru
      Of course! From that planet. Where there are many people I sworn to protect. But most of all… where there’s the one person I swore to protect.
  2. to watch carefully
  3. to abide (by rules), to observe (regulations)
Conjugation[edit]
Synonyms[edit]
Antonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 3
kun’yomi

From Old Japanese.[1][2][3] Related to (me, eye) and 見る (miru, to see, to look at), with an underlying meaning of to watch over.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

() (morutransitive godan (stem () (mori), past ()った (motta))

  1. (archaic) to stand watch over something, to be on the lookout for something (such as a watchman controlling entry to a place)
  2. (archaic) to protect or defend something, to ensure that something is safe
Conjugation[edit]
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. 3.0 3.1 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN
  4. 4.0 4.1 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN