見る

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Japanese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 1
kun’yomi

From Proto-Japonic *miru. Cognate with (me, eye).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Tokyo pitch accent of conjugated forms of "見る"
Source: Online Japanese Accent Dictionary
Stem forms
Terminal (終止形)
Attributive (連体形)
見る [míꜜrù]
Imperative (命令形) 見ろ [míꜜrò]
Key constructions
Passive 見られる られ [mìráréꜜrù]
Causative 見させる させ [mìsáséꜜrù]
Potential 見られる られ [mìráréꜜrù]
Volitional 見よう [mìyóꜜò]
Negative 見ない ない [míꜜnàì]
Negative perfective 見なかった なかった [míꜜnàkàttà]
Formal 見ます [mìmáꜜsù]
Perfective 見た [míꜜtà]
Conjunctive 見て [míꜜtè]
Hypothetical conditional 見れば れば [míꜜrèbà]

Verb[edit]

() (mirutransitive ichidan (stem () (mi), past () (mita))

Japanese verb pair
causative ()せる
active ()
mediopassive ()える
  1. to see, to watch, to observe, to look at something
  2. to look over, to examine, to judge
  3. to take care of, to look after, to keep an eye on somebody
  4. to view something, like paintings, flowers or a movie
    映画(えいが)()()
    eiga o mi ni iku
    to go see a movie
    あの(かん)(とく)(えい)()()ことありません
    Ano kantoku no eiga o mita koto wa arimasen.
    I haven't seen any of that director's movies before.
  5. みる: (after the te form of a verb) to try to do (literally, “[do the preceding verb and] see”)
    納豆(なっとう)()べてみません
    Nattō o tabete mimasen ka.
    Why not try [to eat] natto?
    ()まで(きみ)()きてみたい
    shinu made kimi to ikite mitai yo
    Until death I want to try to live with you
    (あや)しい(とびら)()けてみたくない
    ayashī tobira o akete mitakunai yo
    I don't want to try to open the weird door!

Conjugation[edit]

Usage notes[edit]
  • This auxiliary usage implies that the action has never been attempted by the subject.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN