監督

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See also: 监督

Chinese

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supervisor; hard; strong
supervisor; hard; strong; solid; firm; to supervise; to inspect; jail; prison
 
supervise
trad. (監督)
simp. (监督)

Etymology

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“(ACG) director”
Wasei kango (和製漢語), orthographically borrowed from Japanese 監督(かんとく) (kantoku, director), which was in turn a semantic readaptation of Chinese 監督监督 (jiāndū, “to supervise”).
“(WMF) to oversight”
Semantic loan from English oversight.

Pronunciation

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Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 1/1
Initial () (28) (5)
Final () (149) (6)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () II I
Fanqie
Baxter kaem towk
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kˠam/ /tuok̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/kᵚam/ /tuok̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/kam/ /tok̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kaɨm/ /tawk̚/
Li
Rong
/kam/ /tok̚/
Wang
Li
/kam/ /tuok̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kam/ /tuok̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jiān du
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
gaam1 duk1
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
jiān
Middle
Chinese
‹ kæm ›
Old
Chinese
/*[k]ˁram/
English inspect

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 1/1
No. 6103 11738
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kraːm/ /*ʔl'uːwɢ/
Notes

Verb

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監督

  1. to supervise; to superintend; to oversee; to regulate
    證券監督管理機構 [MSC, trad.]
    证券监督管理机构 [MSC, simp.]
    zhèngquàn jiāndū guǎnlǐ jīgòu [Pinyin]
    securities regulatory agency
    自覺接受監督自觉接受监督  ―  zìjué jiēshòu jiāndū  ―  to consciously accept supervision
  2. (Wikimedia jargon) to oversight (to suppress content in a way that removes or minimizes its visibility or viewability)

Synonyms

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  • (to supervise):

Noun

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監督

  1. supervisor; overseer
  2. (ACG) film director

Derived terms

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Descendants

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Sino-Xenic (監督):

Further reading

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Japanese

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Kanji in this term
かん
Grade: S
とく
Grade: S
on'yomi

Pronunciation

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Noun

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(かん)(とく) (kantoku

  1. director, supervisor, manager, superintendent
    キューブリック(かん)(とく)(えい)()
    Kyūburikku-kantoku no eiga
    film directed by Mr. Kubrick
    ()(きゅう)チーム(かん)(とく)
    yakyū chīmu no kantoku
    manager of a baseball team
  2. direction, supervision, control
    〜の(かん)(とく)(もと)
    ~ no kantoku no moto ni
    under the direction/supervision of...
    ()(けん)(かん)(とく)する
    shiken no kantoku o suru
    to supervise an exam

Synonyms

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Derived terms

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Verb

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(かん)(とく)する (kantoku surutransitive suru (stem (かん)(とく) (kantoku shi), past (かん)(とく)した (kantoku shita))

  1. to direct; to supervise; to manage
    ()(ども)(かん)(とく)する
    kodomo o kantoku suru
    to supervise children

Conjugation

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References

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Korean

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Hanja in this term

Noun

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監督 (gamdok) (hangeul 감독)

  1. Hanja form? of 감독 (direction, supervision).

Vietnamese

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chữ Hán Nôm in this term

Noun

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監督

  1. chữ Hán form of giám đốc (director).